Advertisement

Pyrolysis Temperature-Dependent Changes in the Characteristics of Biochar-Borne Dissolved Organic Matter and Its Copper Binding Properties

  • Jing Wei
  • Chen Tu
  • Guodong YuanEmail author
  • Dongxue Bi
  • Hailong Wang
  • Lijuan Zhang
  • Benny K. G. Theng
Article

Abstract

The dissolved organic matter (DOM) samples from biochars produced from Jerusalem artichoke stalks by pyrolysis at 300, 500, and 700 °C were characterized using a combination of spectroscopic techniques. Additionally, the binding affinities (long KM) and the complexation capacities (CL) of the DOM samples with Cu(II) were calculated to assess their Cu binding properties. The biochar-borne DOM contained mainly humic-like components (C1–C3) with a small amount of a protein-like component (C4). As the charring temperature increased, the concentrations of released DOM decreased. The low temperature biochar-borne DOM was found to have more carboxyl groups than its high temperature counterparts, and thus it had larger CL values. In contrast, the high temperature biochar-borne DOM had larger long KM values. Low temperature biochars, if applied in a large quantity, would alter copper mobility in the environment because of their high DOM contents and large copper binding capacities.

Keywords

Biochar DOM EEM PARAFAC C K-NEXAFS Copper-binding 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41501522), the Chinese National Key Research and Development Program (2016YFD0200303 and 2016YFE0106400), and the National High Technology Research and Development Program (2012AA06A204-4).

References

  1. Harvey OR, Herbert BE, Kuo LJ, Louchouarn P (2012) Generalized two-dimensional perturbation correlation infrared spectroscopy reveals mechanisms for the development of surface charge and cecalcitrance in plant-derived biochars. Environ Sci Technol 46:10641–10650.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es302971d CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Heymann K, Lehmann J, Solomon D, Liang B, Neves E, Wirick S (2014) Can functional group composition of alkaline isolates from black carbon-rich soils be identified on a sub-100 nm scale? Geoderma 235–236:163–169.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.07.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hu B, Wang PF, Wang C, Qian J, Hou J, Cui XA, Zhang NN (2017) The effect of anthropogenic impoundment on dissolved organic matter characteristics and copper binding affinity: Insights from fluorescence spectroscopy. Chemosphere 188:424–433.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.09.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ishii SKL, Boyer TH (2012) Behavior of reoccurring PARAFAC components in fluorescent dissolved organic matter in natural and engineered systems: A critical review. Environ Sci Technol 46:2006–2017.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es2043504 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jaffe R, Ding Y, Niggemann J, Vahatalo AV, Stubbins A, Spencer RGM, Campbell J, Dittmar T (2013) Global charcoal mobilization from soils via dissolution and riverine transport to the oceans. Science 340:345–347.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1231476 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jamieson T, Sager E, Gueguen C (2014) Characterization of biochar-derived dissolved organic matter using UV-visible absorption and excitation-emission fluorescence spectroscopies. Chemosphere 103:197–204.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.11.066 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Keiluweit M, Nico PS, Johnson MG, Kleber M (2010) Dynamic molecular structure of plant biomass-derived black carbon (biochar). Environ Sci Technol 44:1247–1253.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es9031419 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Li M, Zhang AF, Wu HM, Liu H, Lv JL (2017) Predicting potential release of dissolved organic matter from biochars derived from agricultural residues using fluorescence and ultraviolet absorbance. J Hazard Mater 334:86–92.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.03.064 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lin Y, Munroe P, Joseph S, Henderson R, Ziolkowski A (2012) Water extractable organic carbon in untreated and chemical treated biochars. Chemosphere 87:151–157.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lin Q, Xu X, Chen Q, Fang J, Shen XD, Zhang LJ (2018) Changes in structural characteristics and metal speciation for biochar exposure in typic udic ferrisols. Environ Sci Pollut R 25:153–162.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8634-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Luo L, Lv JT, Chen Z, Huang RX, Zhang SZ (2017) Insights into the attenuated sorption of organic compounds on black carbon aged in soil. Environ Pollut 231:1469–1476.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Luster J, Lloyd T, Sposito G, Fry IV (1996) Multi-wavelength molecular fluorescence spectrometry for quantitative characterization of copper(II) and aluminum(III) complexation by dissolved organic matter. Environ Sci Technol 30:1565–1574 doi.  https://doi.org/10.1021/Es950542u CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mehmood S, Rizwan M, Bashir S, Ditta A, Aziz O, Yong LZ, Dai ZH, Akmal M, Ahmed W, Adeel M (2018) Comparative Effects of Biochar, Slag and Ferrous-Mn Ore on Lead and Cadmium Immobilization in Soil. B Environ Contam Tox 100:286–292.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-017-2222-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Meng FD, Yuan GD, Wei J, Bi DX, Wang HL (2017) Leonardite-derived humic substances are great adsorbents for cadmium. Environ Sci Pollut R 24:23006–23014.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9947-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Qu X, Fu H, Mao J, Ran Y, Zhang D, Zhu D (2016) Chemical and structural properties of dissolved black carbon released from biochars. Carbon 96:759–767.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2015.09.106 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schumacher M (2005) Microheterogeneity of soil organic matter investigated by C-1 s NEXAFS spectroscopy and X-ray microscopy. Dissertation, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ZurichGoogle Scholar
  17. Shu R, Wang YJ, Zhong H (2016) Biochar amendment reduced methylmercury accumulation in rice plants. J Hazard Mater 33:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.03.080 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Singh B, Fang YY, Cowie BCC, Thomsen L (2014) NEXAFS and XPS characterisation of carbon functional groups of fresh and aged biochars. Org Geochem 77:1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2014.09.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Solomon D et al (2012) Micro- and nano-environments of C sequestration in soil: A multi-elemental STXM-NEXAFS assessment of black C and organomineral associations. Sci Total Environ 438:372–388.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.08.071 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Uchimiya M, Lima IM, Klasson KT, Wartelle LH (2010) Contaminant immobilization and nutrient release by biochar soil amendment: Roles of natural organic matter. Chemosphere 80:935–940.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.05.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Uchimiya M, Ohno T, He ZQ (2013) Pyrolysis temperature-dependent release of dissolved organic carbon from plant, manure, and biorefinery wastes. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 104:84–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2013.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Uchimiya M, Liu ZZ, Sistani K (2016) Field-scale fluorescence fingerprinting of biochar-borne dissolved organic carbon. J Environ Manage 169:184–190.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.12.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wei J, Han L, Song J, Chen MF (2015) Evaluation of the interactions between water extractable soil organic matter and metal cations (Cu(II), Eu(III)) using Excitation–Emission matrix combined with parallel factor analysis. Int J Mol Sci 16:14464–14476.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160714464 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Xiao X, Chen BL, Zhu LZ (2014) Transformation, morphology, and dissolution of silicon and carbon in rice straw-derived biochars under different pyrolytic temperatures. Environ Sci Technol 48:3411–3419.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es405676h CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research (YIC)Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)YantaiChina
  2. 2.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental ProcessesYICCASYantaiChina
  3. 3.School of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringZhaoqing UniversityZhaoqingChina
  4. 4.School of Environment and Chemical EngineeringFoshan UniversityFoshanChina
  5. 5.Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Shanghai Institute of Applied PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  6. 6.Landcare ResearchPalmerston NorthNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations