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The relevance for science of Western and Eastern cultures

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Abstract

The rise of modern science took place in Western Europe, and one may ask why this was the case. We analyze the roots of modern science by replacing scientific ideas within the framework of Western culture, notably the twin heritage of biblical thought and Greek philosophy. We also investigate Eastern (mostly Chinese) traditions so as to highlight Western beliefs by comparison, and to argue for their relevance to contemporary science. Classical Western conceptions that fostered the rise of science are now largely obsolete, and Eastern thought might be a source of new insights.

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Correspondence to Daniel Memmi.

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Memmi, D. The relevance for science of Western and Eastern cultures. AI & Soc 34, 599–608 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-017-0774-8

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Keywords

  • Science
  • Culture
  • Modern science
  • Western culture
  • Eastern culture
  • West
  • East