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Variation in natriuretic peptides and mitral flow indexes during successful ventilatory weaning: a preliminary study

Abstract

Objective

To assess the cardiac consequences of successful respiratory weaning using the variations of circulating B-type and atrial natriuretic peptides (BNP, ANP) and Doppler mitral flow.

Design

A prospective preliminary observational study.

Setting

A 14-bed medical ICU in a French university hospital.

Patients

Thirty-one patients undergoing a spontaneous breathing trial on a T-tube.

Interventions

Circulating BNP and ANP levels and Doppler-derived E/A ratio and deceleration time of the E wave were measured before and 1 h after disconnection.

Results

BNP levels increased from 299 pg/ml (range 56–1079) to 412 pg/ml (147–1324) (p = 0.02) in patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction, decreased from 98 pg/ml (25–337) to 45 pg/ml (38–180) (p = 0.04) in patients with right ventricular dilation and remained unchanged in patients with neither of these cardiac abnormalities. Overall ANP levels increased from 33 pg/ml to 67 pg/ml (p < 0.001) regardless of ventricular function. The E/A ratio increased from 0.91 (0.66–3.56) to 1.17 (0.5–4.76), (p = 0.01), after disconnection, whereas deceleration time of E wave decreasedfrom 185 ms (120–280) to 160 ms (70–206) (p = 0.02).

Conclusion

During successful weaning from mechanical ventilation ANP levels increase in all patients whereas changes in BNP levels depend on underlying cardiac function. Changes in Doppler mitral flow indexes following ventilator disconnection suggest an increase in left-ventricular filling pressure.

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Author information

Correspondence to Eric Maury.

Additional information

No author has any conflict of interest in this study.

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Ait-Oufella, H., Tharaux, P., Baudel, J. et al. Variation in natriuretic peptides and mitral flow indexes during successful ventilatory weaning: a preliminary study. Intensive Care Med 33, 1183–1186 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-007-0627-x

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Keywords

  • Weaning
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Brain natriuretic peptide
  • Atrial natriuretic peptide
  • Echocardiography
  • Mitral Doppler