Arsenic Removal of Contaminated Soils by Phytoremediation of Vetiver Grass, Chara Algae and Water Hyacinth

  • Mohammad Milad TaleeiEmail author
  • Narjessadat Karbalaei Ghomi
  • Seyed Ali Jozi


This research has been carried out for assessing phytoremediation of contaminated soils with 4 concentrations of arsenic by three plants, namely Vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides), Chara algae (Chara vulgaris) and Water hyacinth (Hyacintus orientalis). The experimental results showed that at least two sampling times were significantly different. In addition, at least two plants were also significantly different in terms of percentages of total arsenic that were removed from the soil of the pots, as well as significant interactions between plant and arsenic concentrations. The results obtained from the thermodynamic studies show that, obtained by zero Gibbs free-energy, the process reached an equilibrium on the 60th day of the experiment, and, in fact, the adsorption of arsenic after the 60th day would be negligible.


Arsenic Contaminated Soils Phytoremediation Vetiver grass Chara algae Water hyacinth 



Greenhouse temperature in centigrade and Kelvin degrees,


Air pressure of greenhouse in mbar and Paskal,






Gibbs free-energy


Evaporation heat



We need to acknowledge Prof. A. Taleei for his kind providing fund and Greenhouse facilities for carrying out this research work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Milad Taleei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Narjessadat Karbalaei Ghomi
    • 2
  • Seyed Ali Jozi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, North Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Industries, Faculty of Chemistry, North Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Environment, Faculty of Engineering, North Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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