Forced migration-related traumatic experiences and collective memory in Ezidi asylum-seekers coming to Diyarbakir province from Shingal region

  • Hasan Öztürk
  • Azad GünderciEmail author
  • Atilla Tekin
Original Paper



The purpose of this study was to investigate the collective memory of Ezidi asylum-seekers who migrated from Iraq to Turkey in 2014.


Kurdish-speaking Ezidi participants of 25–65 years of age (ten male and ten female) who have arrived to Fidanlık Camp in Diyarbakır, Turkey from the Iraqi Shingal region have been included in the study. Data were collected through semi-structured in depth interviews and qualitative content analysis was conducted on the collected data.


The word “edict”, which was used to define violent attacks, had a significant importance in all participants’ memories. The collective memory observed in the Ezidi society leads a collective fear. Homelessness and religious discrimination are other concerns observed in the population.


In conclusion, due to the depth and strength of the oral narrative tradition in the Kurdish culture, a significant collective memory is formed within the Ezidi society. Accumulation of previous negative events may prevent Ezidis to form a healthy identity. Traumas of the Ezidis should be investigated in more detail, and studies with larger scopes should be conducted in the future.


Ezidi Kurdish Collective memory Edict Trauma 



The authors would like to thank the study participants for their participation and B. Murat Ozdemir for his editorial support in writing this manuscript.


No funding was received for this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOkmeydanı Training and Research HospitalİstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatryİstanbul Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Training and Research HospitalİstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyHaliç UniversityİstanbulTurkey

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