Development and Validation of a Sensitive Method for Trace Nickel Determination by Slotted Quartz Tube Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry After Dispersive Liquid–Liquid Microextraction

  • Şükran Melda Yolcu
  • Merve Fırat
  • Dotse Selali Chormey
  • Çağdaş Büyükpınar
  • Fatma Turak
  • Sezgin Bakırdere
Article

Abstract

In this study, dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction was systematically optimized for the preconcentration of nickel after forming a complex with diphenylcarbazone. The measurement output of the flame atomic absorption spectrometer was further enhanced by fitting a custom-cut slotted quartz tube to the flame burner head. The extraction method increased the amount of nickel reaching the flame and the slotted quartz tube increased the residence time of nickel atoms in the flame to record higher absorbance. Two methods combined to give about 90 fold enhancement in sensitivity over the conventional flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimized method was applicable over a wide linear concentration range, and it gave a detection limit of 2.1 µg L−1. Low relative standard deviations at the lowest concentration in the linear calibration plot indicated high precision for both extraction process and instrumental measurements. A coal fly ash standard reference material (SRM 1633c) was used to determine the accuracy of the method, and experimented results were compatible with the certified value. Spiked recovery tests were also used to validate the applicability of the method.

Keywords

Nickel Waste water DLLME SQT FAAS 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge that there is no ethical concern in this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Alothman ZA, Habila MA, Yilmaz E, Soylak M, Alfadul SM (2016) Ultrasonic supramolecular microextration of nickel (II) as N,N′-dihydroxy-1,2-cyclohexanediimine chelates from water, tobacco and fertilizer samples before FAAS determination. J Mol Liq 221:773–777 doi.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.06.053 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ATSDR (2005) Toxicological profile for nickel. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta (GA)Google Scholar
  3. Bakırdere S, Chormey DS, Büyükpınar Ç, San N, Keyf S (2016) Determination of lead in drinking and wastewater by hydride generation atomic absorption. Spectrom Anal Lett 49:1917–1925.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2015.1127380 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Büyükpınar Ç, Maltepe E, Chormey DS, San N, Bakırdere S (2017) Determination of nickel in water and soil samples at trace levels using photochemical vapor generation-batch type ultrasonication assisted gas liquid separator-atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchem J 132:167–171 doi.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2017.01.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chormey DS, Büyükpınar Ç, Turak F, Komesli OT, Bakırdere S (2017) Simultaneous determination of selected hormones, endocrine disruptor compounds, and pesticides in water medium at trace levels by GC-MS after dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction. Environ Monit Assess 189:277.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6003-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. de Lima BB, Conte RA, Nunes CA (2003) Analysis of nickel–niobium alloys by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Talanta 59:89–93.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(02)00471-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Demirtaş İ, Bakırdere S, Ataman OY (2015) Lead determination at ng/mL level by flame atomic absorption spectrometry using a tantalum coated slotted quartz tube atom trap. Talanta 138:218–224.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2015.02.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Escudero LA, Blanchet AJ, Sombra LL, Salonia JA, Gasquez JA (2014) Determination of the total and extractable fraction of Ni in lake sediments and natural waters of San Luis (Argentina) by FAAS using a simple solid phase extraction system. Microchem J 116:92–97.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2014.04.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fırat M et al (2017) Determination of trace amount of cadmium using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction-slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Spectrochim Acta Part B 129:37–41.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sab.2017.01.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fouad HK, Atrees MS, Badawy WI (2016) Development of spectrophotometric determination of beryllium in beryl minerals using chrome Azurol S Arabian. J Chem 9:S235-S239.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2011.03.012 Google Scholar
  11. Jain R, Singh R (2016) Microextraction techniques for analysis of cannabinoids. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 80:156–166.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2016.03.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kanchi S, Sabela MI, Singh P, Bisetty K (2017) Multivariate optimization of differential pulse polarographic–catalytic hydrogen wave technique for the determination of nickel(II) in real samples. Arabian J Chem 10:S2260-S2272.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.07.061 Google Scholar
  13. Klein C, Costa M (2014) Nickel. In: Nordberg G, Fowler B, Nordberg M (eds) Handbook on the toxicology of metals, vol 1, 4th edn. Academic Press, Amsterdam, p 1093Google Scholar
  14. Kocot K, Pytlakowska K, Zawisza B, Sitko R (2016) How to detect metal species preconcentrated by microextraction techniques? TrAC Trends Anal Chem 82:412–424.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2016.07.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Matos Reyes MN, Campos RC (2006) Determination of copper and nickel in vegetable oils by direct sampling graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Talanta 70:929–932.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2006.05.055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nunes JA, Batista BL, Rodrigues JL, Caldas NM, Neto JAG, Barbosa F (2010) A simple method based on ICP-MS for estimation of background levels of arsenic, cadmium, copper, manganese, nickel, lead, and selenium in blood of the brazilian population. J Toxicol Environ Health Part A 73:878–887.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15287391003744807 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Özzeybek G, Erarpat S, Chormey DS, Fırat M, Büyükpınar Ç, Turak F, Bakırdere S (2017) Sensitive determination of copper in water samples using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction-slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchem J 132:406–410.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2017.02.031 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Piankova LA, Malakhova NA, Stozhko NY, Brainina KZ, Murzakaev AM, Timoshenkova OR (2011) Bismuth nanoparticles in adsorptive stripping voltammetry of nickel. Electrochem Commun 13:981–984.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2011.06.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rezaee M, Assadi Y, Milani Hosseini M-R, Aghaee E, Ahmadi F, Berijani S (2006) Determination of organic compounds in water using dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction. J Chromatogr A 1116:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rutkowska M, Dubalska K, Konieczka P, Namieśnik J (2014) Microextraction techniques used in the procedures for determining organomercury and organotin compounds. Environ Samples Mol 19:7581Google Scholar
  21. Turan NB, Chormey DS, Büyükpınar Ç, Engin GO, Bakirdere S (2017) Quorum sensing: little talks for an effective bacterial coordination. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 91:1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2017.03.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Şükran Melda Yolcu
    • 1
  • Merve Fırat
    • 1
  • Dotse Selali Chormey
    • 1
  • Çağdaş Büyükpınar
    • 1
  • Fatma Turak
    • 1
  • Sezgin Bakırdere
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryYıldız Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations