Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

An Analytical Investigation of Ozone Episodes in Bangu, Rio de Janeiro


This study investigated the potential factors that contribute to frequent high levels of ozone as well as ozone episodes in Bangu, one of the most critical areas in the city of Rio de Janeiro regarding ozone levels. For 74 days in a two-year period (10.3%), the national air quality standard was exceeded. For the same period, a total of 378 days (51.8%) had ozone concentrations that were between 80 and 160 µg m−3. A statistical analysis of pollutant concentrations and meteorological data as well as a kinetic and mechanistic analysis of VOC reactivity showed that the high ozone concentrations did not seem to be closely related to local emissions but, rather, were related to pollutant transport and triggered by photochemical activity. The mountains in the southern and northern part of the district contribute to the increase of surface temperatures and the accumulation of pollutants. The VOC/NOx ratios corresponded to a VOC-limited process.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2


  1. Arsic M, Nikolic D, Djordjevic P, Mihajlovic I, Zivkovic Z (2011) Episodes of extremely high concentrations of tropospheric ozone in the urban environment in Boor-Serbia. Atmos Environ 45:5716–5724

  2. Carter WPL (2010) Development of the SAPRC-07 chemical mechanism. Atmos Environ 44:5324–5335

  3. Carter WPL (2016) http://www.engr.ucr.edu/~carter/SAPRC/. Accessed 10 Nov 2016

  4. Cheng Wl, Lai LW, Den W, Wang SY, Lin Pl, Pai CY (2012) An analytical investigation of a sequence of unusual springtime ozone episodes over metropolitan Taichung in 2007. Meteorol Atmos Phys 117:153–166

  5. DETRAN (2016) http://www.detran.rj.gov.br/_estatisticas.veiculos/07.asp. Accessed 10 Nov 2016

  6. Dominguez-Lopez D, Vaca F, Hernández-Ceballos MA, Bolívar JP (2015) Identification and characterization of regional ozone episodes in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Atmos Environ 103:276–288

  7. Finlayson-Pitts BJ, Pitts JN Jr (2000) Chemistry of the upper and lower atmosphere: theory, experiments and applications. Elsevier Inc. San Diego

  8. Gery MW, Crouse RR (1990) User’s guide for executing OZIPR, USEPA. Research Triangle Park, Durham

  9. IBGE (2016) http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/xtras/perfil.php?codmun=330455. Accessed 10 Nov 2016

  10. INEA (2016) Instituto Estadual do Meio Ambiente (State Environment Institute), Inventário de emissões de fontes veiculares da Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro ANO-BASE 2013

  11. Martins EM, Arbilla G (2003) Computer modeling study of ethanol and aldehyde reactivities in Rio de Janeiro urban air. Atmos Environ 37:1715–1722

  12. Martins EM, Nunes ACL, Correa SM (2015) Understanding ozone concentrations during weekdays and weekends in the urban area of the city of Rio de Janeiro. J Braz Chem Soc 26:1967–1975. Meteorol Atmos Phys 117:153–166

  13. MMA (1990) Ministerio do Meio Ambiente (Ministry of the Environment), 1990. Resolution CONAMA n o 3, 28/06/1990, Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente

  14. R PROJECT (2017) R Project for statistical computing. https://www.r-project.org/. Accessed 10 Nov 2016

  15. Silva CM, Souza ECCA, da Silva LL, Oliveira RL, Corrêa SM, Arbilla G (2016a) Volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere of the Botanical Garden of the city of Rio de Janeiro. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 97:653–658

  16. Silva CM, da Silva LL, Corrêa SM, Arbilla G (2016b) Kinetic and mechanistic reactivity. Isoprene impact on ozone levels in an urban area near Tijuca Forest, Rio de Janeiro. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 97:781–785

  17. Silva CM, Souza ECCA, da Silva LL, Oliveira RL, Arbilla G, Corrêa SM (2016c) Avaliação da eficiência do Método TO-15 para determinação de compostos orgânicos voláteis em condições típicas de ambiente urbano. Quim Nova 39:1245–1253

  18. Silva DMN, Martins EM, Corrêa SM (2016d) Role of carbonyls and aromatics in the formation of tropospheric ozone in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Environ Monit Assess 188:289

  19. SMAC (2016) Secretaria Municipal de Meio Ambiente (Municipal Secretary of Environment)

  20. USEPA (2016) https://www3.epa.gov/ttnamti1/airtox.html. Accessed 10 Nov 2016

Download references


The study was funded in part by FAPERJ, CNPq, CAPES and CENPES/Petrobras. The authors also acknowledge data provided by SMAC and the collaboration of Prof. Sergio Machado Corrêa, who kindly wrote the R scripts.

Author information

Correspondence to Graciela Arbilla.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Geraldino, C.G.P., Martins, E.M., da Silva, C.M. et al. An Analytical Investigation of Ozone Episodes in Bangu, Rio de Janeiro. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 98, 632–637 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-017-2041-6

Download citation


  • Ozone episodes
  • Volatile organic compounds
  • VOC/NOx ratios
  • Meteorological parameters