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Effects of Soil Properties and Land Use Types on the Bioaccessibility of Cd, Pb, Cr, and Cu in Dongguan City, China

  • Haoqi Tian
  • Yuzhe Wang
  • Jingfang Xie
  • Hua Li
  • Yuen ZhuEmail author
Article

Abstract

In order to determine the potential heavy metal contamination in soil across Dongguan City, 124 soil samples from seven land use types were collected, four heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cr, and Cu) were analyzed. Total Cd, Cr, and Cu contents were significantly higher than the background values for Guangdong Province. Lead bioaccessibility in urban green land was lower than that in industrial and abandoned districts. The bioaccessibility of heavy metals was affected by total metal concentrations, soil properties, and land use types. The results showed that there was a negative correlation between the bioaccessibility of heavy metals (except for Cu) and their total concentrations. Soil pH and organic matter were the main factors affecting the bioaccessibility of Cd, Cr, Pb, and Cu in most land use types. Furthermore, sand, P, and clay also affected Pb, Cr, and Cu bioaccessibility. With the exception of the industrial zone periphery and urban green land, the bioaccessibility of heavy metals was mainly affected by clay.

Keywords

Heavy metals Dongguan City Bioaccessibility Soil properties Land use types 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFD0801300); Key R&D Program of Shanxi Province of China (Grant No. 201703D211014); Open Foundation of Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, MOE (Grant No. KLIEEE-16-03); Science and Technology Key Program of Shanxi Province of China (Grant No. 20140311008-6); Higher Education Institution Project of Shanxi Province: Ecological Remediation of Soil Pollution Disciplines Group (Grant No.: 20181401).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haoqi Tian
    • 1
  • Yuzhe Wang
    • 2
  • Jingfang Xie
    • 1
  • Hua Li
    • 1
  • Yuen Zhu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Environment and ResourcesShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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