Tuber yield in open-pollinated (OP) offspring of potato cultivars appears to be correlated with the proportion of hybrids within each population. OP true potato seed (TPS) from ten selected clones was tested in an experiment at two Peruvian locations, San Ramón (mid-altitude warm tropics) and Huancayo (highland cool tropics), to investigate the early selection effect on OP populations. Another experiment in La Molina (dry coast) was included to confirm the results from these other two locations. The results clearly showed that plant survival, tuber yield and berry number can be increased by a strong early selection. Likewise, the results suggested that the most-promising OP offspring for TPS production could be derived from tetraploid clones with a high rate of outcrossing. This experiment demonstrates that high tuber yield may be obtained in OP TPS cultivars with little effort, using early selection for seedling vigor in the nursery. Genetic interpretation of this response to early selection indicates that both the intensity of selection and non-additive genetic variation for tuber yield account for these observed gains.
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Received: 15 December 2000 / Accepted: 4 April 2001
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Golmirzaie, A., Ortiz, R. Inbreeding and true seed in tetrasomic potato. III. Early selection for seedling vigor in open-pollinated populations. Theor Appl Genet 104, 157–160 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220200019
- Keywords Outcrossing
- Selection intensity
- Tuber yield