The Annals of Regional Science

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 189–204 | Cite as

The impact of immigration on interregional migrations: an input–output analysis with an application for Spain

  • Esteban Fernández VázquezEmail author
  • Ana Salomé García Muñiz
  • Carmen Ramos Carvajal
Original Paper


Developed countries in general, Spain in particular, have experienced a dramatic rise in the reception of foreign workers in the last decade. Among all the economic and social effects originated by the arrivals of immigrants, the literature has paid some attention to the potential effect that this immigration can produce on the internal migration patterns (the so-called “displacement effect”). This paper proposes the use of a multi-region input–output model of migrations for measuring how the reception of immigrants in one region displaces population among all the regions included in the model. From some basic assumptions, the input–output methodology proposed describes how the arrival of one immigrant in one region i, by the dissemination of internal population from i, generates indirect effects on other region j. To illustrate the methodology proposed in the paper, an empirical application for Spain is also included.

JEL Classification

C67 J61 R15 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Altonji JG, Card D (1991) The effect of immigration on the labour market outcomes of less skilled natives. In: Abowd JM, Freeman RB (eds) Immigration trade and the labour market. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  2. Angrist JD, Kugler AD (2003) Productive or counterproductive? Labour market institutions and the effect of immigration on EU natives. Econ J 113: 302–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Batty M (1983) Linear urban models. Pap Reg Sci 53: 1–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borjas GJ (1997) The economic analysis of immigration. In: Ashenfelter O, Card D (eds) Handbook of labour economics, vol. 3. North Holland, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Butcher KF, Card DE (1991) Immigration and wages: evidence from the 1980’s. Amer Econ Rev 81(2): 292–296Google Scholar
  6. Cabrer B, Pavía JM (2003) Flujos demográficos regionales: un análisis input–output. Estadística Española 45(154): 407–429 (in Spanish)Google Scholar
  7. Card DE (2005) Is the new immigration really so bad?. Econ J 115: 300–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Card DE, DiNardo JE (2000) Do immigrant inflows lead to native outflows?. Am Econ Rev 90: 360–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. De New J, Zimmermann KF (1994) Native wage impacts of foreign labour: a random effects panel analysis. J Popul Econ 7: 177–192Google Scholar
  10. Dietzenbacher E (1997) In vindication of the Gosh model: a reinterpretation as a price model. J Reg Sci 37: 629–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Filer RK (1992) The impact of immigrant arrivals on migratory patterns of native workers. In: Borjas GJ, Freeman RB (eds) Immigration and the work force: economic consequences for the United States and source areas. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  12. Frey W (1995) Immigration and internal migration “flight” from US metropolitan areas: toward a new demographic balkanization. Urban Stud 32: 733–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Frey WH, Liaw KL, Xie Y, Carlson MJ (1996) Interstate migration of the US poverty population: immigration “pushes” and welfare magnet “pulls”. Popul Environ 17(6): 491–533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Garin RA (1966) A matrix formulation of the Lowry model for intra-metropolitan activity location. J Am Inst Plann 32: 361–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guldman JM, Wang F (1998) Population and employment density function revisited: a spatial interaction approach. Pap Reg Sci 77(2): 189–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hatton TJ, Tani M (2005) Immigration and inter-regional migration in the UK 1982–2000. Econ J 115: 342–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. INE (2006) Encuesta de Variaciones Residenciales, series 1998–2005, Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid. Available online at
  18. Jun MJ (2005) Forecasting urban land-use demand using a metropolitan input–output model. Environ Plan A 37: 1311–1328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kritz MM, Gurak DT (2000) The impact of immigration on the internal migration of natives and immigrants. Demography 38(1): 133–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. LaLonde RJ, Topel RH (1991) Labor market adjustments to increased immigration. In: Abowd JM, Freeman RB (eds) Immigration, trade and the labor market. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  21. Lowry IS (1964) A model of metropolis. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  22. McGill SM (1997) The Lowry model as an input–output model and its extension to incorporate full intersectoral relations. Reg Stud 11(5): 337–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pischke JS, Velling J (1997) Employment effects of immigration to Germany: an analysis based on local labor markets. Rev Econ Stat 79: 594–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Walker R, Ellis M, Barf M (1992) Linked migration systems: immigration and internal labor flows in the United States. Econ Geogr 68: 234–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Winter-Ebmer R, Zweimüller J (1999) Do immigrants displace young native workers: the Austrian experience. J Popul Econ 12: 327–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wright R, Ellis M, Reibel M (1996) The linkage between immigration and internal migration in large metropolitan areas in the United States. Econ Geogr 73: 234–254Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esteban Fernández Vázquez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Salomé García Muñiz
    • 1
  • Carmen Ramos Carvajal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of OviedoOviedoSpain

Personalised recommendations