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Chevron-type medial malleolar osteotomy: a functional, radiographic and quantitative T2-mapping MRI analysis

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate a large series of patients for functional, radiographic and MRI outcomes after a Chevron-type medial malleolar osteotomy.

Methods

Sixty-two patients underwent a Chevron-type medial malleolar osteotomy with a median follow-up of 34.5 months. Standard digital radiographs were used to determine bony union and the angle of the osteotomy relative to the longitudinal axis of the tibia. Morphologic and quantitative T2-mapping MRI was also analysed in 32 patients.

Results

Fifty-eight patients (94 %) reported being asymptomatic at the site of the medial malleolar osteotomy. The median time to healing on standard radiograph was 6 weeks (range, 4–6 weeks) with an angle of 31.7° ± 6.9°. Quantitative T2-mapping MRI analysis demonstrated that the deep half of interface repair tissue had relaxation times that were not significantly different from normal tibial cartilage. In contrast, interface repair tissue in the superficial half demonstrated significant prolongation from normal relaxation time values, indicating a more fibrocartilaginous repair. Four patients (6 %) reported pain post-operatively.

Conclusion

A Chevron-type medial malleolar osteotomy demonstrates satisfactory healing and fixation, with fibrocartilaginous tissue evident superficially at the osteotomy interface. Further investigation is warranted in the form of longitudinal study to assess the long-term outcomes of medial malleolar osteotomy.

Level of evidence

IV.

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Author information

Correspondence to John G. Kennedy.

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Lamb, J., Murawski, C.D., Deyer, T.W. et al. Chevron-type medial malleolar osteotomy: a functional, radiographic and quantitative T2-mapping MRI analysis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 21, 1283–1288 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-012-2050-2

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Keywords

  • Osteochondral lesion
  • Medial malleolar osteotomy
  • Talar dome
  • Ankle