Bioaccumulation of Total Mercury (THg) in Catfish (Siluriformes, Ariidae) with Different Sexual Maturity from Cananéia-Iguape Estuary, SP, Brazil

  • Giulliana D. Pecoraro
  • Marcos A. Hortellani
  • Yuri S. Hagiwara
  • Elisabete S. Braga
  • Jorge E. Sarkis
  • Juliana S. AzevedoEmail author


In order to improve the knowledge of total mercury (THg) bioaccumulation in bioindicator species of sea catfish (Siluriformes, Ariidae) and taking into account the relatively recent approach with respect to estuarine fish on the Brazilian coast, 65 individuals were caught in the northern and southern regions of the Cananeia estuary to determine the concentration of the THg in muscles, gills, gonads and kidney of the Cathorops spixii and Genidens genidens specimens. The difference in the THg accumulation associated to the maturity of the catfish reflects a differential metabolism regarding THg bioaccumulation in adults (males and females) and juveniles. These observations reinforce the importance of considering the maturity of the individual in order to understand the bioaccumulation and metabolism of fish under different environmental stress and conditions. Furthermore, abiotic conditions such as salinity should be evaluated in association with metabolic/biological conditions of the fish’s bioindicators, especially in environments with large natural or anthropogenic transition gradients.


Metabolism Tissues Ecotoxicological thresholds Maturity Total mercury 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed

Research Involving Animal and Human Participants

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018
Corrected publication 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giulliana D. Pecoraro
    • 1
  • Marcos A. Hortellani
    • 2
  • Yuri S. Hagiwara
    • 1
  • Elisabete S. Braga
    • 3
  • Jorge E. Sarkis
    • 2
  • Juliana S. Azevedo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental, Chemical and Pharmaceutical SciencesFederal University of São PauloDiademaBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Energy and Nuclear ResearchSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Institute of OceanographyUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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