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Diagnosis and treatment of anteroinferior capsular redundancy associated with anterior shoulder instability using an open Latarjet procedure and capsulorrhaphy

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Abstract

Purpose

There is a paucity of data detailing management of anterior capsular redundancy (ACR) when using the Latarjet procedure for unidirectional instability. This study aimed to describe the surgical management and to assess the clinical profile of patients presenting with anterior capsular redundancy [ACR(+)] with anterior shoulder instability.

Methods

Seventy-seven patients who had a Latarjet procedure were followed for a 55-month period. Per-operative ACR was assessed during surgery. ACR was considered present if the inferior capsular flap of a Neer T-shaft capsulorrhaphy was able to cover the superior capsular flap with the arm in the neutral position. Patients with ACR(+) received an additional Neer capsulorrhaphy, while patients with ACR(−) did not. This per-operative finding was correlated with demographics, clinical, radiological pre-operative data and surgical outcome.

Results

Patients presenting with a per-operative ACR(+) were significantly associated with a sulcus sign (P < 0.001), a Beighton score >4 (P < 0.01), a low-energy instability history (P < 0.05), a predominant history of subluxations (P < 0.05), fewer Hill–Sachs lesion (P < 0.05) and a female gender (P < 0.05), but not significantly with external rotation >85°. Open standard Latarjet procedures with Neer capsulorrhaphy in ACR(+) patients showed excellent or good results and stability rate of 95 %. All patients except four who presented with a new dislocation after surgery were satisfied with their outcome. Thirteen patients (16 %) had a persistent apprehension sign at the last follow-up. ACR(+) and ACR(−) groups did not show significant difference in the mean values of Rowe, Walch–Duplay and Constant–Murley scores.

Conclusion

ACR correlated with a sulcus sign, Beighton score and instability history. In anterior shoulder instability associated with ACR, the Latarjet procedure with a Neer capsulorrhaphy appears a satisfactory treatment alternative to arthroscopic or open capsular shift. It decreased apprehension in comparison with Latarjet procedures without capsular repair.

Level of evidence

Cases series, treatment study, Level IV.

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Ethical standard

This study was approved by the Rennes University Ethical Committee (Number 12–64).

Author information

Correspondence to Mickaël Ropars.

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Cite this article

Ropars, M., Cretual, A., Kaila, R. et al. Diagnosis and treatment of anteroinferior capsular redundancy associated with anterior shoulder instability using an open Latarjet procedure and capsulorrhaphy. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 24, 3756–3764 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-015-3621-9

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Keywords

  • Shoulder instability
  • Multidirectional instability
  • Open shoulder stabilization
  • Bristow–Latarjet
  • Shoulder laxity