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Geochronological and sulfur isotopic evidence for the genesis of the post-magmatic, deeply sourced, and anomalously gold-rich Daliuhang orogenic deposit, Jiaodong, China

  • Kai Feng
  • Hong-Rui FanEmail author
  • David I. Groves
  • Kui-Feng Yang
  • Fang-Fang Hu
  • Xuan Liu
  • Ya-Chun Cai
Article
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

The Daliuhang gold deposit (> 20 t gold) is located in the central Penglai-Qixia belt of the giant Jiaodong gold province, eastern China. The ore-hosting Guojialing granodiorite and pegmatite were formed at 129.0 ± 0.6 Ma and 126.2 ± 0.6 Ma, respectively. Syn-ore monazite, with a U–Pb age of 120.5 ± 1.7 Ma, represents the timing of gold mineralization. Given at least 5 m.y. between magmatism and mineralization, a genetic relationship to magmatic-hydrothermal activity is negated. Noble gas isotopes of pyrite have crust-mantle-mixed 3He/4He (1.13 to 1.50 Ra) and air-like 40Ar/36Ar (327–574). Together with the broadly positive correlation between 3He and 36Ar, it is inferred that the initial ore-forming fluids were deeply sourced from the sedimentary wedge overlying the subducted plate and overlying mantle during early Cretaceous paleo-Pacific plate subduction. The pre-ore and post-ore pyrites have low δ34S values (3.7–5.6‰ and 5.3–6.4‰, respectively), whereas ore-related pyrites have higher δ34S values, especially in As–Au-rich domains (7.8–8.3‰). These positive δ34S values also suggest that the initial ore fluid and some of the sulfur component were derived via subduction-related devolatilization. The elevated δ34S values of the ore-related pyrite are partly ascribed to mass fractionation and partly to a contribution from sulfur leached from crustal host rocks. This interpretation is also supported by neodymium isotope ratios of monazite (εNd (~ 120 Ma) = − 13.7 to − 11.6), which correlate well with the ore-hosting Guojialing granodiorite. This study highlights the combined roles of deeply derived fluids and intense interaction with upper crustal rocks in the formation of Jiaodong gold deposits.

Keywords

Monazite U–Pb geochronology In situ sulfur isotopes He–Ar isotopes Deeply sourced gold fluid Orogenic gold deposit Jiaodong 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Drs. Xin Yan, Kuidong Zhao, Yueheng Yang, and Guoqiang Tang are thanked for their technical supports during analyses of the SEM, LA-ICPMS, LA-MC-ICPMS, and SIMS, respectively. Dr. Xiaochun Li is thanked for the helpful suggestions improving an early version of this manuscript. Drs Pete Hollings and Thomas Ulrich are thanked for their constructive and valuable comments which greatly contributed to improvement of the manuscript.

Funding information

This research was jointly supported by the National Key Research and Development Program (no. 2016YFC0600105) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41772080).

Supplementary material

126_2019_882_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (34 kb)
ESM 1. Results of U–Pb dating on magmatic zircon and hydrothermal monazite in the Daliuhang gold deposit. (XLSX 34 kb)
126_2019_882_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (24 kb)
ESM 2. Neodynium isotopic composition of hydrothermal monazite in the Daliuhang deposit and from other whole-rock Nd isotope analyses of typical geologic units in the Jiaodong Peninsula (XLSX 23 kb)
126_2019_882_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (21 kb)
ESM 3. Helium-Ar isotopic composition of fluid inclusions in pyrite from the Daliuhang deposit and published data from other gold deposits in the Jiaodong Peninsula (XLSX 21 kb)
126_2019_882_MOESM4_ESM.xlsx (12 kb)
ESM 4. The sulfur isotopic compositions of various types of pyrite and other sulfides in the Daliuhang deposit. (XLSX 12 kb)

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Earth and Planetary ScienceUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institutions of Earth ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Centre for Exploration TargetingUniversity of Western AustraliaNedlandsAustralia
  6. 6.GeoRessources LabUniversité de Lorraine, CNRS, CREGUVandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance

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