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On simultaneous shape and material layout optimization of shell structures

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Abstract

This work presents a computational method for integrated shape and topology optimization of shell structures. Most research in the last decades considered both optimization techniques separately, seeking an initial optimal topology and refining the shape of the solution later. The method implemented in this work uses a combined approach, were the shape of the shell structure and material distribution are optimized simultaneously. This formulation involves a variable ground structure for topology optimization, since the shape of the shell mid-plane is modified in the course of the process. It was considered a simple type of design problem, where the optimization goal is to minimize the compliance with respect to the variables that control the shape, material fraction and orientation, subjected to a constraint on the total volume of material. The topology design problem has been formulated introducing a second rank layered microestructure, where material properties are computed by a “smear-out” procedure. The method has been implemented into a general optimization software called ODESSY, developed at the Institute of Mechanical Engineering in Aalborg. The computational model was tested in several numerical applications to illustrate and validate the approach.

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Ansola, R., Canales, J., Tarrago, J.A. et al. On simultaneous shape and material layout optimization of shell structures. Struct Multidisc Optim 24, 175–184 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00158-002-0227-x

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Key words

  • optimization
  • topology
  • shell structure
  • homogenization
  • automated design