Advertisement

Hg and Se in Organs of Three Cetacean Species from the Murcia Coastline (Mediterranean Sea)

  • E. Martínez-LópezEmail author
  • J. Peñalver
  • L. Lara
  • A. J. García-Fernández
Article

Abstract

We determinated Hg and Se concentrations in liver, kidney, brain, lung and muscle of five bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), four common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) and four Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus) stranded along the Murcia coast, Southeast Spain, in order to evaluate the risk of Hg toxicity. Hg concentrations showed similar concentrations to other individuals in the Mediterranean Sea with the same length in the same period. We observed a positive correlation of Hg and Se in liver (r = 0.948, p < 0.001) and kidney (r = 0.939; p = 0.001) and ratio the Se/Hg molar was higher than 1 in most cases. Our results suggest that the protective effects of Se against Hg toxicity occur in cetaceans. However, we detected levels of Hg described as responsible liver damage and neurotoxicological effects so other tools, as biochemical markers, should be included. Besides, more studies are needed to evaluate the risk of Hg exposure in dolphins from Murcia coastline.

Keywords

Mercury Selenium Cetacean Mediterranean Sea 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are greatly indebted to the Seneca Foundation for financing the MASCA 2014 project (19481/PI/14), to the staff of “El Valle” Wildlife Recovery Center for the careful sampling work and, to the LAYSA Lab for the accurate analysis of the samples. Thanks to Eddie Benson to revise the English grammar.

Supplementary material

128_2019_2697_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 kb)

References

  1. Bellante A, D’Agostino F, Traina A, Piazzese1 D, Milazzo MF, Sprovieri M (2017) Hg and Se exposure in brain tissues of striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) and bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) from the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas. Ecotoxicology 26:250–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bilandžić N, Sedak M, Ðokić M, Gomeržić MD, Gomeržić T, Zadravec M, Benić M, Crnić AP (2012) Toxic element concentrations in the bottlenose (Tursiops truncatus), striped (Stenella coeruleoalba) and Risso’s (Grampus griseus) dolphins stranded in Eastern. Adriatic Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89:467–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Borrell A, Aguilar A, Tornero V, Drago M (2014) Concentrations of mercury in tissues of striped dolphins suggest decline of pollution in Mediterranean open waters. Chemosphere 107:319–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cáceres-Saez I, Haro D, Blank O, Aguayo Lobo A, Dougnac C, Arredondo C, Cappozzo L, Ribeiro Guevara S (2018) High status of mercury and selenium in false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens, Owen 1846) stranded on Southern South America: a possible toxicological concern? Chemosphere 199:637–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Campbell LM, Norstrom RJ, Hobson KA, Muir DCG, Backus S, Fisk AT (2005) Mercury and other trace elements in a pelagic Arctic marine food web (Northwater Polynya, Baffin Bay). Sci Total Environ 351–352:247–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carvalho ML, Pereira RA, Brito J (2002) Heavy metals in soft tissues of Tursiops truncatus and Delphinus delphis from west Atlantic Ocean by X-ray spectrometry. Sci Total Environ 292:247–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clarkson TW, Magos L (2006) The toxicology of mercury and its chemical compounds. Crit Rev Toxicol 36:609–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cuvin-Aralar ML, Furness RW (1991) Mercury and selenium interaction: a review. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 21:348–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ferreira M, Monteiro SS, Torres J, Oliveira I, Sequeira M, López A, Vingada J, Eira C (2016) Biological variables and health status affecting inorganic element concentrations in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from Portugal (western Iberian Peninsula). Environ Pollut 210:293–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Frodello JP, Romeo M, Viale D (2000) Distribution of mercury in the organs and tissues of five toothed-whale species of the Mediterranean. Environ Pollut 108:447 – 452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. García-Alix A, Jimenez-Espejo FJ, Lozano JA, Jiménez-Moreno G, Martinez-Ruiz F, García Sanjuán L, Aranda Jiménez G, García Alfonso E, Ruiz-Puertas G, Scott Anderson R (2013) Anthropogenic impact and lead pollution throughout the Holocene in Southern Iberia. Sci Total Environ 449:451–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. García-Álvarez N, Fernandez A, Boada LD, Zumbado M, Zaccaroni A, Arbelo M, Sierra E, Almunia J, Perez-Luzardo O (2015) Mercury and selenium status of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): a study in stranded animals on the Canary Islands. Sci Total Environ 536:489–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Giménez J, Marcalo A, García-Polo M, García-Barón I, Castillo JJ, Fernández-Maldonado C, Saavedra C, Santos B, de Stephanis R (2017) Feeding ecology of Mediterranean common dolphins: the importance of mesopelagic fish in the diet of an endangered subpopulation. Mar Mammal Sci 34:136–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hong YS, Hunter S, Clayton LA, Rifkin E, Edward J. Bouwer EJ (2012) Assessment of mercury and selenium concentrations in captive bottlenose dolphin's (Tursiops truncatus) diet fish, blood, and tissue. Sci Total Environ 414:220–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. IUCN (2012) Marine mammals and sea turtles of the Mediterranean and Black Seas. IUCN, Gland, p 32Google Scholar
  16. Krey A, Ostertag SK, Chan HM (2015) Assessment of neurotoxic effects of mercury in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), ringed seals (Pusa hispida), and polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from the Canadian Arctic. Sci Total Environ 509–510:237–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kruse S, Caldwell DK, Caldwell MC (1999) Risso’s dolphin. In: Ridgway S, Harrison R (eds) Handbook of marine mammals, vol 6. Academic Press, London, pp 183–212Google Scholar
  18. Lahaye V, Bustamante P, Dabin W, Van Canneyt O, Dhermain F, Cesarini C et al (2006) New insights fromage determination on toxic element accumulation in striped and bottlenose dolphins from Atlantic and Mediterranean waters. Mar Pollut Bull 52:1219–1230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Law RJ, Bennett ME, Blake SJ, Allchin CR, Jones BR, Spurrier CJH (2001) Metals and organochlorines in pelagic cetaceans stranded on the coasts of England and Wales. Mar Pollut Bull 42:522 – 526Google Scholar
  20. Law RJ (1996) Metals in marine mammals. In: Beyer N, Heinz G, Redmon-Norwood AW (eds) Environmental contaminants in wildlife: interpreting tissue concentrations. Lewis Publishers, Inc, Chelsea, pp 357–376Google Scholar
  21. Law RJ, Allchin CR, Jones BR, Jepson PD, Baker JR, Spurrier CJH (1997) Metals and organochlories in tissues of a Blainville’s Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon densirostris) anda killer whale (Orcinus orca) stranded in the United Kingdom. Mar Pollut Bull 34:208–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Law RJ, Barry J, Barber JL, Bersuder P, Deaville R, Reid RJ et al (2012) Contaminants in cetaceans from UK waters: status as assessed within the Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme from 1990 to 2008. Mar Pollut Bull 64:1485–1494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Leonzio C, Focardi S, Fossi C (1992) Heavy metals and selenium in stranded dolphins of the Northern Tyrrhenian (NW Mediterranean). Sci Total Environ 119:77–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mackey EA, Becker PR, Demiralp R, Greenberg RR, Koster BJ, Wise SA (1996) Bioaccumulation of vanadium and other trace metals in livers of Alaskan cetaceans and pinnipeds. Arch Environ Contain Toxicol 30:503–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Martínez-Gómez C, Fernández B, Benedicto JM, Valdés J et al (2012) Health status of red mullets from polluted areas of the Spanish Mediterranean coast, with special reference to Portman (SE-Spain). Mar Environ Res 77:50–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Martínez-López E, Peñalver J, Escriña A, Lara L, Gens MJ, Maria-Dolores E, Alcaraz A, García-Fernández AL (2019) Trace metals in striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) stranded along the Murcia coastline, Mediterranean Sea, during the period 2009–2015. Chemosphere 229:580–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Martoja R, Berry JP (1980) Identification of tiemannite as a probable product of demethylation of mercury by selenium in cetaceans. A complement to the scheme of the biological cycle of mercury. Vie Milieu 30:7–10Google Scholar
  28. Méndez-Fernández P, Chouvelon T, Bustamante P, Ferreira M, González AF, López A et al (2014) An assessment of contaminant concentrations in toothed whale species of the NW Iberian Peninsula: part II. Trace element concentrations. Sci Total Environ 484:206–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Monteiro SS, Torres J, Ferreira M, Marçalo A, Nicolau L, Vingada JV, Eira C (2016) Ecological variables influencing trace element concentrations in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus, Montagu 1821) stranded in continental Portugal. Sci Tot Environ 544:837–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nowak R (1999) Walker’s Mammals of the World. The John Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  31. O´Hara TM, Hanns C, Bratton G, Taylor R, Woshner VM (2006) Essential and non-essential elements in eight tissue types from subsistence hunted bowhead whale: nutritional and toxicological assessment. Int J Circumpolar Health 65:228–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pauly D, Trites AW, Capuli E, Christensen V (1998) Diet composition and trophic levels of marine mammals. ICES J Mar Sci 55:467–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pompe-Gotal J, Srebocan E, Gomercic H, Prevendar, Crnic A (2009) Mercury concentrations in the tissues of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and striped dolphins (Stenella coeruloalba) stranded on the Croatian Adriatic coast. Vet Med 54:598–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ralston NVC, Ralston CR, Blackwell JL, Raymond LJ (2008) Dietary and tissue selenium in relation to methylmercury toxicity. NeuroToxicol 29:802–811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rawson AJ, Patton GW, Hofmann S, Pietra GG, Johns L (1993) Liver abnormalities associated with chronic mercury accumulation in stranded atlantic bottlenosed dolphins. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 25(1):41–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Robinson CD, Webster L, Martinez-Gómez C, Burgeot T et al (2016) Assessment of contaminant concentrations in sediments, fish and mussels sampled from the North Atlantic and European regional seas within the ICON project, Mar Environ Res 124:1–11Google Scholar
  37. Roditi-Elasar M, Kerem D, Hornung H, Kress N, Shoham-Frider E, Goffman O, Spanier E (2003) Heavy metal levels in bottlenose and striped dolphins off the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Mar Pollut Bull 46:491–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Roesijadi G (1992) Metallothioneins in metal regulation and toxicity in aquatic animals. Aquat Toxicol 22:81–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Scheuhammer AM, Braune B, Chan H, Frouin H, Krey A, Letcher R, Loseto L, Noel M, Ostertag S, Ross P, Wayland M (2015) Recent progress on our understanding of the biological effects of mercury in fish and wildlife in the Canadian artic. Sci Total Environ 10:91–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shoham-Frider E, Amiel S, Roditi-Elasar M, Kress N (2002) Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus) stranding on the coast of Israel (eastern Mediterranean). Autopsy Results and Trace Metal Concentrations. Sci Total Environ 295:157–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shoham-Frider E, Kress N, Wynne D, Scheinin A, Roditi-Elsar M, Kerem D (2009) Persistent organochlorine pollutants and heavy metals in tissues of common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) from the Levantine basin of the eastern Mediterranean. Chemosphere77:621–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sormo EG, Ciesielski TM, Overjordet IB, Lierhagen S, Eggen GS, Berg T et al (2011) Selenium moderates mercury toxicity in free-ranging freshwater fish. Environ Sci Technol 45:6561–6566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stavros H, Stolen M, Durden W, McFee W, Bossart G, Fair P (2011) Correlation and toxicological inference of trace elements in tissues from stranded and free-ranging bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Chemosphere 82:1649–1661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Storelli N, Zizzo G, Marcotrigiano O (1999) Heavy metals and methylmercury in tissues of Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus) and Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris) stranded in Italy. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 63:703 – 710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tan S, Meiller J, Mahaffey K (2009) The endocrine effects of mercury in humans and wildlife. Crit Rev Toxicol 39:228–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wagemann R, Trebacz E, Boila G, Lockhart WL (2000) Mercury species in the liver of ringed seals. Sci Total Environ 261:21–32.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-012-9555-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Watanabe C (2002) Modification of mercury toxicity by selenium: practical importance? Tohoku J Exp Med 196:71–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Woshner VM, O’Hara TM, Bratton GR, Suydam RS, Beasley VR (2001) Concentrations and interactions of selected essential and non-essential elements in bowhead and beluga whales of arctic Alaska. J Wild Dis 37:693–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhou L, Salvador SM, Liu YP, Sequeira M (2001) Heavy metals in the tissues of common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) stranded on the Portuguese coast. Sci Total Environ 273:1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zonfrillo B, Sutcliffe R, Furness RW, Thompson DR (1988) Notes on a Risso’s dolphin from Argyll with analysis of its stomach contents and mercury levels. Glasg Nat 21:22Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Martínez-López
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. Peñalver
    • 1
    • 3
  • L. Lara
    • 4
  • A. J. García-Fernández
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Area of Toxicology, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of VeterinaryUniversity of MurciaMurciaSpain
  2. 2.Laboratory of Toxicology, Biomedical Research Institute of Murcia (IMIB-Arrixaca)University of MurciaMurciaSpain
  3. 3.Fisheries and Aquaculture Service (CARM)MurciaSpain
  4. 4.“El Valle” Wildlife Recovery Center (CARM)MurciaSpain

Personalised recommendations