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Seed germination in a tomato male-sterile mutant is resistant to osmotic, salt and low-temperature stresses

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Abstract 

Seed germination in a male-sterile 7B-1 mutant in tomato is reletively more resistant to the inhibitory effects of a high osmoticum induced by mannitol and polyethylene glycol, to various salts, including NaCl, Na2SO4, KCl and K2SO4, and to low-temperature stress, compared to the wild-type (WT) seeds. The inhibitory effects of various stresses could be partly or completely overcome by fluridone (FLU), an inhibitor of abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis. However, lower concentration of fluridone was required for the 7B-1 mutant than for WT seeds, and the mutant seeds were more sensitive to the inhibitory effects of exogenous ABA. The data suggest that 7B-1 seed has a pre-existing level of elevated ABA which imparts resistance to the various stresses. The ability to regulate male sterility in the 7B-1 mutant by photoperiod, as previously reported by Sawhney (1997), and its resistance to abiotic stresses, as reported here, makes this a useful system for tomato breeding and in hybrid programs.

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Received: 11 May 2000 / Accepted: 4 June 2000

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Fellner, M., Sawhney, V. Seed germination in a tomato male-sterile mutant is resistant to osmotic, salt and low-temperature stresses. Theor Appl Genet 102, 215–221 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051638

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  • Keywords Abscisic acid
  • Abiotic stresses
  • Fluridone
  • Light
  • Male-sterile mutant
  • Tomato