Speciation, Distribution and Risk Assessment of Metals in Sediments from a Water Body Replenished by Effluent from a Wastewater Treatment Plant

  • Nan Wang
  • Xiaochang C. Wang
  • Honglei Liu
  • Yucong Zheng
  • Yan Zhang
  • Jiaqing XiongEmail author
  • Pan Pan
  • Yanzheng Liu


To assess the status and risk of metal pollution in landscape water body replenished by wastewater treatment plant effluent, the distribution of metals in sediments from three regions [regulation pond (RP), wetland lake (WL), and main lake (ML)] of Harbor Lake, Tianjin, China, was characterized. Higher levels of all metals (except Cr and Pb) were observed in RP sediments. As, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn were mainly bound to organic matter and sulfide (F3) and residual fractions (F4), while the exchangeable and carbonate fraction (F1) and Fe/Mn oxide fraction (F2) were the dominant forms for Cd. Additionally, finding showed that the overall risk of sediments in aquatic systems was affected by both metal toxicity and metal fractionation. Thus, according to a modified risk assessment code (RAC), the potential adverse effect of metals in sediments was medium (although As, Cd, Ni, and Zn had high mobility risks based on the RAC), decreasing in the order RP > WL > ML.


Landscape water Metals Sediment Chemical speciation WWTP effluent Risk assessment 



This work was supported by Tianjin Research Program of Applied Science and Advanced Technology (Grant No. 15JCZDJC41000), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51808431), and National Major Project of China (Grant No. 2012ZX07308-001-08).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nan Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaochang C. Wang
    • 1
  • Honglei Liu
    • 2
  • Yucong Zheng
    • 1
  • Yan Zhang
    • 2
  • Jiaqing Xiong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pan Pan
    • 3
  • Yanzheng Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.International S&T Cooperation Center for Urban Alternative Water Resources Development, Key Lab of Northwest Water Resources, Environment and Ecology, MOE, Engineering Technology Research Center for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse, Shaanxi Province, Key Lab of Environmental Engineering, Shaanxi Province, School of Environmental and Municipal EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.Tianjin Academy of Environmental SciencesTianjinChina
  3. 3.Wuhuan Engineering Co., LtdWuhuanChina

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