Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The general idea and usage of manufacturing knowledge data-contained differences of production culture

  • 56 Accesses


Activities of product design and manufacturing are carried out on a worldwide scale. Operations like outsourcing and fabless manufacturing occur frequently in both design and manufacturing processes to stimulate outbreaks of the abovementioned phenomena. In this situation, manufacturing knowledge data, that have been collected and used only by the same enterprise in the same place and within the same ethnic group up to now, are not sufficient or precise enough for making a plan of ongoing manufacturing. This paper tries to suggest an example of manufacturing knowledge data containing an element of production culture and to estimate a risk of manufacturing trouble that could happen between each production culture.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.


  1. Ihara T, Ito Y (1991) A new concept of CAPP based on flair of experienced engineers. Annuals CIRP 40(1):437

  2. Ihara et al. (1993) Application of representation by using flair-type knowledge model to automatization for process planning. J JSPE 59(8):1221

  3. Ihara T (1993) Anthropocentric intelligence-based manufacturing. In: Ito Y(ed) Human-intelligent-based manufacturing, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York

  4. Ihara T et al. (1996) The implement of thought object for complex knowledge data CAPP. J JSPE 62(11):1572

  5. Ito Y, Moritz EF (eds) (1997) Synergy of culture and production—a holistic approach to machine tool innovation, vol.1, Artefact, Sottrum, Germany

  6. Ito Y, Hoft C (1997) A proposal of region and racial traits harmonized products for future society. Int J Adv Manufact Technol 13(7):186

  7. Zhu J, Moritz EF and Ihara T (1999) An evaluation system of the process planning difficulty in different manufacturing cultures. J JSPE 65(1):85

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Tohru Ihara.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ihara, T., Zhu, J. The general idea and usage of manufacturing knowledge data-contained differences of production culture. AI & Soc 17, 256–265 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-003-0281-y

Download citation


  • Focused point of part drawing
  • Global production activities
  • Manufacturing knowledge data
  • Process planning difficulty
  • Production culture
  • Risk of manufacturing trouble