Copper Bioaccumulation Kinetics in Swan Mussel, Anodonta cygnea (Linnaeus, 1758) During Waterborne Exposure to CuO Nanoparticles

  • Fateh MoëzziEmail author
  • Seyyed Aliakbar Hedayati
  • Amir Ghadermarzi


This study was conducted to investigate bioaccumulation of copper in two internal organs (mantle and foot) of swan mussel, Anodonta cygnea (Linnaeus, 1758) in exposure to copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs). Basal concentration of Cu in the mantle (3.15 ± 1.09 µg g−1 DW) was significantly (p < 0.05) lower than the foot (5.43 ± 1.54 µg g−1 DW). At the end of the exposure period, the highest concentration of Cu in both organs belonged to the highest exposure concentration. Calculated bioconcentration factor (BCF) values showed significant (p < 0.05) higher values for the mantle in each day and each exposure concentration (except the lowest exposure concentration) than the foot. For both organs, the highest and lowest BCFs occurred at the lowest and highest exposure concentrations, respectively. Cu concentration in both organs was significantly (p < 0.05) decreased after day 4. Based on the results, it was obvious that exposure to sub-lethal concentrations of CuO NPs would lead to the significant accumulation of copper in mantle and foot that may have adverse effects on this organism.


Bivalves Nanotoxicology Internal organs Freshwater Bioaccumulation 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural ResourcesUniversity of TehranKarajIran
  2. 2.Department of Aquatic Production and Exploitation, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental SciencesGorgan UniversityGorganIran

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