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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 132, Issue 8, pp 2195–2207 | Cite as

Analysis of recombinant inbred line populations derived from wheat landraces to identify new genes for wheat stem sawfly resistance

  • Andrea C. Varella
  • David K. Weaver
  • Nancy K. Blake
  • Megan L. Hofland
  • Hwa-Young Heo
  • Jason P. Cook
  • Peggy F. Lamb
  • Katherine W. Jordan
  • Eduard Akhunov
  • Shiaoman Chao
  • Luther E. TalbertEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Wheat landrace accessions were chosen from areas of the world with historical European wheat stem sawfly (Cephus pygmaeus L.) selection pressure to develop six recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. Molecular maps were constructed, and resistance due to antibiosis and antixenosis was assessed at sites in Montana naturally infested by Cephus cinctus Norton, the wheat stem sawfly (WSS). Novel QTLs were identified along with QTL previously identified in elite germplasm. A newly identified QTL on chromosome 1B provided a new source for pith-filled solid stems. An allele for resistance on chromosome 4A unrelated to solid stems was identified in four of the six RIL populations. A landrace from Turkey, PI 166471, contained alleles at three QTLs causing high levels of larval mortality. None of the QTLs were related to stem solidness, but their combined effect provided resistance similar to that observed in a solid-stemmed check cultivar. These results show the utility of genetic populations derived from geographically targeted landrace accessions to identify new alleles for insect resistance. New PCR-based molecular markers were developed for introgression of novel alleles for WSS resistance into elite lines. Comparison of results with previous analysis of elite cultivars addresses changes in allele frequencies during the wheat breeding process.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Competitive Grants 2011-68002-30029 (Triticeae-CAP), 2017-67007-25939 (Wheat-CAP) from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, 2013-67013-21106 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and the Montana Wheat and Barley Committee.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea C. Varella
    • 1
  • David K. Weaver
    • 2
  • Nancy K. Blake
    • 1
  • Megan L. Hofland
    • 2
  • Hwa-Young Heo
    • 1
  • Jason P. Cook
    • 1
  • Peggy F. Lamb
    • 3
  • Katherine W. Jordan
    • 4
  • Eduard Akhunov
    • 4
  • Shiaoman Chao
    • 5
  • Luther E. Talbert
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant Sciences and Plant PathologyMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA
  2. 2.Department of Land Resources and Environmental SciencesMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA
  3. 3.Department of Research CentersMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA
  4. 4.Department of Plant PathologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  5. 5.Cereal Crops Research UnitUSDA-ARSFargoUSA

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