Crisis at home: mancession-induced change in intrahousehold distribution
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The Great Recessions was essentially a “mancession” in countries like Spain, the UK, or the USA, i.e., it hist men harder than women for they were disproportionately represented in heavily affected sectors. We investigate how the mancession, and more generally women’s relative opportunities on the labor market, translates into within-household redistribution. Precisely, we estimate the spouses’ resource shares in a collective model of consumption, using Spanish data over 2006–2011. We exploit the gender-oriented evolution of the economic environment to test two original distribution factors: first the regional-time variation in spouses’ relative unemployment risks, and then the gender-differentiated shock in the construction sector (having a construction sector husband after the outburst of the crisis). Both approaches conclude that the resource share accruing to Spanish wives increased by around 7–9% on average, following the improvement of their relative labor market positions. Among childless couples, we document a 5–11% decline in individual consumption inequality following the crisis, which is essentially due to intrahousehold redistribution.
KeywordsMancession Intrahousehold allocation Unemployment risk
JEL ClassificationC3 D12 D13
We thank the two anonymous referees for their many valuable comments and suggestions. We are also grateful to Olivier Donni, Frederic Vermeulen, and participants to the ADRES conference and to seminars at ISER (Essex), THEMA (Cergy-Pontoise), AMSE (Aix-Marseille), and LEO (Orleans) for their helpful suggestions. All errors remain ours.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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