Declaration of conflicts of interest: a ‘crooked’ line towards scientific integrity
In 2003, Martin Tobin, as Editor-in-Chief of American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, introduced a policy on conflict of interest (COI) . He expressed that a COI is “…a set of conditions in which professional judgement concerning a primary interest, such as the validity of research, might be influenced by a secondary interest, such as financial gain. The secondary interest is usually not illegitimate in itself, but it becomes a problem when it eclipses the primary interest. …a conflict of interest is a condition, not a behavior—being determined by circumstances, not by outcome. A conflict exists…when judgment might or might be perceived to be influenced… before any actual breach of trust, and irrespective of whether a breach of trust actually occurs”. The readers must know about financial ties with industry for them to determine whether the COI may have biased the presentation of the results: the declaration allows the reader to decide. Many other...
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
LB is Deputy Editor for the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine and Associate Editor for Annals of Intensive Care. He is supported by the Keenan Chair in Critical Care and Acute Respiratory Failure (Keenan Research Centre, St Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, CA). For his research he has received funding payed to his laboratory or institution for research studies he initiated by Medtronic Covidien (study on PAV) and Fisher Paykel (studies on high flow) and has received equipment loaned by companies for research protocols that he initiated from Philips, Maquet, General Electric, Sentec, Fisher Paykel, and Air Liquide. BPK is an executive editor for Anesthesiology and an associate editor for Critical Care; he receives research support from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (Ottawa, Canada) and from the Dr Geoffrey Barker Chair in Critical Care Research (Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Canada).
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