Advertisement

A decade of progress in critical care echocardiography: a narrative review

  • Antoine Vieillard-BaronEmail author
  • S. J. Millington
  • F. Sanfilippo
  • M. Chew
  • J. Diaz-Gomez
  • A. McLean
  • M. R. Pinsky
  • J. Pulido
  • P. Mayo
  • N. Fletcher
Review

Abstract

Introduction

This narrative review focusing on critical care echocardiography (CCE) has been written by a group of experts in the field, with the aim of outlining the state of the art in CCE in the 10 years after its official recognition and definition.

Results

In the last 10 years, CCE has become an essential branch of critical care ultrasonography and has gained general acceptance. Its use, both as a diagnostic tool and for hemodynamic monitoring, has increased markedly, influencing contemporary cardiorespiratory management. Recent studies suggest that the use of CCE may have a positive impact on outcomes. CCE may be used in critically ill patients in many different clinical situations, both in their early evaluation of in the emergency department and during intensive care unit (ICU) admission and stay. CCE has also proven its utility in perioperative settings, as well as in the management of mechanical circulatory support. CCE may be performed with very simple diagnostic objectives. This application, referred to as basic CCE, does not require a high level of training. Advanced CCE, on the other hand, uses ultrasonography for full evaluation of cardiac function and hemodynamics, and requires extensive training, with formal certification now available. Indeed, recent years have seen the creation of worldwide certification in advanced CCE. While transthoracic CCE remains the most commonly used method, the transesophageal route has gained importance, particularly for intubated and ventilated patients.

Conclusion

CCE is now widely accepted by the critical care community as a valuable tool in the ICU and emergency department, and in perioperative settings.

Keywords

Critical care echocardiography Transthoracic echocardiography Transesophageal echocardiography Ultrasonography Hemodynamic monitoring 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

AVB has received grant funds from GSK for conducting clinical research and was a member of the scientific advisory board for the study. SJM declares no conflict of interest. FSF declares no conflict of interest. MC has received honoraria and travel grants from Edwards Lifesciences. JDG declares no conflict of interest. AML declares no conflict of interest. MRP has received honoraria for lectures from Edwards Lifesciences, Cheetah Medical and LiDCO Ltd and is a scientific advisor to Edwards Lifesciences and LiDCO Ltd. JP declares no conflict of interest. PM declares no conflict of interest. NF declares no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

An approval by an ethics committee was not applicable.

Supplementary material

134_2019_5604_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (AVI 14652 kb)

134_2019_5604_MOESM3_ESM.wmv (1.4 mb)
Supplementary material 3 (WMV 1460 kb)
134_2019_5604_MOESM4_ESM.mpg (4.2 mb)
Supplementary material 4 (MPG 4287 kb)
134_2019_5604_MOESM5_ESM.mpg (1.9 mb)
Supplementary material 5 (MPG 1933 kb)

Supplementary material 6 (AVI 11076 kb)

134_2019_5604_MOESM7_ESM.pptx (2.8 mb)
Supplementary material 7 (PPTX 2826 kb)
134_2019_5604_MOESM8_ESM.mov (754 kb)
Supplementary material 8 (MOV 754 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Cholley B, Vieillard-Baron A, Mebaaza A (2006) Echocardiography in the ICU: time for widespread use! Intensive Care Med 32:9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Levitov A, Frankel HL, Blaivas M et al (2016) Guidelines for the appropriate use of bedside general and cardiac ultrasonography in the evaluation of critically ill patients-Part II: cardiac ultrasonography. Crit Care Med 44:1206–1227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mayo PH, Beaulieu Y, Doelken P et al (2009) American College of Chest Physicians/La Société de Réanimation de Langue Française statement on competence in critical care ultrasonography. Chest 135:1050–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Papolos A, Narula J, Bavishi C, Chaudhry F, Sengupta P (2016) U.S. hospital use of echocardiography. Insights from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. J Am Coll Cardiol 67:502–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dres M, Austin PC, Pham T, Aegerter P, Guidet B, Demoule A, Vieillard-Baron A, Brochard L, Geri G, CUB-REA Group (2018) Acute respiratory distress syndrome cases volume and ICU mortality in medical patients. Crit Care Med 46:e33–e40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    De Backer D, Bakker J, Cecconi M, Hajjar L, Liu DW, Lobo S, Monnet X, Morelli A, Myatra SN, Perel A, Pinsky MR, Saugel B, Teboul JL, Vincent JL (2018) Alternatives to the Swan-Ganz catheter. Intensive Care Med 44:730–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mercado P, Maizel J, Beyls C, Kontar L, Orde S, Huang S, McLean A, Tribouilloy C, Slama M (2019) Reassessment of the accuracy of cardiac Doppler pulmonary artery pressure measurements in ventilated ICU patients: a simultaneous Doppler-catheterization study. Crit Care Med 47:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zieleskiewicz L, Muller L, Lakhal K et al (2015) Point-of-care ultrasound in intensive care units: assessment of 1073 procedures in a multicentric, prospective, observational study. Intensive Care Med 41:1638–1647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vincent JL, Rhodes A, Perel A et al (2011) Clinical review: update on hemodynamic monitoring—a consensus of 16. Crit Care 15:229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cecconi M, Hofer C, Teboul JL et al (2015) Fluid challenge in intensive care: the FENICE study. A global inception cohort study. Intensive Care Med 41:1529–1537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jensen MB, Sloth E, Larsen KM, Schmidt MB (2004) Transthoracic echocardiography for cardiopulmonary monitoring in intensive care. Eur J Anaesthesiol 21:700–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fletcher SN, Grounds RM (2012) Critical care echocardiography: cleared for take up. Br J Anaesth 109:490–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Price S, Via G, Sloth E, Guarracino F, Breitkreutz R, Catena E, Talmor D (2008) Echocardiography practice, training and accreditation in the intensive care: document for the World Interactive Network Focused on Critical Ultrasound (WINFOCUS). Cardiovasc Ultrasound 6:49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Neskovic AN, Skinner H, Price S et al (2018) Focus cardiac ultrasound core curriculum and core syllabus of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 19:475–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Expert round table on echocardiography in ICU (2014) International consensus statement on training standards for advanced critical care echocardiography. Intensive Care Med 40:654–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cook CH, Praba AC, Beery PR, Martin LC (2002) Transthoracic echocardiography is not cost-effective in critically ill surgical patients. J Trauma 52:280–284Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lhéritier G, Legras A, Caille A, Lherm T, Mathonnet A, Frat JP, Courte A, Martin- Lefèvre L, Gouëllo JP, Amiel JB, Garot D, Vignon P (2013) Prevalence and prognostic value of acute cor pulmonale and patent foramen ovale in ventilated patients with early acute respiratory distress syndrome: a multicenter study. Intensive Care Med 39:1734–1742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Garcia YA, Quintero L, Singh K, Lakticova V, Lakovou A, Koenig SJ, Narasimhan M, Mayo PH (2017) Feasibility, safety, and utility of advanced critical care transesophageal echocardiography performed by pulmonary/critical care fellows in a medical ICU. Chest 152:736–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hüttemann E, Schelenz C, Kara F, Chatzinikolaou K, Reinhart K (2004) The use and safety of transesophageal echocardiography in the general ICU-a minireview. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48:827–836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Orde S, Slama M, Hilton A, Yastrebov K, McLean A (2017) Pearls and pitfalls in comprehensive critical care echocardiography. Crit Care 21:279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Panoulas VF, Daigeler AL, Malaweera AS, Lota AS, Baskaran D, Rahman S, Nihoyannopoulos P (2013) Pocket-size hand-held cardiac ultrasound as an adjunct to clinical examination in the hands of medical students and junior doctors. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 14:323–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Martin LD, Howell EE, Ziegelstein RC, Martire C, Whiting-O’Keefe QE, Shapiro EP, Hellmann DB (2009) Hand-carried ultrasound performed by hospitalists: does it improve the cardiac physical examination? Am J Med 122:35–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Di Bello V, La Carrubba S, Conte L et al (2015) Incremental value of pocket-sized echocardiography in addition to physical examination during inpatient cardiology evaluation: a multicenter Italian study (SIEC). Echocardiography 32:1463–1470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mjolstad OC, Dalen H, Graven T, Kleinau JO, Salvesen O, Haugen BO (2012) Routinely adding ultrasound examinations by pocket-sized ultrasound devices improves inpatient diagnostics in a medical department. Eur J Intern Med 23:185–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hibbert B, Simard T, Ramirez FD (2018) Impact of routine handheld focused cardiac ultrasonography on the diagnosis and management of hospitalized cardiac patients: the CAPITAL FoCUS Registry. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1161/circ.134.suppl_1.20662. Accessed 10 Oct 2018
  26. 26.
    Vignon P, Mentec P, Terré S, Gastinne H, Guéret P, Lemaire F (1994) Diagnostic accuracy and therapeutic impact of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU. Chest 106:1829–1834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Heidenreich PA, Stainback RF, Redberg RF, Schiller NB, Cohen NH, Foster E (1995) Transesophageal echocardiography predicts mortality in critically ill patients with unexplained hypotension. J Am Coll Cardiol 26:152–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    McKaigney CJ, Krantz MJ, La Rocque CL, Hurst ND, Buchanan MS, Kendall JL (2014) E-point septal separation: a bedside tool for emergency physician assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction. Am J Emerg Med 32:493–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nazerian P, Vanni S, Zanobetti M, Polidori G, Pepe G, Federico R, Cangioli E, Grifoni S (2010) Diagnostic accuracy of emergency Doppler echocardiography for identification of acute left ventricular heart failure in patients with acute dyspnea: comparison with Boston criteria and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide. Acad Emerg Med 17:18–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kimura BJ, Amundson SA, Willis CL, Gilpin EA, DeMaria AN (2002) Usefulness of a hand-held ultrasound device for bedside examination of left ventricular function. Am J Cardiol 90:1038–1039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Moore CL, Rose GA, Tayal VS, Sullivan DM, Arrowood JA, Kline JA (2002) Determination of left ventricular function by emergency physician echocardiography of hypotensive patients. Acad Emerg Med 9:186–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Johnson BK, Tierney DM, Rosborough TK, Harris KM, Newell MC (2016) Internal medicine point-of-care ultrasound assessment of left ventricular function correlates with formal echocardiography. J Clin Ultrasound 44:92–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Vignon P, Mucke F, Bellec F, Marin B, Croce J, Brouqui T, Palobart C, Senges P, Truffy C, Wachmann A, Dugard A, Amiel J (2011) Basic critical care echocardiography: validation of a curriculum dedicated to noncardiologist residents. Crit Care Med 39:636–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mandavia DP, Hoffner RJ, Mahaney K, Henderson SO (2001) Bedside echocardiography by emergency physicians. Ann Emerg Med 38:377–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mekontso-Dessap A, Chew MS (2018) Cardiac tamponade. Intensive Care Med 44:936–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Douglas PS, Garcia MJ, Haines DE et al (2011) ACCF/ASE/AHA/ASNC/HFSA/HRS/SCAI/SCCM/SCCT/SCMR 2011 Appropriate Use Criteria for Echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 57:1126–1166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Al Deeb M, Barbic S, Featherstone R, Dankoff J, Barbic D (2014) Point-of-care ultrasonography for the diagnosis of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema in patients presenting with acute dyspnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med 21:843–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Martindale JL, Wakai A, Collins SP, Levy PD, Diercks D, Hiestand BC, deSouza I, Sinert R (2016) Diagnosing acute heart failure in the emergency department: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med 23:223–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Pivetta E, Goffi A, Lupia E et al (2015) Lung ultrasound-implemented diagnosis of acute decompensated heart failure in the ED: a SIMEU multicenter study. Chest 148:202–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sanfilippo F, Scoletta S, Morelli A, Vieillard-Baron A (2018) Practical approach to diastolic function in light of the new guidelines and clinical applications in the operating room and in the intensive care. Ann Intensive Care 8:100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Clancy DJ, Scully T, Slama M, Huang S, McLean A, Orde SR (2017) Application of updated guidelines on diastolic dysfunction in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Ann Intensive Care 7:121Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Vieillard-Baron A, Naeije R, Haddad F (2018) Diagnostic workup, etiologies and management of acute right ventricle failure: a state-of-the-art paper. Intensive Care Med 44:774–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Mekontso-Dessap A, Boissier F, Charron C, Bégot E, Repessé X, Legras A, Brun- Buisson C, Vignon P, Vieillard-Baron A (2016) Acute cor pulmonale during protective ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome: prevalence, predictors, and clinical impact. Intensive Care Med 42:862–70Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Plummer D, Brunette D, Asinger R, Ruiz E (1992) Emergency department echocardiography improves outcome in penetrating cardiac injury. Ann Emerg Med 21:709–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ferrada P, Evans D, Wolfe L, Anand RJ, Vanguri P, Mayglothling J, Whelan J, Malhotra A, Goldberg S, Duane T, Aboutanos M, Ivatury RR (2014) Findings of a randomized controlled trial using limited transthoracic echocardiogram (LTTE) as a hemodynamic monitoring tool in the trauma bay. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 76:31–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Gaspari R, Weekes A, Adhikari S et al (2016) Emergency department point-of-care ultrasound in out-of-hospital and in-ED cardiac arrest. Resuscitation 109:33–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Jones AE, Tayal VS, Sullivan DM, Kline JA (2004) Randomized, controlled trial of immediate versus delayed goal-directed ultrasound to identify the cause of nontraumatic hypotension in emergency department patients. Crit Care Med 32:1703–1708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Joseph MX, Disney PJ, Da Costa R, Hutchison SJ (2004) Transthoracic echocardiography to identify or exclude cardiac cause of shock. Chest 126:1592–1597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Wetterslev M, Moller-Sorensen H, Johansen RR, Perner A (2016) Systematic review of cardiac output measurements by echocardiography vs. thermodilution: the techniques are not interchangeable. Intensive Care Med 42:1223–1233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Pinsky MR, Payen D (2005) Functional hemodynamic monitoring. Crit Care 9:566–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Vieillard-Baron A, Prin S, Chergui K, Dubourg O, Jardin F (2003) Hemodynamic instability in sepsis. Bedside assessment by Doppler echocardiography. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:1270–1276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Vignon P, Repessé X, Bégot E, Léger J, Jacob C, Bouferrache K, Slama M, Prat G, Vieillard-Baron A (2017) Comparison of echocardiography indices used to predict fluid responsiveness in ventilated patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 195:1022–1032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Vieillard-Baron A, Evrard B, Repessé X, Maizel J, Jacob C, Goudelin M, Charron C, Prat G, Slama M, Geri G, Vignon P (2018) Limited value of end-expiratory inferior vena cava diameter to predict fluid responsiveness. Impact of intra-abdominal pressure. Intensive Care Med 44:197–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Repessé X, Charron C, Vieillard-Baron A (2016) Assessment of the effects of inspiratory load on right ventricular function. Curr Opinion Crit Care 22:254–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Mahmood SS, Pinsky MR (2018) Heart-lung interactions during mechanical ventilation: the basics. Ann Transl Med 6:349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Magder S (2018) Heart-lung interactions in spontaneous breathing subjects: the basics. Ann Transl Med 6:348Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Vignon P, Begot E, Mari A et al (2018) Hemodynamic assessment of patients with septic shock using transpulmonary thermodilution and critical care echocardiography: a comparative study. Chest 153:55–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Vieillard-Baron A, Matthay M, Teboul JL, Bein T, Schultz M, Madger S, Marini JJ (2016) Experts’ opinion on management of hemodynamics in ARDS patients: focus on the effects of mechanical ventilation. Intensive Care Med 42:739–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Repessé X, Charron C, Vieillard-Baron A (2015) Acute cor pulmonale in ARDS: rationale for protecting the right ventricle. Chest 147:259–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Vieillard-Baron A, Slama M, Mayo P, Charron C, Amiel JB, Esterez C, Leleu F, Repesse X, Vignon P (2013) A pilot study on safety and clinical utility of a single-use 72-hours indwelling transesophageal echocardiography probe. Intensive Care Med 39:629Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Fletcher N, Geisen M, Meeran H, Spray D, Cecconi M (2015) Initial clinical experience with a miniaturized transesophageal probe in a cardiac intensive care unit. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 29:582–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Cioccari L, Baur HR, Berger D, Wiegand J, Takala J, Merz TM (2013) Hemodynamic assessment of critically ill patients using a miniaturized transesophageal echocardiography probe. Crit Care 17:R121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Manasia AR, Nagaraj HM, Kodali RB (2005) Feasibility and potential clinical utility of goal-directed transthoracic echocardiography performed by noncardiologist intensivists using a small hand-carried device (SonoHeart) in critically ill patients. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 19:155–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Pulido JN, Afessa B, Masaki M, Yuasa T, Gillespie S, Herasevitch V, Brown DR, Oh JK (2012) Clinical spectrum, frequency, and significance of myocardial dysfunction in severe sepsis and septic shock. Mayo Clin Proc 87:620–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Huang SJ, Nalos M, McLean AS (2013) Is early ventricular dysfunction or dilatation associated with lower mortality rate in adult severe sepsis and septic shock? A meta-analysis. Crit Care 17:R96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Guarracino F, Baldassarri R, Pinsky MR (2013) Ventriculo-arterial decoupling in acutely altered hemodynamic states. Crit Care 17:213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Huang SJ, Ting I, Huang AM, Slama M, McLean AS (2017) Longitudinal wall fractional shortening: an M-mode index based on mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) that correlates and predicts left ventricular longitudinal strain (LVLS) in intensive care patients. Crit Care 21:292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Orde SR, Pulido JN, Masaki M, Gillespie S, Spoon JN, Kane GC, Oh JK (2014) Outcome prediction in sepsis: speckle tracking echocardiography based assessment of myocardial function. Crit Care 18:R149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Boissier F, Razazi K, Seemann A, Bedet A, Thille AW, de Prost N, Lim P, Brun-Buisson C, Mekontso-Dessap A (2017) Left ventricular systolic dysfunction during septic shock: the role of loading conditions. Intensive Care Med 43:633–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Sanfilippo F, Corredor C, Fletcher N, Tritapepe L, Lorini FL, Arcadipane A, Vieillard- Baron A, Cecconi M (2018) Left ventricular systolic function evaluated by strain echocardiography and relationship with mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care 22:183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Feng M, McSparron JI, Kien DT, Stone DJ, Roberts DH, Schwartzstein RM, Vieillard- Baron A, Celi L (2018) Transthoracic echocardiography and mortality in sepsis: analysis of the MIMIC-III database. Intensive Care Med 44:884–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Kanji HD, McCallum J, Sirounis D, MacRedmond R, Moss R, Boyd JH (2014) Limited echocardiography-guided therapy in subacute shock is associated with change in management and improved outcomes. J Crit Care 29:700–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Wu C, Zheng Z, Jiang L, Gao Y, Xu J, Jin X, Chen Q, Zhang M (2018) The predictive value of bedside ultrasound to restore spontaneous circulation in patients with pulseless electrical activity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 13:e0191636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Konstantinides SV, Torbicki A, Agnelli G et al (2014) 2014 ESC guidelines on the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism. Eur Heart J 35:3033–3069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Cowie B (2002) Focused transthoracic echocardiography predicts perioperative cardiovascular morbidity. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 26:989–993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Canty DJ, Heiberg J, Yang Y, Royse AG, Margale S, Nanjappa N, Scott D, Maier A, Sessler DI, Chuan A, Palmer A, Bucknill A, French C, Royse CF (2018) Pilot multi-centre randomised trial of the impact of pre-operative focused cardiac ultrasound on mortality and morbidity in patients having surgery for femoral neck fractures (ECHONOF-2 pilot). Anaesthesia 73:428–437Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Lancellotti P, Price S, Edvardsen T et al (2015) The use of echocardiography in acute cardiovascular care: recommendations of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 16:119–464Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Hahn RT, Abraham T, Adams MS, Bruce CJ, Glas KE, Lang RM, Reeves ST, Shanewise JS, Siu SC, Stewart W, Picard MH (2014) Guidelines for performing a comprehensive transesophageal echocardiographic examination: recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography and the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists. Anesth Analg 118:21–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Heiberg J, El-Ansary D, Royse CF, Royse AG, Alsaddique AA, Canty DJ (2016) Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography: a systematic review of feasibility and impact on diagnosis, management and outcome after cardiac surgery. Anaesthesia 71:1210–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Canty DJ, Heiberg J, Tan JA, Yang Y, Royse AG, Royse CF, Mobeirek A, Shaer FE, Albacker T, Nazer RI, Fouda M, Bakir BM, Alsaddique AA (2017) Assessment of image quality of repeated limited transthoracic echocardiography after cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 31:965–972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Geisen M, Spray D, Nicholas Fletcher S (2014) Echocardiography-based hemodynamic management in the cardiac surgical intensive care unit. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 28:733–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Treskatsch S, Balzer F, Knebel F, Habicher M, Braun JP, Kastrup M, Grubitzsch H, Wernecke KD, Spies C, Sander M (2015) Feasibility and influence of hTEE monitoring on postoperative management in cardiac surgery patients. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 31:1327–1335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Jasudavisius A, Arellano R, Martin J, McConnell B, Bainbridge D (2016) A systematic review of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in non-cardiac surgery: implications for point-of-care ultrasound education in the operating room. Can J Anaesth 63:480–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Staudt GE, Shelton K (2018) Development of a rescue echocardiography protocol for noncardiac surgery patients. Anesth Analg.  https://doi.org/10.1213/ane.0000000000003569
  85. 85.
    Zieleskiewicz L, Bouvet L, Einav S, Duclos G, Leone M (2018) Diagnostic point-of-care ultrasound: applications in obstetric anaesthetic management. Anaesthesia 73:1265–1279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Victor K, Barrett NA, Gillon S, Gowland A, Meadows CI, Ioannou N (2015) Critical care echo rounds: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Echo Res Pract 2:D1–D11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Platts DG, Sedgwick JF, Burstow DJ, Mullany DV, Fraser JF (2012) The role of echocardiography in the management of patients supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 25:131–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Douflé G, Roscoe A, Bilia F, Fan E (2015) Echocardiography for adult patients supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Crit Care 19:326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Donker DW, Meuwese CL, Braithwaite SA, Broomé M, van der Heijden JJ, Hermens JA, Platenkamp M, de Jong M, Janssen JGD, Balík M, Bělohlávek J (2018) Echocardiography in extracorporeal life support: a key player in procedural guidance, tailoring and monitoring. Perfusion 33:31–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Aissaoui N, Caudron J, Leprince P, Fagon JY, Lebreton G, Combes A, Diebold B (2017) Right-left ventricular interdependence: a promising predictor of successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) weaning after assistance for refractory cardiogenic shock. Intensive Care Med 43:592–594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Aissaoui N, Luyt CE, Leprince P, Trouillet JL, Léger P, Pavie A, Diebold B, Chastre J, Combes A (2011) Predictors of successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) weaning after assistance for refractory cardiogenic shock. Intensive Care Med 37:1738–1745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Arntfield RT, Millington SJ, Ainsworth CD et al (2014) Canadian recommendations for critical care ultrasound training and competency. Can Respir J 21:341–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Spencer KT, Kimura BJ, Korcarz CE (2013) Focused cardiac ultrasound: recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 26:567–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Expert Round Table on Ultrasound in ICU (2011) International expert statement on training standards for critical care ultrasonography. Intensive Care Med 37:1077–1083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Ryan T, Berlacher K, Lindner JR et al (2015) COCATS 4 task force 5: training in echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 65:1786–1799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Skinner AA, Freeman RV, Sheehan FH (2016) Quantitative feedback facilitates acquisition of skills in focused cardiac ultrasound. Sim Healthcare 11:134–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Ferrero NA, Bortsov AV, Arora H et al (2014) Simulator training enhances resident performance in transesophageal echocardiography. Anesthesiology 120:149–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Damp J, Anthony R, Davidson MA, Mendes L (2013) Effects of transesophageal echocardiography simulator training on learning and performance in cardiovascular medicine fellows. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 26:1450–1456.e2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Vignon P, Pegot B, Dalmay F, Jean-Michel V, Bocher S, L’her E, Cros J, Prat G, EchoSimu Group (2018) Acceleration of the learning curve for mastering basic critical care echocardiography using computerized simulation. Intensive Care Med 44:1097–1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Prat G, Charron C, Repesse X, Coriat P, Bailly P, L’her Vieillard-Baron E, Vieillard-Baron A A (2016) The use of computerized echocardiographic simulation improves the learning curve for transesophageal hemodynamic assessment in critically ill patients. Ann Intensive Care 6:27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Aronson S, Thys DM (2001) Training and certification in perioperative transesophageal echocardiography: a historical perspective. Anesth Analg 93:1422–1427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Swanevelder J, Chin D, Kneeshaw J, Chambers J, Bennett S, Smith D, Nihoyannopoulos P (2003) Accreditation in transesophageal echocardiography: statement from the Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthetists and the British Society of Echocardiography Joint TOE Accreditation Committee. Br J Anaesth 91:469–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Fox KF, Popescu BA, Janiszewski S, Nihoyannopoulos P, Fraser AG, Pinto FJ (2007) Report on the European Association of Echocardiography accreditations in echocardiography: December 2003-September 2006. Eur J Echocardiogr 8:74–79. http://www.uvsq.fr/diu-techniques-ultrasoniques-en-anesthesie-et-en-reanimation-148919.kjsp
  104. 104.
  105. 105.
    Orde S, Slama M, Stanley N, Huang S, McLean A (2018) Feasibility of biventricular 3D transthoracic echocardiography in the critically ill and comparison with conventional parameters. Crit Care 22:198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Galusko V, Bodger O, Ionescu A (2018) A systematic review of pocket-sized imaging devices: small and mighty? Echo Res Pract 5:113–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Goudelin M, Evrard B, Dalmay F, Padilla AH, Gonzalez C, Lafon T, Daix T, Fedould AL, François B, Vignon P (2018) Diagnostic capability of a next-generation, ultra- miniaturized ultrasound system in patients with cardiopulmonary compromise assessed using basic critical care echocardiography. Intensive Care Med 44:1579–1581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Mayo P, Arntfield R, Balik M, Kory P, Mathis G, Schmidt G, Slama M, Volpicelli G, Xirouchaki N, McLean A, Vieillard-Baron A (2017) The ICM research agenda on critical care ultrasonography. Intensive Care Med 43:1257–1269CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019
corrected publication April 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoine Vieillard-Baron
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. J. Millington
    • 3
  • F. Sanfilippo
    • 4
  • M. Chew
    • 5
  • J. Diaz-Gomez
    • 6
  • A. McLean
    • 7
  • M. R. Pinsky
    • 8
  • J. Pulido
    • 9
  • P. Mayo
    • 10
  • N. Fletcher
    • 11
    • 12
  1. 1.Intensive Care Medicine UnitAssistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Hospital Ambroise ParéBoulogne-BillancourtFrance
  2. 2.INSERM U-1018, CESP, Team 5, University of Versailles Saint-Quentin en YvelinesVillejuifFrance
  3. 3.Department of Critical Care Medicine, The Ottawa HospitalUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  4. 4.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CarePoliclinico-Vittorio Emanuele University HospitalCataniaItaly
  5. 5.Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical and Health SciencesLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  6. 6.Department of Critical Care MedicineMayo ClinicJacksonvilleUSA
  7. 7.Intensive Care Nepean HospitalUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  8. 8.Department of Critical Care MedicineUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  9. 9.Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Cardiovascular Intensive Care UnitSwedish Heart and Vascular Institute, Swedish Medical Center, US Anesthesia PartnersSeattleUSA
  10. 10.Division of PulmonaryCritical Care and Sleep Medicine, Northwell Health LIJ/NSUH Medical Center, Zucker School of MedicineHofstra/NorthwellUSA
  11. 11.Consultant in Cardiothoracic Critical Care, St Georges Hospital, St Georges University of LondonLondonUK
  12. 12.Cleveland Clinic LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations