Phytoremediation of Three Herbaceous Plants to Remove Metals from Urban Runoff

  • Hongwei Liu
  • He Wang
  • Weifeng Gao
  • Hong Liang
  • Dawen GaoEmail author


Phytoremediation experiments were carried out to assess the ability of different herbaceous buffer strips to absorb metals. Results revealed the Medicago sativa buffer strip had the best removal capacity for copper, lead, and cadmium in the runoff and seepage flow. Copper and lead content in M. sativa were significantly higher than in Lolium perenne and Poa pratensis (p < 0.05). Cadmium content in P. pratensis was significantly higher than in L. perenne and M. sativa(p < 0.05). Total accumulation of copper and lead in M. sativa buffer strips was 13.45 mg kg−1 and 1.01 mg kg−1, respectively. Total cadmium accumulation was approximately 0.50 mg kg−1 in both M. sativa and P. pratensis. Overall, results indicated that using M. sativa in the buffer strips was optimal for the remediation of copper, lead, and cadmium in sewage water.


Copper Lead Cadmium Riparian buffer system 



This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2016YFC0401105).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ForestryNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.College of Wildlife ResourceNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinChina
  3. 3.School of EnvironmentHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Water EnvironmentHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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