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Selenium (Se) Does Not Reduce Cadmium (Cd) Uptake and Translocation in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Naturally Occurred Se-Rich Paddy Fields with a High Geological Background of Cd

  • Bei-Bei Yang
  • Cheng Yang
  • Zong-Yuan Shao
  • Hao Wang
  • Shu-Ting Zan
  • Meng Zhu
  • Shou-Biao Zhou
  • Ru-Yi YangEmail author
Article

Abstract

This study examined the selenium (Se) and cadmium (Cd) uptake by rice from soil and analyzed the relationship between Se and Cd in naturally occurred Se-rich paddy fields with a high geological background of Cd. Significant correlations were observed between soil Se and plant biomass Se, but not between soil Cd and plant biomass Cd. High concentrations of Cd were detected in rice plants and particularly in rice grains, suggesting potential health risks to human. Contrary to results from other previous studies, our results showed that high soil Se did not reduce Cd uptake by rice, although it decreased the availability of Cd in soil. Rather, soil Se and internal Se pool in rice were positively correlated to the transfer of Cd from root to straw. The effect of Se on the uptake and translocation of Cd in rice in field is therefore different from those in pot experiments.

Keywords

Selenium-rich area Antagonism Cd translocation Oryza sativa L. Health risk 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41771355), Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 1508085SMC211) and Key Project of Outstanding Young Talent Support Program in Universities of Anhui Province (Grant No. gxyqZD2016025). We thank Prof. Shuijin Hu in the USA for helpful comments on the text and English revision.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bei-Bei Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cheng Yang
    • 1
  • Zong-Yuan Shao
    • 1
  • Hao Wang
    • 1
  • Shu-Ting Zan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Meng Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shou-Biao Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ru-Yi Yang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringAnhui Normal UniversityWuhuChina
  2. 2.Anhui Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Water and Soil Pollution Control and RemediationAnhui Normal UniversityWuhuChina

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