Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Influence of Fishing Technique on Organochlorine Pesticide Accumulation in Fish and its Possible Human Health Risk in the Republic of Bénin


In Bénin different techniques are used for large-scale commercial fishing, Acadjas (enclosures constructed in the river) and Whédos (holes made in the river banks). This study aimed at assessing the extent of contamination related to these fishing techniques. Fish contained residues of DDT and its metabolites, α-endosulfan, dieldrin, aldrin, endrin and lindane. Pesticide levels were similar in fish from Acadjas and Whédos, except for higher α-endosulfan levels in fish from the Whédos. Comparing pesticide intake levels through fish consumption with tolerable daily intake levels showed that in all cases risk for human health is low.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Adeyemi D, Ukpo G, Anyakora C, Unyimadu JP (2008) Organochlorine pesticide residues in fish samples from Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Am J Environ Sci 4:649–653

  2. Afful S, Anim AK, Serfor-Armah Y (2010) Spectrum of organochlorine pesticide residues in fish samples from the Densu Basin. Res J Environ Earth Sci 2:133–138

  3. Begum A, Harikrishna S, Khan I (2009) A survey of persistant organochlorine pesticides residues in some streams of the Cauvery River, Karnataka, India. Int J Chemtech Res 1:237–244

  4. Biego GHM, Yao KD, Ezoua P, Kouadio LP (2010) Assessment of organochlorine pesticides residues in fish sold in Abidjan markets and fishing sites. Afr J Food Agric Nutr Dev 10:2305–2323

  5. Colombani J, Sircoulon J, Moniod F, Rodier J (1972) Monographie du delta de l’Ouémé (1) ORSTOM. Paris, p 200

  6. Darko G, Akoto O, Oppong C (2008) Persistent organochlorine pesticide residues in fish, sediments and water from lake Bosomtwi, Ghana. Chemosphere 72:21–24

  7. Dem SB, Cobb JM, Mullins DE (2007) Pesticide residues in soil and water from four cotton growing areas of Mali, West Africa. J Agric Food Environ Sci 1:1–12

  8. Essumang DK, Togoh GK, Chokky L (2009) Pesticide residues in water and fish (Lagoon tilapia) samples from lagoons in Ghana. Bull Chem Soc Ethiopia 23:19–27

  9. Fianko JR, Donkor A, Lowor ST, Yeboah PO, Glover ET, Adom T, Faanu A (2011) Health risk associated with pesticide contamination of fish from the Densu River basin in Ghana. J Environ Prot 2:115–123

  10. Gitahi SM, Harper DM, Muchiri SM, Tole MP, Ng’ang’a RN (2002) Organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticide concentrations in water, sediment, and selected organisms in Lake Naivasha (Kenya). Hydrobiologia 488:123–128

  11. Kidd KA, Bootsma HA, Hesslein RH, Muir DCG, Hecky RE (2001) Biomagnification of DDT through the benthic and pelagic food webs of Lake Malawi, East Africa: importance of trophic level and carbon source. Environ Sci Technol 35:14–20

  12. Laabs V, Wehrhan A, Pinto A, Dores E, Amelung W (2007) Pesticide fate in tropical wetlands of Brazil: an aquatic microcosm study under semi-field conditions. Chemosphere 67:975–989

  13. Lalèyè P (2000) Acadja fisheries enhancement systems in Bénin: their productivity, environmental, impacts. In: Abban EK, Casal CMV, Dugan P, Falk TM (eds.), The World Fish Center/ICLARM, Biodiversity, sustainable use of fish in the coastal zone. ICLARM Conf. Proc., vol. 63. pp 51–52

  14. Lalèyè P, Chikou A, Niyonkuru C, Moreau J (2001) The Acadjas in Lake Nokoué and Porto–Novo lagoon (Bénin, West Africa): Influence of an artificial substrat on natural fish populations: a quantitative analysis. In: proceedings of the 2nd symposium for the European freshwater SEFS2, Toulouse, 8–13 July 2001

  15. Roche H, Tidou A, Persic A (2007) Organochlorine pesticides and biomarker responses in two fishes Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus (Lacepède 1803) and an invertebrate, Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Herklot 1857), from the Lake Taabo (Côte d’Ivoire). J Appl Sci 7:3860–3869

  16. Van der Oost R, Opperhuizen A, Satumalay K, Heida H, Vermeulen NPE (1996) Biomonitoring aquatic pollution with feral eel (Anguilla anguilla).1. Bioaccumulation: biota-sediment ratios of PCBs, OCPs, PCDDs and PCDFs. Aquatic Toxicol 35:21–46

  17. Van Gestel CAM, Jonker MJ, Kammenga JE, Laskowski R, Svendsen C (eds) (2011) Mixture toxicity. Linking approaches from ecological and human toxicology. SETAC Press, Pensacola

  18. WHO (2004) Chemical fact sheets of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (ICPS) of the World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva. www.who.int/entity/water_sanitation_health/dwq/en/gdwq3_12.pdf. Accessed 9 Dec 2012

  19. Yehouenou A. Pazou E, Lalèyè P, Boko M, Van Gestel CA, Ahissou H, Akpona S, Van Hattum B, Swart K, Van Straalen NM (2006) Contamination of fish by organochlorine pesticide residues in the Ouémé River catchment in the Republic of Bénin. Environ Int 32:594–599

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Cornelis A. M. van Gestel.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yehouenou A. Pazou, E., Azehoun, J.P., Ahoyo, T. et al. Influence of Fishing Technique on Organochlorine Pesticide Accumulation in Fish and its Possible Human Health Risk in the Republic of Bénin. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 91, 278–282 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-013-1054-z

Download citation


  • Human health risk
  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • Fish culture techniques
  • Human exposure