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Arthroscopic suture-tape internal bracing is safe as arthroscopic modified Broström repair in the treatment of chronic ankle instability

  • Tekin Kerem Ulku
  • Baris KocaogluEmail author
  • Okan Tok
  • Kaan Irgit
  • Ufuk Nalbantoglu
Ankle
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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the study was to compare the intermediate-term clinical outcomes between lateral ligaments augmentation using suture-tape and modified Broström repair in a selected cohort of patients. The hypothesis of the presented study is that suture-tape augmentation technique has comparable clinical and radiological outcomes with arthroscopic Broström repair technique.

Methods

Sixty-one consecutive patients with chronic ankle instability were operated between 2012 and 2016 randomized to 2 groups. First group was composed of 31 patients whom were operated using an arthroscopic Broström repair technique (ABR) and second group was composed of 30 Patients whom were operated using arthroscopic lateral ligaments augmentation using suture-tape internal bracing (AST). At the end of total follow-up time, all patients were evaluated clinically using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM). Radiological evaluation was performed using anterior drawer and varus stress radiographs with standard Telos device in 150 N. Talar tilt angles and anterior talar translation were measured both preoperatively, 1 year postoperatively and at the final follow-up.

Results

Preoperative total FAOS scores for ABR and AST groups were 66.2 ± 12 and 67.1 ± 11, respectively. Postoperative Total FAOS scores for ABR and AST groups were 90.6 ± 5.2 and 91.5 ± 7.7, respectively. There was no statistical difference in between 2 groups both pre- and postoperatively (n.s). According to FAAM, sports activity scores of ABR and AST groups were 84.9 ± 14 and 90.4 ± 12 at the final follow-up, which showed that AST group was significantly superior (p = 0.02). There were no significant differences in preoperative and postoperative stress radiographs between the two groups. Mean operation time for AST and ABR groups were 35.2 min and 48.6 min, respectively, which shows statistically significantly difference (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in recurrence rate of instability between to operation techniques (n.s).

Conclusions

Arthroscopic lateral ligament augmentation using suture tape shows comparable clinical outcomes to arthroscopic Broström repair in the treatment of chronic ankle instability at intermediate-term follow-up time. Arthroscopic lateral ligament augmentation using suture tape has a significant superiority in the terms of less operation time and no need for cast or brace immediate after surgery which allows early rehabilitation. It also has a significant superiority in the terms of FAAM scores at sports activity. However, there was no difference during daily life.

Level of evidence

II.

Keywords

Chronic Ankle Lateral instability Internal bracing Broström Reconstruction 

Notes

Funding

No external funding is used.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Health Sciences institutional ethical board approval was taken from Acibadem University Ethical Board (Acb.et: 2012.128).

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Copyright information

© European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tekin Kerem Ulku
    • 1
  • Baris Kocaoglu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Okan Tok
    • 1
  • Kaan Irgit
    • 2
  • Ufuk Nalbantoglu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Acibadem Altunizade HospitalAcibadem University Faculty of MedicineUskudarTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryMarmara University Faculty of MedicineIstanbulTurkey

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