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Self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia: a multicentric study from three Latin-America countries

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the degree of self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia across three Latin-Americans countries (Bolivia, Chile and Peru). The study included 253 outpatients that were assessed using the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMI). The results show that 48.7% of patients from Bolivia report high internalized stigma compared to 38.6% from Chile and 28.6% from Peru. There were no statistically significant differences in ISMI mean total scores for country (p = 0.057), however, there were significant differences on two subscales: alienation and social withdrawal for which Bolivia had the highest scores. In conclusion, even though these countries share several common cultural characteristics, there are also some differences between them on patients’ self-stigma.

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Acknowledgements

This research was funded in part by the Universidad de Tarapacá through Proyecto Mayor de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica UTA No. 3732-16.

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Correspondence to Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar.

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Caqueo-Urízar, A., Boyer, L., Urzúa, A. et al. Self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia: a multicentric study from three Latin-America countries. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 54, 905–909 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01671-4

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Keywords

  • Schizophrenia
  • Self-stigma
  • Latin-America