Advertisement

Social capital and psychosis: a scoping review

  • Martin RotenbergEmail author
  • Kelly K. Anderson
  • Kwame McKenzie
Review

Abstract

Purpose

Social capital has been studied as a risk factor for psychotic disorders. The purpose of this scoping review was to scope the literature and synthesize findings on the association between social capital and psychosis.

Methods

Three electronic databases were searched to identify relevant studies. Studies were included if they examined the association between social capital and either diagnosed psychotic disorders or symptoms of psychosis.

Results

Of 191 studies reviewed, 12 met the inclusion criteria. Ten studies measured social capital at the ecological level. Seven studies focused on risk of psychotic disorders or symptoms of psychosis, three studies focused on course of psychotic illness, and two studies focused on both risk and course of illness. A variety of social capital measures were used including scales, surveys, and census-based measures. The association between social capital and both the incidence of psychosis and patterns of service use varied based on measures used and study population. There was no association between social capital and recovery or duration of untreated illness.

Conclusions

Prior literature has examined the impact of social capital on the incidence of psychotic disorders, as well as symptoms and course of illness. Based on the scant literature to date, it is difficult to make firm conclusions regarding the role of social capital in psychotic disorders. Heterogeneous measures of social capital make comparisons between studies challenging. Further specificity in measuring and defining dimensions of social capital is required for meaningful study of social capital and its association with psychotic disorders.

Keywords

Course of illness Incidence Psychosis Schizophrenia-spectrum disorders Scoping review Social capital 

Notes

Funding

This scoping review was not funded by any agencies or institutions.

Sources of funding for included sources: Binbay et al. 2012 – The Scientific and Technological Council of Turkey, Psychiatric Association of Turkey, European Community’s Seventh Framework Program; Drukker et al. 2006 – Maastricht local authorities; Freeman et al. 2011 – Medical Research Council, Department of Health (UK); Heslin et al. 2018 – National Institute for Health Research, Welcome Trust, Royal Society; Kirkbride et al. 2007 – Medical Research Council, Stanley Medical Research Institute; Kirkbride et al. 2008 – Medical Research Council, Welcome Trust, Stanley Medical Research Institute; Lofors & Sundquist 2007 – National Institutes of Health, Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research, Swedish Research Council, the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Stockholm County Council.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

127_2019_1812_MOESM1_ESM.docx (66 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 65 kb)
127_2019_1812_MOESM2_ESM.docx (105 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 105 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    McKenzie K, Harpham T (2006) Social capital and mental health. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Moore S, Kawachi I (2017) Twenty years of social capital and health research: a glossary. J Epidemiol Community Health 71(5):513–517.  https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2016-208313 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ehsan A, Klaas HS, Bastianen A, Spini D (2019) Social capital and health: a systematic review of systematic reviews. SSM Popul Health 8:100425.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SSMPH.2019.100425 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    McKenzie K, Whitley R, Weich S (2002) Social capital and mental health. Br J Psychiatry 181(4):280–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Putnam Robert D (2000) Bowling alone: the collapse and revival of American community. Simon and Shuster, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Villalonga-Olives E, Kawachi I (2015) The measurement of social capital. Gac Sanit 29(1):62–64.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.GACETA.2014.09.006 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ehsan AM, De Silva MJ (2015) Social capital and common mental disorder: a systematic review. J Epidemiol Community Health 69(10):1021–1028.  https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205868 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    De Silva MJ, McKenzie K, Harpham T, Huttly SRA (2005) Social capital and mental illness: a systematic review. J Epidemiol Community Health 59(8):619–627.  https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2004.029678 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Henderson S, Whiteford H (2003) Social capital and mental health. Lancet 362(9383):505–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    O’Donoghue B, Roche E, Lane A (2016) Neighbourhood level social deprivation and the risk of psychotic disorders: a systematic review. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 51(7):941–950.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-016-1233-4 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Uphoff EP, Pickett KE, Cabieses B, Small N, Wright J (2013) A systematic review of the relationships between social capital and socioeconomic inequalities in health: a contribution to understanding the psychosocial pathway of health inequalities. Int J Equity Health 12:54.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-12-54 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kingsbury M, Clayborne Z, Colman I, Kirkbride JB (2019) The protective effect of neighbourhood social cohesion on adolescent mental health following stressful life events. Psychol Med.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719001235 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Almedom AM (2005) Social capital and mental health: an interdisciplinary review of primary evidence. Soc Sci Med 61(5):943–964.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.12.025 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Arksey H, O’Malley L (2005) Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. Int J Soc Res Methodol 8(1):19–32.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Levac D, Colquhoun H, O’Brien KK (2010) Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implement Sci 5(1):69.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-5-69 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Munn Z, Peters MDJ, Stern C, Tufanaru C, McArthur A, Aromataris E (2018) Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol 18(1):143.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, O’Brien KK, Colquhoun H, Levac D et al (2018) PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation. Ann Intern Med 169(7):467.  https://doi.org/10.7326/M18-0850 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sharma-Gopinath R (2010) Ecological study of psychotic disorders in guam: exploring social risk factors. Alliant International University, California School of Professional Psychology, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lofors J, Sundquist K (2007) Low-linking social capital as a predictor of mental disorders: a cohort study of 4.5 million Swedes. Soc Sci Med 64(1):21–34.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.08.024 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kirkbride JB, Morgan C, Fearon P, Dazzan P, Murray RM, Jones PB (2007) Neighbourhood-level effects on psychoses: re-examining the role of context. Psychol Med 37(10):1413–1425.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291707000499 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kirkbride JB, Boydell J, Ploubidis GB, Morgan C, Dazzan P, McKenzie K et al (2008) Testing the association between the incidence of schizophrenia and social capital in an urban area. Psychol Med 38(8):1083–1094.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291707002085 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schneider J, Arthur A, Doody G, Simpson J, Jones P (2009) Individual social capital and psychosis: secondary analysis of AESOP data for Nottingham. Mental Health Rev J 14(3):4–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Freeman D, McManus S, Brugha T, Meltzer H, Jenkins R, Bebbington P (2011) Concomitants of paranoia in the general population. Psychol Med 41(5):923–936.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291710001546 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Binbay T, Drukker M, Alptekin K, Elbi H, Tanık FA, Özkınay F et al (2012) Evidence that the wider social environment moderates the association between familial liability and psychosis spectrum outcome. Psychol Med 42(12):2499–2510.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291712000700 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rosenheck R, Morrissey J, Lam J, Calloway M, Stolar M, Johnsen M et al (2001) Service delivery and community: social capital, service systems integration, and outcomes among homeless persons with severe mental illness. Health Serv Res 36(4):691–710PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Brusilovskiy E, Salzer MS (2012) A study of environmental influences on the well-being of individuals with psychiatric disabilities in Philadelphia, PA. Soc Sci Med 74(10):1591–1601.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.01.033 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Heslin M, Khondoker M, Shetty H, Pritchard M, Jones PB, Osborn D et al (2018) Inpatient use and area-level socio-environmental factors in people with psychosis. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-018-1534-x CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Drukker M, Krabbendam L, Driessen G, van Os J (2006) Social disadvantage and schizophrenia. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41(8):595–604.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-006-0081-z CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    O’Donoghue B, Lyne JP, Renwick L, Lane A, Madigan K, Staines A et al (2016) Neighbourhood characteristics and the incidence of first-episode psychosis and duration of untreated psychosis. Psychol Med 46(7):1367–1378.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S003329171500286X CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sandi C, Haller J (2015) Stress and the social brain: behavioural effects and neurobiological mechanisms. Nat Rev Neurosci 16(5):290–304.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn3918 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lederbogen F, Kirsch P, Haddad L, Streit F, Tost H, Schuch P et al (2011) City living and urban upbringing affect neural social stress processing in humans. Nature 474(7352):498–501.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10190 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Akdeniz C, Tost H, Streit F, Haddad L, Wüst S, Schäfer A et al (2014) Neuroimaging evidence for a role of neural social stress processing in ethnic minority-associated environmental risk. JAMA Psychiatry 71(6):672.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.35 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Anderson KK, Cheng J, Susser E, McKenzie KJ, Kurdyak P (2015) Incidence of psychotic disorders among first-generation immigrants and refugees in Ontario. Can Med Assoc J 187(9):E279–E286.  https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.141420 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Statistics Canada (2016) Reasons for not voting in the federal election, October 19, 2015Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Suvisaari J, Opler M, Lindbohm M-L, Sallmén M (2014) Risk of schizophrenia and minority status: a comparison of the Swedish-speaking minority and the Finnish-speaking majority in Finland. Schizophr Res 159(2–3):303–308.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2014.09.014 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Bosqui TJ, Hoy K, Shannon C (2014) A systematic review and meta-analysis of the ethnic density effect in psychotic disorders. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 49(4):519–529.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0773-0 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Becares L, Nazroo J (2013) Social capital, ethnic density and mental health among ethnic minority people in England: a mixed-methods study. Ethnicity Health 18(6):544–562.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13557858.2013.828831 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Eliacin J (2013) Social capital, narratives of fragmentation, and schizophrenia: an ethnographic exploration of factors shaping African-Caribbeans’ social capital and mental health in a North London community. Cult Med Psychiatry 37(3):465–487.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11013-013-9322-2 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Villalonga-Olives E, Kawachi I (2017) The dark side of social capital: a systematic review of the negative health effects of social capital. Soc Sci Med 194:105–127.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SOCSCIMED.2017.10.020 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Agampodi TC, Agampodi SB, Glozier N, Siribaddana S (2015) Measurement of social capital in relation to health in low and middle income countries (LMIC): a systematic review. Soc Sci Med 128:95–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.01.005 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Lora A, Kohn R, Levav I, McBain R, Morris J, Saxena S (2012) Service availability and utilization and treatment gap for schizophrenic disorders: a survey in 50 low- and middle-income countries. Bull World Health Organ 90:47B–54B.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862012000100012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    DeVylder JE, Kelleher I, Lalane M, Oh H, Link BG, Koyanagi A (2018) Association of urbanicity with psychosis in low- and middle-income countries. JAMA Psychiatry.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0577 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Jongsma HE, Gayer-Anderson C, Lasalvia A, Quattrone D, Mulè A, Szöke A et al (2018) Treated incidence of psychotic disorders in the multinational EU-GEI study. JAMA Psychiatry 75(1):36.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.3554 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)TorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and DentistryThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry, Schulich School of Medicine and DentistryThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

Personalised recommendations