Time-Dependent Responses of Oxidative Stress, Growth, and Reproduction of Daphnia magna Under Thermal Stress
The present study evaluated the effects of temperature (20 and 25°C) on the oxidative stress responses and life-history traits of Daphnia magna depending on exposure time. Daphnid exposed to an elevated temperature for 21 days had notably higher activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione S-transferase while the enzyme activities did not differ significantly between the two temperature groups for daphnid exposed for 5 days. However, the results of body length were opposite where only the 5 days exposure daphnid had significantly longer bodies at 25°C compared to those at 20°C (p < 0.05). Despite the earlier reproduction for daphnids at 25°C, the cumulative number of offspring per female for 21 days was not significantly different from those at 20°C (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that D. magna undergo strategic changes in oxidative stress response, growth, and reproduction throughout the exposure period of 21 days.
KeywordsAntioxidant enzyme Body length Fecundity Water flea
This work was supported by a Korea University Grant and a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (Grant No. NRF-2016R1A2B4016299).
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