There is an increased interest in treating arthritis of the medial and patellofemoral compartments without using a total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to measure kinematics in knees with a monoblock bicompartmental arthroplasty to see whether maintaining the cruciate ligaments and lateral compartment resulted in consistent kinematics more similar to healthy knees than those observed in replaced knees.
The kinematics of ten knees with monoblock bicompartmental arthroplasty were observed using fluoroscopy during three weight-bearing activities. Model-image registration techniques were used to quantify the three-dimensional motions of the knee joints.
During kneeling, lunging, and stair-step activities, the medial condyle remained relatively close to the centre of the tibial plateau, while the lateral condyle typically moved posteriorly with flexion. Knees generally exhibited motion patterns consistent with retained cruciate ligament function, but individual patterns varied significantly.
Bicompartmental knee arthroplasty has the potential to retain more natural knee function. Improved tools for aligning the implants and increased implant sizing options may be required to achieve highly consistent results and realize the clinical benefit of a knee arthroplasty with intact cruciate ligaments.
Level of evidence
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This work was sponsored by research grants to the authors’ institutions from Smith & Nephew plc.
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Park, B.H., Leffler, J., Franz, A. et al. Kinematics of monoblock bicompartmental knee arthroplasty during weight-bearing activities. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 23, 1756–1762 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-014-3427-1