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Evidence of Microplastic Ingestion by Fish from the Bahía Blanca Estuary in Argentina, South America

  • Andrés H. AriasEmail author
  • Ana C. Ronda
  • Ana L. Oliva
  • Jorge E. Marcovecchio
Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess – for the first time – the occurrence and distribution of microplastics (MPs) in the gastrointestinal tracts (GITs) of a marine commercial fish species (Micropogonias furnieri) from the Bahía Blanca Estuary (BBE) in Argentina, and to evaluate fish potential associated stress. In order to do this, juveniles were sampled using artisanal fishing arts at two sampling locations. Basic measurements of individual fish were taken (total length, total weight, weight of the liver) and GITs were subsequently removed, digested with 30% H2O2 for 5 days at 60°C, filtered on Whatman paper and then dried. Samples were observed with a stereomicroscope, and it was demonstrated that 100% of the individuals contained microplastic particles in their GITs. In total, 241 microplastic particles were removed from the GITs of all fish. They were categorized as fibers (60.8%), pellets (28.9%), fragments (8.6%) and laminas (1.4%), and they ranged in size from 0.98 to > 5 mm. The average number of particles per fish was higher than that reported in previous global marine studies. Moreover, a positive correlation between the number of MPs per fish and hepatosomatic index was found, suggesting a probable stress in their health condition. These findings provide the first and southernmost evidence of microplastic contamination in biota from the Argentinean sea, which is found in the South Atlantic sea.

Keywords

Plastic pollution Fish Fibers Estuary South America 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Enio Redondo and Beto Conte for their fishing skills in the field. This study was approved and financed by PICT 2015-0709, National Agency for the Promotion of the Science and Technology, PGI 24/ZQ12 (National South University) to Dr. Andrés H. Arias and PICT 2016-0540 granted to Ana C. Ronda, PhD.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía (IADO-CONICET/UNS)Bahía BlancaArgentina
  2. 2.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidad Nacional del Sur (UNS)Bahía BlancaArgentina
  3. 3.Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y FarmaciaUniversidad Nacional del Sur (UNS)Bahía BlancaArgentina
  4. 4.Universidad Tecnológica Nacional-Facultad Regional Bahía Blanca (UTN-FRBB)Bahía BlancaArgentina
  5. 5.Universidad de la Fraternidad de Agrupaciones Santo Tomás de AquinoMar del PlataArgentina

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