Effects of Mercapto-functionalized Nanosilica on Cd Stabilization and Uptake by Wheat Seedling (Triticum aestivum L.) in an Agricultural Soil

  • Yangyang Wang
  • Xiaoyu Ma
  • Junnan Wang
  • Shanshan Cheng
  • Qiang Ren
  • Wenhao Zhan
  • Yansong WangEmail author


In the present study, a pot-culture experiment was conducted to investigate the influences of mercapto-functionalized nanosilica (MPTS/nano-silica) on Cd stabilization and uptake by wheat seedling. Four different dosages of MPTS/nano-silica were applied: 0%, 0.3%, 0.6% and 1% (w/w), and the changes of DTPA-extractable Cd in soil, soil properties, wheat biomass, and uptake of Cd to wheat tissues (shoots and roots) were measured throughout the experiment. The results showed that the application of MPTS/nano-silica (at dose of 1%) reduced the DTPA-extractable Cd from 4.21 to 1.45 mg/kg in the soil. Whereas the addition of MPTS/nano-silica hardly changed soil properties and slightly decreased the biomass of wheat seedling. In addition, Cd concentration in wheat tissues decreased from 6.388 to 2.625 mg/kg for shoot, and from 18.622 to 6.368 mg/kg for root. These results indicated that MPTS/nano-silica is an ideal candidate for remediation of Cd contaminated agricultural soil.


Cadmium Pot-culture experiment Wheat Stabilization Heavy metal 



This work was supported by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51704093, 21571051); Open Funding Project of National Key Laboratory of Human Factors Engineering (SYFD180051810K and 614222207041813); First-class disciplines innovation team training projects in Henan University (2018YLTD16).


  1. Abbas T, Rizwan M, Ali S, Zia-ur-Rehman M, Qayyum M, Abbas F, Hannan F, Rinklebe J, Ok Y (2017) Effect of biochar on cadmium bioavailability and uptake in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in a soil with aged contamination. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 140:37–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Da’Na E (2017) Adsorption of heavy metals on functionalized-mesoporous silica: a review. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 247:145–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gregory SJ, Anderson C, Arbestain M, McManus M (2014) Response of plant and soil microbes to biochar amendment of an arsenic-contaminated soil. Agric Ecosyst Environ 191:133–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Guo XF, Li HS, Chen HY (2017) The effects of biochar and intercropping on the Cd, Cr and Zn speciation in soils and plant uptake by Machilus pauhoi. Bull Enviorn Contam Toxicol 98:574–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jönsson E, Asp H (2013) Effects of pH and nitrogen on cadmium uptake in potato. Biol Plantarum 57:788–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kaur R, Bhatti S, Singh S, Singh J, Singh S (2018) Phytoremediation of heavy metals using cotton plant: a field analysis. Bull Enviorn Contam Toxicol 101:637–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kızılkaya R, Akça İ, Askin T, Yilmaz R, Olekhov V, Samofalova L, Mudrykh N (2012) Effect of soil contamination with azadirachtin on dehydrogenase and catalase activity of soil. Eurasian Soil Sci 2:98–103Google Scholar
  8. Lei C, Yan B, Chen T, Xiao XM (2018) Preparation and adsorption characteristics for heavy metals of active silicon adsorbent from leaching residue of lead-zinc tailings. Environ Sci Pollut R 25:21233–21242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Li G, Khan S, Ibrahim M, Sun T, Tang J, Cotner J, Xu Y (2018) Biochars induced modification of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in soil and its impact on mobility and bioaccumulation of arsenic and cadmium. J Hazard Mater 348:100–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lian MM, Feng QQ, Wang LF, Niu LY, Zhao ZS, Li XH, Zhang ZJ (2019) Highly effective immobilization of Pb and Cd in severely contaminated soils by environment-compatible, mercapto-functionalized reactive nanosilica. J Clean Prod 235:583–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu C, Wang L, Yin J, Qi LP, Feng Y (2018) Combined amendments of nano-hydroxyapatite immobilized cadmium in contaminated soil-potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) system. Bull Enviorn Contam Toxicol 100:581–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ma YM, Li FF, Jiang YL, Yang WH, Lv L, Xue HT, Wang YY (2016) Remediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated soil using the acidified hydrazine hydrate. Bull Enviorn Contam Toxicol 97:392–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ravankhah N, Mirzaei R, Masoum S (2016) Spatial eco-risk assessment of heavy metals in the surface soils of industrial city of Aran-o-Bidgol, Iran. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 96:516–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rehman MZ, Rizwan M, Ghafoor A, Naeem A, Ali S, Sabir M, Qayyum M (2015) Effect of inorganic amendments for in situ stabilization of cadmium in contaminated soils and its phyto-availability to wheat and rice under rotation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:16897–16906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Singh PK, Wang WJ, Shrivastava AK (2018) Cadmium-mediated morphological, biochemical and physiological tuning in three different Anabaena species. Aquat Toxicol 202:36–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Song XY, Hu XJ, Ji PH, Li YS, Chi GY, Song YF (2012) Phytoremediation of cadmium-contaminated farmland soil by the hyperaccumulator Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla. Bull Enviorn Contam Toxicol 88:623–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Stanislawska-Glubiak E, Korzeniowska J, Kocon A (2015) Effect of peat on the accumulation and translocation of heavy metals by maize grown in contaminated soils. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:4706–4714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sun YB, Zhao D, Xu YM, Wang L, Liang XF, Shen Y (2016) Effects of sepiolite on stabilization remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil and its ecological evaluation. Front Env Sci Eng 10:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wang YY, Bing P, Yang ZH, Chai LY, Liao Q, Zhang Z, Li C (2015) Bacterial community dynamics during bioremediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated soil. Appl Soil Ecol 85:50–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wang YY, Li FF, Song J, Xiao RY, Luo L, Yang ZH, Chai LY (2018) Stabilization of Cd-, Pb-, Cu- and Zn-contaminated calcareous agricultural soil using red mud: a field experiment. Environ Geochem Hlth 40:2143–2153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wang YY, Liu YD, Zhan WH, Niu LM, Zou XY, Zhang CS, Ruan XL (2019) A field experiment on stabilization of Cd in contaminated soils by surface-modified nano-silica (SMNS) and its phyto-availability to corn and wheat. J Soil Sediment. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wu CF, Luo YM, Zhang LM (2010) Variability of copper availability in paddy fields in relation to selected soil properties in southeast China. Geoderma 156:200–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Xu GR, Zou JL, Li GB (2008) Stabilization of heavy metals in ceramsite made with sewage sludge. J Hazard Mater 152:56–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Yi L, Hong YT, Wang DJ, Zhu YX (2010) Effect of red mud on the mobility of heavy metals in mining-contaminated soils. Chin J Geochem 29:191–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhou R, Liu X, Luo L, Zhou Y, Wei J, Chen A, Tang L, Wu HP, Deng Y, Zhang F, Wang Y (2017) Remediation of Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd-contaminated agricultural soil using a combined red mud and compost amendment. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 118:73–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yangyang Wang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xiaoyu Ma
    • 1
  • Junnan Wang
    • 1
  • Shanshan Cheng
    • 1
  • Qiang Ren
    • 1
  • Wenhao Zhan
    • 2
  • Yansong Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development and Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan ProvinceHenan UniversityKaifengChina
  2. 2.National Key Laboratory of Human Factors EngineeringChina Astronaut Research and Training CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Demonstration Center for Environmental and PlanningHenan UniversityKaifengChina

Personalised recommendations