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Experimental evidence for a protracted enrichment of tungsten in evolving granitic melts: implications for scheelite mineralization

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Abstract

The solubility of scheelite in evolved granitic magmas (Qz-Ab-Or-An system with minor FeOtotal, TiO2, and CaO added) was studied experimentally at 200 MPa, 750–850 °C and relatively oxidizing condition (logfO2 = NNO + 2.3, where NNO is Ni-NiO oxygen buffer). Water-saturated granitic melts have been equilibrated with seeds of scheelite crystals. The resulted WO3 contents in the melts vary only slightly from 0.21 to 0.32 wt.% WO3 over the investigated temperature and compositional range (0.7 to 1.4 wt.% CaO) but tends to increase with increasing temperature and decreasing CaO concentration. One important message conveyed from the study is that WO3 concentrations at scheelite saturation are more dependent on temperature in evolved Ca-poor melts than in Ca-rich melts. Natural granitic rocks associated with scheelite mineralization and associated melt inclusions hosted in quartz have much lower W contents than the experimental melts equilibrated with scheelite. This implies that enrichment of tungsten (W) at magmatic stages is not sufficient to produce significant scheelite mineralization and confirms the important role of W mobilization by magmatic-hydrothermal fluids in the formation of scheelite deposits.

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Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Julian Feige for his help with sample preparation and to Renat Almeev for assistance during microprobe analysis.

Funding

J. D. was supported by the Major Research Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC Project; 91855217). M.W. and T.H. were supported by 2016FC0600502 and China Nature Foundation of Sciences (41761134086; 41922012), MOST Special Fund from the State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences (MSFGPMR201804 and MSFGPMR201809) and 111 Project (B18048). X. L was supported by the DREAM project of MOST, China (2016YFC0600408).

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Correspondence to Jun Deng.

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Wang, M., Deng, J., Hou, T. et al. Experimental evidence for a protracted enrichment of tungsten in evolving granitic melts: implications for scheelite mineralization. Miner Deposita (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00126-019-00932-1

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Keywords

  • Tungsten
  • Scheelite
  • Solubility
  • Experiment
  • Protracted enrichment
  • Mineralization