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Measurements and Distribution of Atmospheric Particulate-Bound Mercury: A Review

  • Hui ZhangEmail author
  • Xuewu Fu
  • Xun Wang
  • Xinbin Feng
Focused Review

Abstract

Atmospheric particulate-bound mercury (PBM) plays an important role in the geochemical cycling of mercury (Hg). This study reviewed research progress of the PBM, including the possible emission and deposition pathways, measurement methods and the global distribution. The primary PBM sources are anthropogenic sources, but natural sources could be also a considerable contributor, for instance, chemical transport and dust in the arid and desert area. Different filter methods, such as quartz fibre filters, have been applied to the PBM measurement, and PBM can also be real-time monitored automatically. Generally, the average PBM concentrations were higher in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere. However, the PBM level of Antarctica is quite high. PBM concentrations were higher in the urban areas than in the remote areas, and there was a high PBM level in the developing countries. Moreover, high PBM concentrations were observed in the range 20°–60° of northern latitude.

Keywords

Mercury Hg Particulate-bound mercury Anthropogenic sources 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41703134) and the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFC0212001).

Supplementary material

128_2019_2663_MOESM1_ESM.docx (613 kb)
Supplementary file1 (DOCX 614 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuiyangChina
  2. 2.CAS Center for Excellence in Quaternary Science and Global ChangeXi’anChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.College of Resources and EnvironmentSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina

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