Drought and heat stress-related proteins: an update about their functional relevance in imparting stress tolerance in agricultural crops

  • Manu Priya
  • Om P. Dhanker
  • Kadambot H. M. Siddique
  • Bindumadhava HanumanthaRao
  • Ramakrishnan M. Nair
  • Sarita Pandey
  • Sadhana Singh
  • Rajeev K. Varshney
  • P. V. Vara Prasad
  • Harsh NayyarEmail author
Review Article


Key message

We describe here the recent developments about the involvement of diverse stress-related proteins in sensing, signaling, and defending the cells in plants in response to drought or/and heat stress.


In the current era of global climate drift, plant growth and productivity are often limited by various environmental stresses, especially drought and heat. Adaptation to abiotic stress is a multigenic process involving maintenance of homeostasis for proper survival under adverse environment. It has been widely observed that a series of proteins respond to heat and drought conditions at both transcriptional and translational levels. The proteins are involved in various signaling events, act as key transcriptional activators and saviors of plants under extreme environments. A detailed insight about the functional aspects of diverse stress-responsive proteins may assist in unraveling various stress resilience mechanisms in plants. Furthermore, by identifying the metabolic proteins associated with drought and heat tolerance, tolerant varieties can be produced through transgenic/recombinant technologies. A large number of regulatory and functional stress-associated proteins are reported to participate in response to heat and drought stresses, such as protein kinases, phosphatases, transcription factors, and late embryogenesis abundant proteins, dehydrins, osmotins, and heat shock proteins, which may be similar or unique to stress treatments. Few studies have revealed that cellular response to combined drought and heat stresses is distinctive, compared to their individual treatments. In this review, we would mainly focus on the new developments about various stress sensors and receptors, transcription factors, chaperones, and stress-associated proteins involved in drought or/and heat stresses, and their possible role in augmenting stress tolerance in crops.



The first author (MP) is thankful to CSIR-UGC, New Delhi, India, for financial support in the form of a fellowship. The corresponding author is thankful to DST, New Delhi, for PURSE grants and University of Western Australia, Australia, for financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Aharon R, Shahak Y, Wininger S et al (2003) Overexpression of a plasma membrane aquaporin in transgenic tobacco improves plant vigor under favorable growth conditions but not under drought or salt stress. Plant Cell 15:439–447CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Aliprantis AO, Yang R-B, Mark MR et al (1999) Cell activation and apoptosis by bacterial lipoproteins through toll-like receptor-2. Science 285:736–739CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Allagulova CR, Gimalov FR, Shakirova FM, Vakhitov VA (2003) The plant dehydrins: structure and putative functions. Biochem 68:945–951Google Scholar
  4. Alsheikh MK, Svensson JT, Randall SK (2005) Phosphorylation regulated ion-binding is a property shared by the acidic subclass dehydrins. Plant,\ Cell Environ 28:1114–1122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amara I, Zaidi I, Masmoudi K et al (2014) Insights into late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins in plants: from structure to the functions. Am J Plant Sci 5:3440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Anil Kumar S, Hima Kumari P, Shravan Kumar G et al (2015) Osmotin: a plant sentinel and a possible agonist of mammalian adiponectin. Front Plant Sci 6:163CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Arbona V, Manzi M, Zandalinas SI et al (2017) Physiological, metabolic, and molecular responses of plants to abiotic stress. In: Sarwat M, Ahmad A, Abdin M, Ibrahim M (eds) Stress signaling in plants: genomics and proteomics perspective, vol 2. Springer, Cham, pp 1–35Google Scholar
  8. Asano T, Hayashi N, Kikuchi S, Ohsugi R (2012) CDPK-mediated abiotic stress signaling. Plant Signal Behav 7:817–821CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Aslam M, Singh R, Anandhan S et al (2009) Development of a transformation protocol for Tecomella undulata (Smith) Seem from cotyledonary node explants. Sci Hortic (Amsterdam) 121:119–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Atkinson NJ, Urwin PE (2012) The interaction of plant biotic and abiotic stresses: from genes to the field. J Exp Bot 63:3523–3543CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Awasthi R, Bhandari K, Nayyar H (2015) Temperature stress and redox homeostasis in agricultural crops. Front Environ Sci 3:1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Awasthi R, Gaur P, Turner NC et al (2017) Effects of individual and combined heat and drought stress during seed filling on the oxidative metabolism and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) genotypes differing in heat and drought tolerance. Crop Pasture Sci 68:823–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bakshi M, Oelmüller R (2014) WRKY transcription factors: jack of many trades in plants. Plant signal Behav 9:e27700CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. Balakrishnan H, Gajjeraman P, Pattiwala YU (2016) Molecular cloning and expression analysis of MYB-related transcription factor gene, ScMYB76 from sugarcane (Saccharum hybrid). Indian J Sci Technol 9:1–10Google Scholar
  15. Baldoni E, Genga A, Cominelli E (2015) Plant MYB transcription factors: their role in drought response mechanisms. Int J Mol Sci 116:15811–15851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Baloglu MC, Eldem V, Hajyzadeh M, Unver T (2014) Genome-wide analysis of the bZIP transcription factors in cucumber. PLoS ONE 9:e96014CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Banerjee A, Roychoudhury A (2015) WRKY proteins: signaling and regulation of expression during abiotic stress responses. Sci World J 15:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Banerjee A, Roychoudhury A (2016) Group II late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins: structural and functional aspects in plant abiotic stress. Plant Growth Regul 79:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Baniwal SK, Bharti K, Chan KY et al (2004) Heat stress response in plants: a complex game with chaperones and more than twenty heat stress transcription factors. J Biosci 29:471–487CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Bao F, Du D, An Y et al (2017) Overexpression of Prunus mume dehydrin genes in tobacco enhances tolerance to cold and drought. Front Plant Sci 8:15Google Scholar
  21. Barnabás B, Jäger K, Fehér A (2008) The effect of drought and heat stress on reproductive processes in cereals. Plant Cell Environ 31:11–38PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Battaglia M, Covarrubias AA (2013) Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins in legumes. Front Plant Sci 4:19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Battaglia M, Olvera-Carrillo Y, Garciarrubio A et al (2008) The enigmatic LEA proteins and other hydrophilins. Plant Physiol 148:6–24CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Bauer H, Ache P, Lautner S et al (2013) The stomatal response to reduced relative humidity requires guard cell-autonomous ABA synthesis. Curr Biol 23:53–57CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Ben Saad R, Fabre D, Mieulet D et al (2012) Expression of the Aeluropus littoralis AlSAP gene in rice confers broad tolerance to abiotic stresses through maintenance of photosynthesis. Plant Cell Environ 35:626–643CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Berriri S, Garcia AV, dit Frey NF (2012) Constitutively active mitogen-activated protein kinase versions reveal functions of Arabidopsis MPK4 in pathogen defense signaling. Plant Cell 24:4281–4293CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Blanco FA, Zanetti ME, Casalongué CA, Daleo GR (2006) Molecular characterization of a potato MAP kinase transcriptionally regulated by multiple environmental stresses. Plant Physiol Biochem 44:315–322CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Bobbert T, Rochlitz H, Wegewitz U et al (2005) Changes of adiponectin oligomer composition by moderate weight reduction. Diabetes 54:2712–2719CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Boudsocq M, Sheen J (2013) CDPKs in immune and stress signaling. Trends Plant Sci 18:30–40CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Boyer JS, Byrne P, Cassman KG et al (2013) The US drought of 2012 in perspective: a call to action. Glob Food Secur 2:139–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Bredow M, Vanderbeld B, Walker VK (2017) Ice-binding proteins confer freezing tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Biotechnol J 15:68–81CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Bundó M, Coca M (2017) Calcium-dependent protein kinase OsCPK10 mediates both drought tolerance and blast disease resistance in rice plants. J Exp Bot 68:2963–2975CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Campo S, Baldrich P, Messeguer J et al (2014) Overexpression of a calcium-dependent protein kinase confers salt and drought tolerance in rice by preventing membrane lipid peroxidation. Plant Physiol 165:688–704CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. Chaumont F, Tyerman SD (2014) Aquaporins: highly regulated channels controlling plant water relations. Plant Physiol 164:1600–1618CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. Chen J-G, Willard FS, Huang J et al (2003) A seven-transmembrane RGS protein that modulates plant cell proliferation. Science 301:1728–1731CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Chen L, Ren F, Zhou L et al (2012) The Brassica napus calcineurin B-Like 1/CBL-interacting protein kinase 6 (CBL1/CIPK6) component is involved in the plant response to abiotic stress and ABA signalling. J Exp Bot 63:6211–6222CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Chen T, Li W, Hu X et al (2015a) A cotton MYB transcription factor, GbMYB5, is positively involved in plant adaptive response to drought stress. Plant Cell Physiol 56:917–929CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Chen Y, Lo S, Sun P et al (2015b) A late embryogenesis abundant protein HVA1 regulated by an inducible promoter enhances root growth and abiotic stress tolerance in rice without yield penalty. Plant Biotechnol J 13:105–116CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Chen H, Liu L, Wang L et al (2016) VrDREB2A, a DREB-binding transcription factor from Vigna radiata, increased drought and high-salt tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. J Plant Res 129:263–273CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Chen J, Nolan TM, Ye H et al (2017) Arabidopsis WRKY46, WRKY54, and WRKY70 transcription factors are involved in brassinosteroid-regulated plant growth and drought responses. Plant Cell 29:1425–1439CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Chew YH, Halliday KJ (2011) A stress-free walk from Arabidopsis to crops. Curr Opin Biotechnol 22:281–286CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Choudhury SR, Bisht NC, Thompson R et al (2011) Conventional and novel Gγ protein families constitute the heterotrimeric G-protein signaling network in soybean. PLoS ONE 6:e23361CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. Chowdhury S, Basu A, Kundu S (2017) Overexpression of a new osmotin-like protein gene (SindOLP) confers tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses in sesame. Front Plant Sci 8:410PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  44. Chu X, Wang C, Chen X et al (2015) The cotton WRKY gene GhWRKY41 positively regulates salt and drought stress tolerance in transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana. PLoS ONE 10:e0143022CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  45. Cristina MS, Petersen M, Mundy J (2010) Mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol 61:621–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Dai F, Zhang C, Jiang X et al (2012) RhNAC2 and RhEXPA4 are involved in regulation of dehydration tolerance during the expansion of rose petals. Plant Physiol 160:112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Dalal M, Chinnusamy V (2015) ABA receptors: prospects for enhancing biotic and abiotic stress tolerance of crops. In: Pandey G (ed) Elucidation of abiotic stress signaling in plants. Springer, New York, NY, pp 271–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Danquah A, de Zelicourt A, Colcombet J, Hirt H (2014) The role of ABA and MAPK signaling pathways in plant abiotic stress responses. Biotechnol Adv 32:40–52CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Dansana PK, Kothari KS, Vij S, Tyagi AK (2014) OsiSAP1 overexpression improves water-deficit stress tolerance in transgenic rice by affecting expression of endogenous stress-related genes. Plant Cell Rep 33:1425–1440CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Das S, Chakraborty S (2016) The role of osmotin protein tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress in plants. Int J Bioinform Biol Sci 4:35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Das M, Chauhan H, Chhibbar A et al (2011) High-efficiency transformation and selective tolerance against biotic and abiotic stress in mulberry, Morus indica cv. K2, by constitutive and inducible expression of tobacco osmotin. Transgenic Res 20:231–246CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Das A, Eldakak M, Paudel B et al (2016) Leaf proteome analysis reveals prospective drought and heat stress response mechanisms in soybean. Biomed Res Int 2016:6021047. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  53. Daszkowska-Golec A, Szarejko I (2013) Open or close the gate–stomata action under the control of phytohormones in drought stress conditions. Front Plant Sci 4:138CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  54. De Boeck HJ, Bassin S, Verlinden M et al (2016) Simulated heat waves affected alpine grassland only in combination with drought. New Phytol 209:531–541CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. de Zelicourt A, Colcombet J, Hirt H (2016) The role of MAPK modules and ABA during abiotic stress signaling. Trends Plant Sci 21:677–685CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Deng L-Q, Yu H-Q, Liu Y-P et al (2014) Heterologous expression of antifreeze protein gene AnAFP from Ammopiptanthus nanus enhances cold tolerance in Escherichia coli and tobacco. Gene 539:132–140CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Deshmukh RK, Sonah H, Bélanger RR (2016) Plant Aquaporins: genome-wide identification, transcriptomics, proteomics, and advanced analytical tools. Front Plant Sci 7:1896CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  58. Desikan R, Horák J, Chaban C et al (2008) The histidine kinase AHK5 integrates endogenous and environmental signals in Arabidopsis guard cells. PLoS ONE 3:e2491CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  59. Ding X, Iwasaki I, Kitagawa Y (2004) Overexpression of a lily PIP1 gene in tobacco increased the osmotic water permeability of leaf cells. Plant Cell Environ 27:177–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Dixit AR, Dhankher OP (2011) A novel stress-associated protein “AtSAP10”from Arabidopsis thaliana confers tolerance to nickel, manganese, zinc, and high temperature stress. PLoS ONE 6:e20921CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. Dixit A, Tomar P, Vaine E et al (2017) A stress-associated protein, AtSAP13, from Arabidopsis thaliana provides tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses. Plant Cell Environ 41:1171–1185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Du H, Huang M, Zhang Z, Cheng S (2014) Genome-wide analysis of the AP2/ERF gene family in maize waterlogging stress response. Euphytica 198:115–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Duan J, Cai W (2012) OsLEA3-2, an abiotic stress induced gene of rice plays a key role in salt and drought tolerance. PLoS ONE 7:e45117CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  64. Dubrovina AS, Kiselev KV, Khristenko VS, Aleynova OA (2015) VaCPK20, a calcium-dependent protein kinase gene of wild grapevine Vitis amurensis Rupr., mediates cold and drought stress tolerance. J Plant Physiol 185:1–12CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Dubrovina AS, Aleynova OA, Kiselev KV (2016) Influence of overexpression of the true and false alternative transcripts of calcium-dependent protein kinase CPK9 and CPK3a genes on the growth, stress tolerance, and resveratrol content in Vitis amurensis cell cultures. Acta Physiol Plant 38:78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Dure L III, Greenway SC, Galau GA (1981) Developmental biochemistry of cottonseed embryogenesis and germination: changing messenger ribonucleic acid populations as shown by in vitro and in vivo protein synthesis. Biochemistry 20:4162–4168CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Eriksson SK, Harryson P (2011) Dehydrins: molecular biology, structure and function. In: Lüttge U, Beck E, Bartels D (eds) Plant desiccation tolerance. Ecological studies (analysis and synthesis), vol 215. Springer, Berlin, pp 289–305Google Scholar
  68. Eriksson S, Eremina N, Barth A et al (2016) Membrane-induced folding of the plant-stress protein Lti30. Plant Physiol 71:932–943Google Scholar
  69. Fahad S, Bajwa AA, Nazir U et al (2017) Crop production under drought and heat stress: plant responses and management options. Front Plant Sci 8:1147CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  70. Fan X, Guo Q, Xu P et al (2015) Transcriptome-wide identification of salt-responsive members of the WRKY gene family in Gossypium aridum. PLoS ONE 10:e0126148CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  71. Fang Y, Liao K, Du H et al (2015) A stress-responsive NAC transcription factor SNAC3 confers heat and drought tolerance through modulation of reactive oxygen species in rice. J Exp Bot 66:6803–6817CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  72. Feng L, Gao Z, Xiao G et al (2014) Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase FON1 regulates drought stress and seed germination by activating the expression of ABA-responsive genes in rice. Plant Mol Biol Rep 32:1158–1168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Feng W, Kita D, Peaucelle A et al (2018) The FERONIA receptor kinase maintains cell-wall integrity during salt stress through Ca2+ signaling. Curr Biol 28:666–675CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  74. Ferreira PC, Hemerly AS, Villarroel R et al (1991) The Arabidopsis functional homolog of the p34cdc2 protein kinase. Plant Cell 3:531–540PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  75. Gao J, Lan T (2016) Functional characterization of the late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) protein gene family from Pinus tabuliformis (Pinaceae) in Escherichia coli. Sci Rep 6:19467CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  76. Gao F, Yao H, Zhao H et al (2016) Tartary buckwheat FtMYB10 encodes an R2R3-MYB transcription factor that acts as a novel negative regulator of salt and drought response in transgenic Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol Biochem 109:387–396CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Geiger D, Scherzer S, Mumm P et al (2009) Activity of guard cell anion channel SLAC1 is controlled by drought-stress signaling kinase-phosphatase pair. Proc Natl Acad Sci 106:21425–21430CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Ghneim-Herrera T, Selvaraj MG, Meynard D et al (2017) Expression of the Aeluropus littoralis AlSAP gene enhances rice yield under field drought at the reproductive stage. Front Plant Sci 8:994CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  79. Gill SS, Tuteja N (2010) Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant Physiol Biochem 48:909–930CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Giri J, Vij S, Dansana PK, Tyagi AK (2011) Rice A20/AN1 zinc-finger containing stress-associated proteins (SAP1/11) and a receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase (OsRLCK253) interact via A20 zinc-finger and confer abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. New Phytol 191:721–732CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Giri J, Dansana PK, Kothari KS et al (2013) SAPs as novel regulators of abiotic stress response in plants. BioEssays 35:639–648CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Goswami S, Kumar RR, Sharma SK et al (2015) Calcium triggers protein kinases-induced signal transduction for augmenting the thermotolerance of developing wheat (Triticum aestivum) grain under the heat stress. J Plant Biochem Biotechnol 24:441–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Graether SP, Boddington KF (2014) Disorder and function: a review of the dehydrin protein family. Front Plant Sci 5:576CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  84. Greeff CCG, Roux MMR, Mundy JJM, Petersen MMP (2012) Receptor-like kinase complexes in plant innate immunity. Front Plant Sci 3:209PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  85. Grigorova B, Vaseva I, Demirevska K, Feller U (2011) Combined drought and heat stress in wheat: changes in some heat shock proteins. Biol Plant 55:105–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Gu Z, Ma B, Jiang Y et al (2008) Expression analysis of the calcineurin B-like gene family in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under environmental stresses. Gene 415:1–12CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Gu C, Guo Z-H, Hao P-P et al (2017) Multiple regulatory roles of AP2/ERF transcription factor in angiosperm. Bot Stud 58:6CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  88. Guerra D, Crosatti C, Khoshro HH et al (2015) Post-transcriptional and post-translational regulations of drought and heat response in plants: a spider’s web of mechanisms. Front Plant Sci 6:57CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  89. Guo Y, Gan S (2006) AtNAP, a NAC family transcription factor, has an important role in leaf senescence. Plant J 46:601–612CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Guo M, Liu J-H, Ma X et al (2016) The plant heat stress transcription factors (HSFs): structure, regulation, and function in response to abiotic stresses. Front Plant Sci 7:114PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  91. Guo X, Zhang L, Zhu J et al (2017) Cloning and characterization of SiDHN, a novel dehydrin gene from Saussurea involucrata Kar. et Kir. that enhances cold and drought tolerance in tobacco. Plant Sci 256:160–169CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Ha S, Vankova R, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K et al (2012) Cytokinins: metabolism and function in plant adaptation to environmental stresses. Trends Plant Sci 17:172–179CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Hanin M, Brini F, Ebel C et al (2011) Plant dehydrins and stress tolerance: versatile proteins for complex mechanisms. Plant Signal Behav 6:1503–1509CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  94. Hao Y, Wei W, Song Q et al (2011) Soybean NAC transcription factors promote abiotic stress tolerance and lateral root formation in transgenic plants. Plant J 68:302–313CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Hashimoto K, Eckert C, Anschütz U et al (2012) Phosphorylation of calcineurin B-like (CBL) calcium sensor proteins by their CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs) is required for full activity of CBL-CIPK complexes toward their target proteins. J Biol Chem 287:7956–7968CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  96. He L, Yang X, Wang L et al (2013) Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a novel cotton CBL-interacting protein kinase gene (GhCIPK6) reveals its involvement in multiple abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic plants. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 435:209–215CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. He G-H, Xu J-Y, Wang Y-X et al (2016) Drought-responsive WRKY transcription factor genes TaWRKY1 and TaWRKY33 from wheat confer drought and/or heat resistance in Arabidopsis. BMC Plant Biol 16:116CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  98. He Z, Zhong J, Sun X et al (2018) The maize ABA receptors ZmPYL8, 9, and 12 facilitate plant drought resistance. Front Plant Sci 9:422CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  99. Hettenhausen C, Sun G, He Y et al (2016) Genome-wide identification of calcium-dependent protein kinases in soybean and analyses of their transcriptional responses to insect herbivory and drought stress. Sci Rep 6:18973CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  100. Hines P (2009) ABA receptor up close. Sci Signal 2:ec391Google Scholar
  101. Hong JK, Jung HW, Lee BK et al (2004) An osmotin-like protein gene, CAOSM1, from pepper: differential expression and in situ localization of its mRNA during pathogen infection and abiotic stress. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 64:301–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Hong Y, Zhang H, Huang L et al (2016) Overexpression of a stress-responsive NAC transcription factor gene ONAC022 improves drought and salt tolerance in rice. Front Plant Sci 7:4CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  103. Hu HH, Dai MQ, Yao JL et al (2006) Overexpressing a NAM, ATAF, and CUC (NAC) transcription factor enhances drought resistance and salt tolerance in rice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103:12987–12992CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Hu R, Qi G, Kong Y et al (2010) Comprehensive analysis of NAC domain transcription factor gene family in Populus trichocarpa. BMC Plant Biol 10:145CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  105. Hu X, Yang Y, Gong F et al (2015) Protein sHSP26 improves chloroplast performance under heat stress by interacting with specific chloroplast proteins in maize (Zea mays). J Proteomics 115:81–92CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Hu SB, Zhou Q, An J, Yu BJ (2016a) Cloning PIP genes in drought-tolerant vetiver grass and responses of transgenic VzPIP2; 1 soybean plants to water stress. Biol Plant 60:655–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Hu T, Zhu S, Tan L et al (2016b) Overexpression of OsLEA4 enhances drought, high salt and heavy metal stress tolerance in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.). Environ Exp Bot 123:68–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Hu W, Yang H, Yan Y et al (2016c) Genome-wide characterization and analysis of bZIP transcription factor gene family related to abiotic stress in cassava. Sci Rep 6:22783CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  109. Huang J, Wang M-M, Jiang Y et al (2008) Expression analysis of rice A20/AN1-type zinc finger genes and characterization of ZFP177 that contributes to temperature stress tolerance. Gene 420:135–144CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Huang L, Wang Y, Wang W et al (2018) Characterization of transcription factor gene OsDRAP1 conferring drought tolerance in rice. Front Plant Sci 209:94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Hughes SL, Schart V, Malcolmson J et al (2013) The importance of size and disorder in the cryoprotective effects of dehydrins. Plant Physiol 163:1376–1386CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  112. Hundertmark M, Hincha DK (2008) LEA (late embryogenesis abundant) proteins and their encoding genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. BMC Genom 9:118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Husaini AM, Abdin MZ (2008) Overexpression of tobacco osmotin gene leads to salt stress tolerance in strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) plants. Indian J Biotechnol 7:465–471Google Scholar
  114. Ingram J, Bartels D (1996) The molecular basis of dehydration tolerance in plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol 47:377–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Ismail AM, Hall AE, Close TJ (1999) Purification and partial characterization of a dehydrin involved in chilling tolerance during seedling emergence of cowpea. Plant Physiol 120:237–244CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  116. Javot H, Maurel C (2002) The role of aquaporins in root water uptake. Ann Bot 90:301–313CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  117. Jensen MK, Kjaersgaard T, Nielsen MM et al (2010) The Arabidopsis thaliana NAC transcription factor family: structure–function relationships and determinants of ANAC019 stress signalling. Biochem J 426:183–196CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Jia H, Wang C, Wang F et al (2015) GhWRKY68 reduces resistance to salt and drought in transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana. PLoS ONE 10:e0120646CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  119. Jiang J, Ma S, Ye N et al (2017) WRKY transcription factors in plant responses to stresses. J Integr Plant Biol 59:86–101CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Jiménez JÁ, Alonso-Ramírez A, Nicolás C (2008) Two cDNA clones (FsDhn1 and FsClo1) up-regulated by ABA are involved in drought responses in Fagus sylvatica L. seeds. J Plant Physiol 165:1798–1807CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Johnson SM, Lim F-L, Finkler A et al (2014) Transcriptomic analysis of Sorghum bicolor responding to combined heat and drought stress. BMC Genom 15:456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Jones HG (2006) Monitoring plant and soil water status: established and novel methods revisited and their relevance to studies of drought tolerance. J Exp Bot 58:119–130CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Joshi RK, Kar B, Nayak S (2011) Characterization of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the Curcuma longa expressed sequence tag database. Bioinformation 7:180CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  124. Joshi R, Singla-Pareek SL, Pareek A (2018) Engineering abiotic stress response in plants for biomass production. J Biol Chem 293:5035–5043CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Joshi-Saha A, Valon C, Leung J (2011) A brand new START: abscisic acid perception and transduction in the guard cell. Sci Signal 4:re4CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Kaldenhoff R, Fischer M (2006) Aquaporins in plants. Acta Physiol 187:169–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Kanneganti V, Gupta AK (2008) Overexpression of OsiSAP8, a member of stress associated protein (SAP) gene family of rice confers tolerance to salt, drought and cold stress in transgenic tobacco and rice. Plant Mol Biol 66:445–462CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Katiyar-Agarwal S, Agarwal M, Grover A (2003) Heat-tolerant basmati rice engineered by over-expression of hsp101. Plant Mol Biol 51:677–686CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Kaur H, Petla BP, Kamble NU et al (2015) Differentially expressed seed aging responsive heat shock protein OsHSP18. 2 implicates in seed vigor, longevity and improves germination and seedling establishment under abiotic stress. Front Plant Sci 14:713Google Scholar
  130. Khan MS, Ahmad D, Khan MA (2015) Utilization of genes encoding osmoprotectants in transgenic plants for enhanced abiotic stress tolerance. Electron J Biotechnol 18:257–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Kharte SB, Watharkar AD, Shingote PR et al (2016) Functional characterization and expression study of sugarcane MYB transcription factor gene PEaMYBAS1 promoter from Erianthus arundinaceus that confers abiotic stress tolerance in tobacco. RSC Adv 6:19576–19586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Kim K-N, Cheong YH, Grant JJ et al (2003) CIPK3, a calcium sensor–associated protein kinase that regulates abscisic acid and cold signal transduction in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 15:411–423CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  133. Kim H, Lee K, Hwang H et al (2014) Overexpression of PYL5 in rice enhances drought tolerance, inhibits growth, and modulates gene expression. J Exp Bot 65:453–464CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  134. Kline KG, Sussman MR, Jones AM (2010) Abscisic acid receptors. Plant Physiol 154:479–482CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  135. Kosová K, Vítámvás P, Prášil IT (2014) Wheat and barley dehydrins under cold, drought, and salinity–what can LEA-II proteins tell us about plant stress response? Front Plant Sci 5:343PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  136. Kotak S, Port M, Ganguli A et al (2004) Characterization of C-terminal domains of Arabidopsis heat stress transcription factors (Hsfs) and identification of a new signature combination of plant class A Hsfs with AHA and NES motifs essential for activator function and intracellular localization. Plant J 39:98–112CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Kotak S, Larkindale J, Lee U et al (2007) Complexity of the heat stress response in plants. Curr Opin Plant Biol 10:310–316CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. Kothari KS, Dansana PK, Giri J, Tyagi AK (2016) Rice stress associated protein 1 (OsSAP1) interacts with aminotransferase (OsAMTR1) and pathogenesis-related 1a protein (OsSCP) and regulates abiotic stress responses. Front Plant Sci 7:1057CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  139. Kovacs D, Agoston B, Tompa P (2008a) Disordered plant LEA proteins as molecular chaperones. Plant Signal Behav 3:710–713CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  140. Kovacs D, Kalmar E, Torok Z, Tompa P (2008b) Chaperone activity of ERD10 and ERD14, two disordered stress-related plant proteins. Plant Physiol 147:381–390CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  141. Kozłowska M, Rybus-Zajac M, Stachowiak J, Janowska B (2007) Changes in carbohydrate contents of Zantedeschia leaves under gibberellin-stimulated flowering. Acta Physiol Plant 29:27–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Kregel KC (2002) Invited review: heat shock proteins: modifying factors in physiological stress responses and acquired thermotolerance. J Appl Physiol 92:2177–2186CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Król A (2013) The growth and water uptake by yellow seed and black seed rape depending on the state of soil compaction. Dissertation. Bohdan Dobrzañski Institute of Agrophysics PAS, LublinGoogle Scholar
  144. Kudla J, Batistič O, Hashimoto K (2010) Calcium signals: the lead currency of plant information processing. Plant Cell 22:541–563CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  145. Kumar RR, Goswami S, Sharma SK et al (2012) Protection against heat stress in wheat involves change in cell membrane stability, antioxidant enzymes, osmolyte, H2O2 and transcript of heat shock protein. Int J Plant Physiol Biochem 4:83–91Google Scholar
  146. Kumar MN, Jane W-N, Verslues PE (2013) Role of the putative osmosensor Arabidopsis histidine kinase1 in dehydration avoidance and low-water-potential response. Plant Physiol 161:942–953CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Kumar M, Lee SC, Kim JY et al (2014) Over-expression of dehydrin gene, OsDhn1, improves drought and salt stress tolerance through scavenging of reactive oxygen species in rice (Oryza sativa L.). J Plant Biol 57:383–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Lakra N, Nutan KK, Das P et al (2015) A nuclear-localized histone-gene binding protein from rice (OsHBP1b) functions in salinity and drought stress tolerance by maintaining chlorophyll content and improving the antioxidant machinery. J Plant Physiol 176:36–46CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Lamaoui M, Jemo M, Datla R, Bekkaoui F (2018) Heat and drought stresses in crops and approaches for their mitigation. Front Chem 6:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Lata C, Prasad M (2011) Role of DREBs in regulation of abiotic stress responses in plants. J Exp Bot 62:4731–4748CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Lata C, Yadav A, Prasad M (2011) Role of plant transcription factors in abiotic stress tolerance. In: Shanker A, Venkatswarlu B (eds) Abiotic stress response in plants-physiological, biochemical and genetic perspectives. InTech, London, pp 1–31Google Scholar
  152. Latif F, Ullah F, Mehmood S et al (2016) Effects of salicylic acid on growth and accumulation of phenolics in Zea mays L. under drought stress. Acta Agric Scand Sect B Soil Plant Sci 66:325–332Google Scholar
  153. Latz A, Mehlmer N, Zapf S et al (2013) Salt stress triggers phosphorylation of the Arabidopsis vacuolar K+ channel TPK1 by calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs). Mol Plant 6:1274–1289CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Laur J, Hacke UG (2014) The role of water channel proteins in facilitating recovery of leaf hydraulic conductance from water stress in Populus trichocarpa. PLoS ONE 9:e111751CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  155. Le DT, Nishiyama RIE, Watanabe Y et al (2011) Genome-wide survey and expression analysis of the plant-specific NAC transcription factor family in soybean during development and dehydration stress. DNA Res 18:263–276CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  156. Le TTT, Williams B, Mundree SG (2018) An osmotin from the resurrection plant Tripogon loliiformis (TlOsm) confers tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses in transgenic rice. Physiol Plant 162:13–34CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Lee S-C, Lee M-Y, Kim S-J et al (2005) Characterization of an abiotic stress-inducible dehydrin gene, OsDhn1, in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Mol Cells 19:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Lee SC, Lan W, Buchanan BB, Luan S (2009) A protein kinase-phosphatase pair interacts with an ion channel to regulate ABA signaling in plant guard cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci 106:21419–21424CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. Lee K-W, Rahman M, Choi GJ et al (2017) Expression of small heat shock protein23 enhanced heat stress tolerance in transgenic ALFALFA plants. JAPS J Anim Plant Sci 27:1238–1244Google Scholar
  160. Lenka SK, Muthusamy SK, Chinnusamy V, Bansal KC (2018) Ectopic expression of rice PYL3 enhances cold and drought tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Biotechnol 60:350–361CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Lesk C, Rowhani P, Ramankutty N (2016) Influence of extreme weather disasters on global crop production. Nature 529:84CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Li S, Fu Q, Chen L et al (2011) Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY25, WRKY26, and WRKY33 coordinate induction of plant thermotolerance. Planta 233:1237–1252CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Li G, Santoni V, Maurel C (2014a) Plant aquaporins: roles in plant physiology. Biochim Biophys Acta (BBA)-Gen Subj 1840:1574–1582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Li X, Wu Y-L, Yang B et al (2014b) Function analysis of sugarcane A20/AN1 zinc-finger protein gene ShSAP1 in transgenic tobacco. Crop Sci 54:2724–2734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Li X, Yang Y, Sun X et al (2014c) Comparative physiological and proteomic analyses of poplar (Populus yunnanensis) plantlets exposed to high temperature and drought. PLoS ONE 9:e107605CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  166. Liang Q, Wu Y, Wang K et al (2017) Chrysanthemum WRKY gene DgWRKY5 enhances tolerance to salt stress in transgenic chrysanthemum. Sci Rep 7:4799CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  167. Liao Y, Jiang Y, Xu J et al (2017) Overexpression of a thylakoid membrane protein gene OsTMP14 improves indica rice cold tolerance. Biotechnol Biotechnol Equip 31:717–724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Liberek K, Lewandowska A, Ziętkiewicz S (2008) Chaperones in control of protein disaggregation. EMBO J 27:328–335CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  169. Licausi F, Ohme-Takagi M, Perata P (2013) APETALA2/ethylene responsive factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factors: mediators of stress responses and developmental programs. New Phytol 199:639–649CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Liese A, Romeis T (2013) Biochemical regulation of in vivo function of plant calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPK). Biochim Biophys Acta (BBA) Mol Cell Res 1833:1582–1589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Lim CW, Yang SH, Shin KH et al (2015) The AtLRK10L1. 2, Arabidopsis ortholog of wheat LRK10, is involved in ABA-mediated signaling and drought resistance. Plant Cell Rep 34:447–455CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. Lindemose S, O’Shea C, Jensen MK, Skriver K (2013) Structure, function and networks of transcription factors involved in abiotic stress responses. Int J Mol Sci 14:5842–5878CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  173. Ling H, Zeng X, Guo S (2016) Functional insights into the late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) protein family from Dendrobium officinale (Orchidaceae) using an Escherichia coli system. Sci Rep 6:39693CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  174. Link V, Sinha AK, Vashista P et al (2002) A heat-activated MAP kinase in tomato: a possible regulator of the heat stress response. FEBS Lett 531:179–183CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Liu Y, Wang L, Xing X et al (2013) ZmLEA3, a multifunctional group 3 LEA protein from maize (Zea mays L.), is involved in biotic and abiotic stresses. Plant Cell Physiol 54:944–959CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. Liu H, Yu C, Li H et al (2015) Overexpression of ShDHN, a dehydrin gene from Solanum habrochaites enhances tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses in tomato. Plant Sci 231:198–211CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Liu Y, Liang J, Sun L et al (2016) Group 3 LEA protein, ZmLEA3, is involved in protection from low temperature stress. Front Plant Sci 7:1011PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  178. Liu C, Wei C, Zhang M et al (2017) Mulberry MnMAPK1, a group C mitogen-activated protein kinase gene, endowed transgenic Arabidopsis with novel responses to various abiotic stresses. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 131:151–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Llorca CM, Potschin M, Zentgraf U (2014) bZIPs and WRKYs: two large transcription factor families executing two different functional strategies. Front Plant Sci 5:169CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  180. Lloret A, Conejero A, Leida C et al (2017) Dual regulation of water retention and cell growth by a stress-associated protein (SAP) gene in Prunus. Sci Rep 7:332CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  181. Lu Y, Chen X, Wu Y et al (2013) Directly transforming PCR-amplified DNA fragments into plant cells is a versatile system that facilitates the transient expression assay. PLoS ONE 8:e57171CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  182. Lu X, Zhang X, Duan H et al (2017) Three stress-responsive NAC transcription factors from Populus euphratica differentially regulate salt and drought tolerance in transgenic plants. Physiol Plant 162:73–97CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Lu P, Magwanga RO, Lu H et al (2018) A novel G-protein-coupled receptors gene from upland cotton enhances salt stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Genes (Basel) 9:209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Luo Q, Wei Q, Wang R et al (2017) BdCIPK31, a calcineurin b-like protein-interacting protein kinase, regulates plant response to drought and salt stress. Front Plant Sci 8:1184CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  185. Lynch T, Erickson BJ, Finkelstein RR (2012) Direct interactions of ABA-insensitive (ABI)-clade protein phosphatase (PP) 2Cs with calcium-dependent protein kinases and ABA response element-binding bZIPs may contribute to turning off ABA response. Plant Mol Biol 80:647–658CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Ma Y, Szostkiewicz I, Korte A et al (2009) Regulators of PP2C phosphatase activity function as abscisic acid sensors. Science (80-) 324:1064–1068Google Scholar
  187. Malik AA, Veltri M, Boddington KF et al (2017) Genome analysis of conserved dehydrin motifs in vascular plants. Front Plant Sci 8:709CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  188. Manfre AJ, Lanni LM, Marcotte WR (2006) The Arabidopsis group 1 LATE EMBRYOGENESIS ABUNDANT protein ATEM6 is required for normal seed development. Plant Physiol 140:140–149CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  189. Manik SM, Shi S, Mao J et al (2015) The calcium sensor CBL-CIPK is involved in plant’s response to abiotic stresses. Int J Genom 11:1–10Google Scholar
  190. Mao X, Chen S, Li A et al (2014) Novel NAC transcription factor TaNAC67 confers enhanced multi-abiotic stress tolerances in Arabidopsis. PLoS ONE 9:e84359CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  191. Mao H, Wang H, Liu S et al (2015) A transposable element in a NAC gene is associated with drought tolerance in maize seedlings. Nat Commun 6:8326CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  192. Mao H, Yu L, Han R et al (2016) ZmNAC55, a maize stress-responsive NAC transcription factor, confers drought resistance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol Biochem 105:55–66CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Martins CPS, Neves DM, Cidade LC et al (2017) Expression of the citrus CsTIP2; 1 gene improves tobacco plant growth, antioxidant capacity and physiological adaptation under stress conditions. Planta 245:951–963CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. Masand S, Yadav SK (2016) Overexpression of MuHSP70 gene from Macrotyloma uniflorum confers multiple abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Biol Rep 43:53–64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Maurel C, Verdoucq L, Luu D-T, Santoni V (2008) Plant aquaporins: membrane channels with multiple integrated functions. Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:595–624CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. Maurel C, Boursiac Y, Luu D-T et al (2015) Aquaporins in plants. Physiol Rev 95:1321–1358CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. Misra S, Wu Y, Venkataraman G et al (2007) Heterotrimeric G-protein complex and G-protein-coupled receptor from a legume (Pisum sativum): role in salinity and heat stress and cross-talk with phospholipase C. Plant J 51:656–669CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Mittler R (2002) Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance. Trends Plant Sci 7:405–410CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. Miyakawa T, Fujita Y, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Tanokura M (2013) Structure and function of abscisic acid receptors. Trends Plant Sci 18:259–266CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. Moustafa K, AbuQamar S, Jarrar M et al (2014) MAPK cascades and major abiotic stresses. Plant Cell Rep 33:1217–1225CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Mukhopadhyay A, Vij S, Tyagi AK (2004) Overexpression of a zinc-finger protein gene from rice confers tolerance to cold, dehydration, and salt stress in transgenic tobacco. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:6309–6314CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. Mundy J, Chua N-H (1988) Abscisic acid and water-stress induce the expression of a novel rice gene. EMBO J 7:2279–2286CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  203. Munemasa S, Hauser F, Park J et al (2015) Mechanisms of abscisic acid-mediated control of stomatal aperture. Curr Opin Plant Biol 28:154–162CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  204. Munir S, Liu H, Xing Y et al (2016) Overexpression of calmodulin-like (ShCML44) stress-responsive gene from Solanum habrochaites enhances tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses. Sci Rep 6:31772CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  205. Nambara E, Marion-Poll A (2005) Abscisic acid biosynthesis and catabolism. Annu Rev Plant Biol 56:165–185CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Nelson DE, Raghothama KG, Singh NK et al (1992) Analysis of structure and transcriptional activation of an osmotin gene. Plant Mol Biol 19:577–588CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  207. Ng LM (2016) Abscisic acid signalling as a target for enhancing drought tolerance. In: Shanker A, Shanker C (eds) Abiotic and biotic stress in plants-recent advances and future perspectives. InTech, London, p 22Google Scholar
  208. Ning J, Li X, Hicks LM, Xiong L (2010) A Raf-like MAPKKK gene DSM1 mediates drought resistance through reactive oxygen species scavenging in rice. Plant Physiol 152:876–890CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  209. Ning W, Zhai H, Yu J et al (2017) Overexpression of Glycine soja WRKY20 enhances drought tolerance and improves plant yields under drought stress in transgenic soybean. Mol Breed 37:19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. Noman A, Liu Z, Aqeel M et al (2017) Basic leucine zipper domain transcription factors: the vanguards in plant immunity. Biotechnol Lett 39:1779–1791CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. Nongpiur R, Soni P, Karan R et al (2012) Histidine kinases in plants: cross talk between hormone and stress responses. Plant Signal Behav 7:1230–1237CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  212. Nouri MZ, Komatsu S (2013) Subcellular protein overexpression to develop abiotic stress tolerant plants. Front Plant Sci 4:2CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  213. Ohama N, Sato H, Shinozaki K, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K (2017) Transcriptional regulatory network of plant heat stress response. Trends Plant Sci 22:53–65CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. Osakabe Y, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Shinozaki K, Tran LSP (2013) Sensing the environment: key roles of membrane-localized kinases in plant perception and response to abiotic stress. J Exp Bot 64:445–458CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. Pandey GK, Pandey A, Prasad M, Böhmer M (2016) Abiotic stress signaling in plants: functional genomic intervention. Front Plant Sci 7:68Google Scholar
  216. Parent B, Turc O, Gibon Y et al (2010) Modelling temperature-compensated physiological rates, based on the co-ordination of responses to temperature of developmental processes. J Exp Bot 61:2057–2069CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. Park WJ, Campbell BT (2015) Aquaporins as targets for stress tolerance in plants: genomic complexity and perspectives. Turk J Bot 39:879–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. Park S-Y, Fung P, Nishimura N et al (2009) Abscisic acid inhibits type 2C protein phosphatases via the PYR/PYL family of START proteins. Science (80-) 324:1068–1071Google Scholar
  219. Park YC, Chapagain S, Jang CS (2018) A negative regulator in response to salinity in rice: Oryza sativa Salt-, ABA-and Drought-induced RING finger protein 1 (OsSADR1). Plant Cell Physiol 59:575–589CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Pedrosa AM, Martins CDPS, Gonçalves LP et al (2015) Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) constitutes a large and diverse family of proteins involved in development and abiotic stress responses in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osb.). PLoS ONE 10:e0145785CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  221. Pérez-Clemente RM, Vives V, Zandalinas SI et al (2013) Biotechnological approaches to study plant responses to stress. Biomed Res Int. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Perochon A, Aldon D, Galaud J-P, Ranty B (2011) Calmodulin and calmodulin-like proteins in plant calcium signaling. Biochimie 93:2048–2053CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Pham J, Liu J, Bennett MH et al (2012) Arabidopsis histidine kinase 5 regulates salt sensitivity and resistance against bacterial and fungal infection. New Phytol 194:168–180CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Phukan UJ, Jeena GS, Shukla RK (2016) WRKY transcription factors: molecular regulation and stress responses in plants. Front Plant Sci 7:760CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  225. Pornsiriwong W, Estavillo GM, Chan KX et al (2017) A chloroplast retrograde signal, 3′-phosphoadenosine 5′-phosphate, acts as a secondary messenger in abscisic acid signaling in stomatal closure and germination. ELife 6:e23361. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  226. Prasad PVV, Staggenborg SA, Ristic Z (2008) Impacts of drought and/or heat stress on physiological, developmental, growth, and yield processes of crop plants. In: Response of crops to limited water: Understanding and modeling water stress effects on plant growth processes (response of crops), pp 301–355Google Scholar
  227. Puhakainen T, Hess MW, Mäkelä P et al (2004) Overexpression of multiple dehydrin genes enhances tolerance to freezing stress in Arabidopsis. Plant Mol Biol 54:743–753CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. Puranik S, Sahu PP, Srivastava PS, Prasad M (2012) NAC proteins: regulation and role in stress tolerance. Trends Plant Sci 17:369–381CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Qiao B, Zhang Q, Liu D et al (2015) A calcium-binding protein, rice annexin OsANN1, enhances heat stress tolerance by modulating the production of H2O2. J Exp Bot 66:5853–5866CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  230. Rahnama A, Poustini K, Tavakkol-Afshari R, Tavakoli A (2010) Growth and stomatal responses of bread wheat genotypes in tolerance to salt stress. Int J Biol Life Sci 6:216–221Google Scholar
  231. Rakhra G, Sharma AD (2012) Expression analysis of some boiling stable proteins (Hydrophilins) under combined effect of drought stress and heat shock in drought tolerant and susceptible cultivars of Triticum aestivum. Agric Agric Pract Sci J 81:1–10Google Scholar
  232. Ranty B, Aldon D, Cotelle V et al (2016) Calcium sensors as key hubs in plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. Front Plant Sci 7:327CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  233. Rasul I, Nadeem H, Siddique MH et al (2017) Plants sensory-response mechanisms for salinity and heat stress. JAPS J Anim Plant Sci 27:490–502Google Scholar
  234. Reddy ASN, Ali GS, Celesnik H, Day IS (2011) Coping with stresses: roles of calcium-and calcium/calmodulin-regulated gene expression. Plant Cell 23:2010–2032CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  235. Renaut J, Hoffmann L, Hausman J (2005) Biochemical and physiological mechanisms related to cold acclimation and enhanced freezing tolerance in poplar plantlets. Physiol Plant 125:82–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. Reuscher S, Akiyama M, Mori C et al (2013) Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of aquaporins in tomato. PLoS ONE 8:e79052CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  237. Rexroth S, Mullineaux CW, Ellinger D et al (2011) The plasma membrane of the cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus contains segregated bioenergetic domains. Plant Cell 23:2379–2390CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  238. Reyes JL, Rodrigo M, Colmener-Flores JM et al (2005) Hydrophilins from distant organisms can protect enzymatic activities from water limitation effects in vitro. Plant Cell Environ 28:709–718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. Rizhsky L, Liang H, Shuman J et al (2004) When defense pathways collide. The response of Arabidopsis to a combination of drought and heat stress. Plant Physiol 134:1683–1696CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  240. Rollins JA, Habte E, Templer SE et al (2013) Leaf proteome alterations in the context of physiological and morphological responses to drought and heat stress in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). J Exp Bot 64:3201–3212CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  241. Rosenzweig C, Elliott J, Deryng D et al (2014) Assessing agricultural risks of climate change in the 21st century in a global gridded crop model intercomparison. Proc Natl Acad Sci 111:3268–3273CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. Roy S (2016) Function of MYB domain transcription factors in abiotic stress and epigenetic control of stress response in plant genome. Plant Signal Behav 11:e1117723CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. Rushton PJ, Bokowiec MT, Han S et al (2008) Tobacco transcription factors: novel insights into transcriptional regulation in the Solanaceae. Plant Physiol 147:280–295CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  244. Saad RB, Zouari N, Ben Ramdhan W et al (2010) Improved drought and salt stress tolerance in transgenic tobacco overexpressing a novel A20/AN1 zinc-finger “AlSAP” gene isolated from the halophyte grass Aeluropus littoralis. Plant Mol Biol 72:171CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. Saibo NJ, Lourenço T, Oliveira MM (2009) Transcription factors and regulation of photosynthetic and related metabolism under environmental stresses. Ann Bot 103:609–623CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. Sakuraba Y, Kim Y-S, Han S-H et al (2015) The Arabidopsis transcription factor NAC016 promotes drought stress responses by repressing AREB1 transcription through a trifurcate feed-forward regulatory loop involving NAP. Plant Cell 27:1771–1787CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  247. Šamajová O, Plíhal O, Al-Yousif M et al (2013) Improvement of stress tolerance in plants by genetic manipulation of mitogen-activated protein kinases. Biotechnol Adv 31:118–128CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. Sato A, Sato Y, Fukao Y et al (2009) Threonine at position 306 of the KAT1 potassium channel is essential for channel activity and is a target site for ABA-activated SnRK2/OST1/SnRK2. 6 protein kinase. Biochem J 424:439–448CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Schaller GE, Kieber JJ, Shiu S-H (2008) Two-component signaling elements and histidyl-aspartyl phosphorelays. Arab B 6:e0112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. Schulz P, Herde M, Romeis T (2013) Calcium-dependent protein kinases: hubs in plant stress signaling and development. Plant Physiol 163:523–530CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  251. Sehgal A, Sita K, Kumar J et al (2017a) Effects of drought, heat and their interaction on the growth, yield and photosynthetic function of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) genotypes varying in heat and drought sensitivity. Front Plant Sci 8:1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. Sehgal A, Sita K, Kumar J et al (2017b) Effects of drought, heat and their interaction on the growth, yield and photosynthetic function of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) genotypes varying in heat and drought sensitivity. Front Plant Sci 8:1776CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  253. Sewelam N, Oshima Y, Mitsuda N, OHME-TAKAGI M (2014) A step towards understanding plant responses to multiple environmental stresses: a genome-wide study. Plant Cell Environ 37:2024–2035CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. Shanker AK, Maheswari M, Yadav SK et al (2014) Drought stress responses in crops. Funct Integr Genom 14:11–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  255. Shao H-B, Chu L-Y, Jaleel CA et al (2009) Understanding water deficit stress-induced changes in the basic metabolism of higher plants–biotechnologically and sustainably improving agriculture and the ecoenvironment in arid regions of the globe. Crit Rev Biotechnol 29:131–151CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. Shao H, Wang H, Tang X (2015) NAC transcription factors in plant multiple abiotic stress responses: progress and prospects. Front Plant Sci 6:902CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  257. Sharma AD, Kaur P (2009) Combined effect of drought stress and heat shock on cyclophilin protein expression in Triticum aestivum. Gen Appl Plant Physiol 35:88–92Google Scholar
  258. Shen H, Zhong X, Zhao F et al (2015) Overexpression of receptor-like kinase ERECTA improves thermotolerance in rice and tomato. Nat Biotechnol 33:996CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  259. Shi J, An H-L, Zhang L et al (2010) GhMPK7, a novel multiple stress-responsive cotton group C MAPK gene, has a role in broad spectrum disease resistance and plant development. Plant Mol Biol 74:1–17CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. Shi H, Ye T, Zhu J-K, Chan Z (2014) Constitutive production of nitric oxide leads to enhanced drought stress resistance and extensive transcriptional reprogramming in Arabidopsis. J Exp Bot 65:4119–4131CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  261. Shih M-D, Hoekstra FA, Hsing Y-IC (2008) Late embryogenesis abundant proteins. In: Kader JC, Delseny M (eds) Advances in botanical research. Elsevier, pp 211–225Google Scholar
  262. Shiraya T, Mori T, Maruyama T et al (2015) Golgi/plastid-type manganese superoxide dismutase involved in heat-stress tolerance during grain filling of rice. Plant Biotechnol J 13:1251–1263CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. Shiu S-H, Karlowski WM, Pan R et al (2004) Comparative analysis of the receptor-like kinase family in Arabidopsis and rice. Plant Cell 16:1220–1234CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  264. Shu Y, Liu Y, Zhang J et al (2016) Genome-wide analysis of the AP2/ERF superfamily genes and their responses to abiotic stress in Medicago truncatula. Front Plant Sci 6:124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. Silvestri C, Celletti S, Cristofori V et al (2017) Olive (Olea europaea L.) plants transgenic for tobacco osmotin gene are less sensitive to in vitro-induced drought stress. Acta Physiol Plant 39:229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. Simeunovic A, Mair A, Wurzinger B, Teige M (2016) Know where your clients are: subcellular localization and targets of calcium-dependent protein kinases. J Exp Bot 67:3855–3872CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  267. Singh NK, Nelson DE, Kuhn D et al (1989) Molecular cloning of osmotin and regulation of its expression by ABA and adaptation to low water potential. Plant Physiol 90:1096–1101CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  268. Singh A, Kushwaha HR, Soni P et al (2015) Tissue specific and abiotic stress regulated transcription of histidine kinases in plants is also influenced by diurnal rhythm. Front Plant Sci 6:711PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  269. Sinha AK, Ara H (2014) Conscientiousness of mitogen activated protein kinases in acquiring tolerance for abiotic stresses in plants. Proc Indian Natl Sci Acad 80:211–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. Sinha AK, Jaggi M, Raghuram B, Tuteja N (2011) Mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in plants under abiotic stress. Plant Signal Behav 6:196–203CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  271. Sita K, Sehgal A, Kumar J et al (2017) Identification of high-temperature tolerant lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) genotypes through leaf and pollen traits. Front Plant Sci 8:1–27Google Scholar
  272. Sornaraj P, Luang S, Lopato S, Hrmova M (2016) Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors involved in abiotic stresses: a molecular model of a wheat bZIP factor and implications of its structure in function. Biochim Biophys Acta (BBA)-Gen Subj 1860:46–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. Sun L, Liu Y, Kong X et al (2012) ZmHSP16. 9, a cytosolic class I small heat shock protein in maize (Zea mays), confers heat tolerance in transgenic tobacco. Plant Cell Rep 31:1473–1484CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  274. Susan J, Fatemeh R, Latifeh P (2013) Effect of abiotic stresses on histidine kinases gene expression in Zea mays L. cv. SC. 704. J Stress Physiol Biochem 9:124–135Google Scholar
  275. Suzuki N (2016) Hormone signaling pathways under stress combinations. Plant Signal Behav 11:e1247139CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  276. Suzuki N, Miller G, Salazar C et al (2013) Temporal-spatial interaction between reactive oxygen species and abscisic acid regulates rapid systemic acclimation in plants. Plant Cell 25:3553–3569CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  277. Takeuchi K, Gyohda A, Tominaga M et al (2016) RSOsPR10 expression in response to environmental stresses is regulated antagonistically by jasmonate/ethylene and salicylic acid signaling pathways in rice roots. Plant Cell Physiol 52:1686–1696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. Tang N, Zhang H, Li X et al (2012) Constitutive activation of transcription factor OsbZIP46 improves drought tolerance in rice. Plant Physiol 158:111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  279. Team CW, Pachauri RK, Meyer LA (2014) IPCC, 2014: climate change 2014: synthesis report. Contribution of Working Groups I. II III to Fifth Assess Rep Intergov panel Clim Chang IPCC, Geneva, Switz 151Google Scholar
  280. Thirumalaikumar VP, Devkar V, Mehterov N et al (2017) NAC transcription factor JUNGBRUNNEN1 enhances drought tolerance in tomato. Plant Biotechnol J 16:354–366CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  281. Tian X, Wang Z, Li X et al (2015) Characterization and functional analysis of pyrabactin resistance-like abscisic acid receptor family in rice. Rice 8:28CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  282. Tran L-SP, Urao T, Qin F et al (2007) Functional analysis of AHK1/ATHK1 and cytokinin receptor histidine kinases in response to abscisic acid, drought, and salt stress in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci 104:20623–20628CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. Tran L-SP, Nishiyama R, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Shinozaki K (2010) Potential utilization of NAC transcription factors to enhance abiotic stress tolerance in plants by biotechnological approach. GM Crops 1:32–39CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. Tripathi P, Rabara RC, Rushton PJ (2014) A systems biology perspective on the role of WRKY transcription factors in drought responses in plants. Planta 239:255–266CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  285. Tu M, Wang X, Huang L et al (2016) Expression of a grape bZIP transcription factor, VqbZIP39, in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana confers tolerance of multiple abiotic stresses. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 125:537–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. Tunnacliffe A, Hincha DK, Leprince O, Macherel D (2010) LEA proteins: versatility of form and function. In: Lubzens E, Cerda J, Clarke M (eds) Dormancy and resistance in harsh environments. Topics in current genetics, vol 21. Springer, Berlin, pp 91–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  287. Tuteja N, Gill SS (2016) Abiotic stress response in plants. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. Tuteja N, Sopory SK (2008) Plant signaling in stress: G-protein coupled receptors, heterotrimeric G-proteins and signal coupling via phospholipases. Plant Signal Behav 3:79–86CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  289. Udvardi MK, Kakar K, Wandrey M et al (2007) Legume transcription factors: global regulators of plant development and response to the environment. Plant Physiol 144:538–549CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  290. Ullah H, Chen J-G, Wang S, Jones AM (2002) Role of a heterotrimeric G protein in regulation of Arabidopsis seed germination. Plant Physiol 129:897–907CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  291. Umezawa T, Sugiyama N, Takahashi F et al (2013) Genetics and phosphoproteomics reveal a protein phosphorylation network in the abscisic acid signaling pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana. Sci Signal 6:rs8CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  292. Urano D, Jones AM (2014) Heterotrimeric G protein–coupled signaling in plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol 65:365–384CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  293. Vahisalu T, Puzõrjova I, Brosché M et al (2010) Ozone-triggered rapid stomatal response involves the production of reactive oxygen species, and is controlled by SLAC1 and OST1. Plant J 62:442–453CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. Van Loon LC, Van Strien EA (1999) The families of pathogenesis-related proteins, their activities, and comparative analysis of PR-1 type proteins. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 55:85–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  295. Varshney RK, Chen W, Li Y et al (2012) Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers. Nat Biotechnol 30:83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  296. Varshney RK, Song C, Saxena RK et al (2013) Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nat Biotechnol 31:240CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  297. Verma AK, Deepti S (2016) Abiotic stress and crop improvement: current scenario. Adv Plants Agric Res 4:149Google Scholar
  298. Vij S, Tyagi AK (2006) Genome-wide analysis of the stress associated protein (SAP) gene family containing A20/AN1 zinc-finger (s) in rice and their phylogenetic relationship with Arabidopsis. Mol Genet Genom 276:565–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  299. Vij S, Tyagi AK (2008) A20/AN1 zinc-finger domain-containing proteins in plants and animals represent common elements in stress response. Funct Integr Genom 8:301–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  300. Viktorova J, Krasny L, Kamlar M et al (2012) Osmotin, a pathogenesis-related protein. Curr Protein Pept Sci 13:672–681CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. Virdi AS, Singh S, Singh P (2015) Abiotic stress responses in plants: roles of calmodulin-regulated proteins. Front Plant Sci 6:809CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  302. Vishwakarma K, Upadhyay N, Kumar N et al (2017) Abscisic acid signaling and abiotic stress tolerance in plants: a review on current knowledge and future prospects. Front Plant Sci 8:161PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  303. Wahid A, Close TJ (2007) Expression of dehydrins under heat stress and their relationship with water relations of sugarcane leaves. Biol Plant 51:104–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  304. Wahid A, Gelani S, Ashraf M, Foolad MR (2007) Heat tolerance in plants: an overview. Environ Exp Bot 61:199–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  305. Wang X-Q, Ullah H, Jones AM, Assmann SM (2001) G protein regulation of ion channels and abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells. Science 292:2070–2072CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  306. Wang W, Vinocur B, Shoseyov O, Altman A (2004) Role of plant heat-shock proteins and molecular chaperones in the abiotic stress response. Trends Plant Sci 9:244–252CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  307. Wang J, Sun N, Deng T et al (2014a) Genome-wide cloning, identification, classification and functional analysis of cotton heat shock transcription factors in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). BMC Genom 15:961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  308. Wang M, Li P, Li C et al (2014b) SiLEA14, a novel atypical LEA protein, confers abiotic stress resistance in foxtail millet. BMC Plant Biol 14:290CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  309. Wang X, Zeng J, Li Y et al (2015) Expression of TaWRKY44, a wheat WRKY gene, in transgenic tobacco confers multiple abiotic stress tolerances. Front Plant Sci 6:615PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  310. Wang C, Lu W, He X et al (2016a) The cotton mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 functions in drought tolerance by regulating stomatal responses and root growth. Plant Cell Physiol 57:1629–1642CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  311. Wang H, Wang H, Shao H, Tang X (2016b) Recent advances in utilizing transcription factors to improve plant abiotic stress tolerance by transgenic technology. Front Plant Sci 7:67PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  312. Wang X, Yan B, Shi M et al (2016c) Overexpression of a Brassica campestris HSP70 in tobacco confers enhanced tolerance to heat stress. Protoplasma 253:637–645CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  313. Wang C, Lu G, Hao Y et al (2017a) ABP9, a maize bZIP transcription factor, enhances tolerance to salt and drought in transgenic cotton. Planta 246:453–469CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  314. Wang L, Li Q-T, Lei Q et al (2017b) Ectopically expressing MdPIP1; 3, an aquaporin gene, increased fruit size and enhanced drought tolerance of transgenic tomatoes. BMC Plant Biol 17:246CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  315. Wang L, Li Z, Lu M, Wang Y (2017c) ThNAC13, a NAC transcription factor from Tamarix hispida, confers salt and osmotic stress tolerance to transgenic tamarix and Arabidopsis. Front Plant Sci 8:635CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  316. Wang X, Zhang L, Zhang Y et al (2017d) Triticum aestivum WRAB18 functions in plastids and confers abiotic stress tolerance when overexpressed in Escherichia coli and Nicotiania benthamiana. PLoS ONE 12:e0171340CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  317. Wei S, Hu W, Deng X et al (2014) A rice calcium-dependent protein kinase OsCPK9 positively regulates drought stress tolerance and spikelet fertility. BMC Plant Biol 14:133CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  318. Wei Q, Luo Q, Wang R et al (2017) A Wheat R2R3-type MYB transcription factor TaODORANT1 positively regulates drought and salt Stress responses in transgenic Tobacco plants. Front Plant Sci 8:1374CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  319. Wohlbach DJ, Quirino BF, Sussman MR (2008) Analysis of the Arabidopsis histidine kinase ATHK1 reveals a connection between vegetative osmotic stress sensing and seed maturation. Plant Cell 20:1101–1117CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  320. Wu L, Zu X, Zhang H et al (2015) Overexpression of ZmMAPK1 enhances drought and heat stress in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Mol Biol 88:429–443CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  321. Xiang Y, Tang N, Du H et al (2008) Characterization of OsbZIP23 as a key player of bZIP transcription factor family for conferring ABA sensitivity and salinity and drought tolerance in rice. Plant Physiol 148:1938–1952CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  322. Xie R, Zheng L, Deng L et al (2014) The role of R2R3MYB transcription factors in plant stress tolerance. J Anim Plant Sci 24:1821–1833Google Scholar
  323. Xin H, Zhang H, Zhong X et al (2017) Over-expression of LlHsfA2b, a lily heat shock transcription factor lacking trans-activation activity in yeast, can enhance tolerance to heat and oxidative stress in transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 130:617–629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  324. Xiong L, Zhu J (2002) Molecular and genetic aspects of plant responses to osmotic stress. Plant Cell Environ 25:131–139CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  325. Xu C, Huang B (2012) Comparative analysis of proteomic responses to single and simultaneous drought and heat stress for two Kentucky bluegrass cultivars. Crop Sci 52:1246–1260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  326. Xu G-Y, Rocha PSCF, Wang M-L et al (2011) A novel rice calmodulin-like gene, OsMSR2, enhances drought and salt tolerance and increases ABA sensitivity in Arabidopsis. Planta 234:47–59CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. Xu C, Wang M, Zhou L et al (2013) Heterologous expression of the wheat aquaporin gene TaTIP2; 2 compromises the abiotic stress tolerance of Arabidopsis thaliana. PLoS ONE 8:e79618CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  328. Xu D-B, Gao S-Q, Ma Y-Z et al (2014a) ABI-like transcription factor gene TaABL1 from wheat improves multiple abiotic stress tolerances in transgenic plants. Funct Integr Genom 14:717–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  329. Xu Y, Hu W, Liu J et al (2014b) A banana aquaporin gene, MaPIP1; 1, is involved in tolerance to drought and salt stresses. BMC Plant Biol 14:59CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  330. Xu K, Chen S, Li T et al (2015) OsGRAS23, a rice GRAS transcription factor gene, is involved in drought stress response through regulating expression of stress-responsive genes. BMC Plant Biol 15:141CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  331. Yadav DK, Tuteja N (2011) Rice G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) In silico analysis and transcription regulation under abiotic stress. Plant Signal Behav 6:1079–1086CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  332. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Shinozaki K (2006) Transcriptional regulatory networks in cellular responses and tolerance to dehydration and cold stresses. Annu Rev Plant Biol 57:781–803CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  333. Yang Y-G, Lv W-T, Li M-J et al (2013) Maize membrane-bound transcription factor Zmbzip17 is a key regulator in the cross-talk of ER quality control and ABA signaling. Plant Cell Physiol 54:2020–2033CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. Yang G, Yu L, Zhang K et al (2017) A ThDREB gene from Tamarix hispida improved the salt and drought tolerance of transgenic tobacco and T. hispida. Plant Physiol Biochem 113:187–197CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  335. Ye Y, Ding Y, Jiang Q et al (2017) The role of receptor-like protein kinases (RLKs) in abiotic stress response in plants. Plant Cell Rep 36:235–242CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  336. Yin X, Huang L, Wang M et al (2017) OsDSR-1, a calmodulin-like gene, improves drought tolerance through scavenging of reactive oxygen species in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Mol Breed 37(6):75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  337. Yoshida T, Fujita Y, Sayama H et al (2010) AREB1, AREB2, and ABF3 are master transcription factors that cooperatively regulate ABRE-dependent ABA signaling involved in drought stress tolerance and require ABA for full activation. Plant J 61:672–685CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. You J, Zong W, Hu H et al (2014) A SNAC1-regulated protein phosphatase gene OsPP18 modulates drought and oxidative stress tolerance through ABA-independent reactive oxygen species scavenging in rice. Plant Physiol 166:114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  339. Yu Q, An L, Li W (2014) The CBL–CIPK network mediates different signaling pathways in plants. Plant Cell Rep 33:203–214CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  340. Yu J, Lai Y, Wu X et al (2016) Overexpression of OsEm1 encoding a group I LEA protein confers enhanced drought tolerance in rice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 478:703–709CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. Yu X, Takebayashi A, Demura T, Ohtani M (2017) Differential expression of poplar sucrose nonfermenting1-related protein kinase 2 genes in response to abiotic stress and abscisic acid. J Plant Res 130:929–940CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  342. Yue C, Cao H, Wang L et al (2014) Molecular cloning and expression analysis of tea plant aquaporin (AQP) gene family. Plant Physiol Biochem 83:65–76CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. Zandalinas SI, Rivero RM, Martínez V et al (2016) Tolerance of citrus plants to the combination of high temperatures and drought is associated to the increase in transpiration modulated by a reduction in abscisic acid levels. BMC Plant Biol 16:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  344. Zandalinas SI, Sales C, Beltrán J et al (2017) Activation of secondary metabolism in citrus plants is associated to sensitivity to combined drought and high temperatures. Front Plant Sci 7:1954CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  345. Zandalinas SI, Mittler R, Balfagón D et al (2018) Plant adaptations to the combination of drought and high temperatures. Physiol Plant 162:2–12CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  346. Zargar SM, Nagar P, Deshmukh R et al (2017) Aquaporins as potential drought tolerance inducing proteins: towards instigating stress tolerance. J Proteom 169:233–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  347. Zeng H, Xu L, Singh A et al (2015) Involvement of calmodulin and calmodulin-like proteins in plant responses to abiotic stresses. Front Plant Sci 6:600PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  348. Zhang Y (2014) Identification and characterization of the grape WRKY family. Biomed Res Int 14:787680Google Scholar
  349. Zhang YX, Chen L (2017) Overexpression of the receptor-like kinase gene OsNRRB enhances drought-stress tolerance in rice. Euphytica 213:86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  350. Zhang J, Jia W, Yang J, Ismail AM (2006) Role of ABA in integrating plant responses to drought and salt stresses. Field Crop Res 97:111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  351. Zhang H, Liang W, Yang X et al (2010) Carbon starved anther encodes a MYB domain protein that regulates sugar partitioning required for rice pollen development. Plant Cell 22:672–689CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  352. Zhang L, Xi D, Li S et al (2011) A cotton group C MAP kinase gene, GhMPK2, positively regulates salt and drought tolerance in tobacco. Plant Mol Biol 77:17–31CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  353. Zhang T, Chen S, Harmon AC (2014) Protein phosphorylation in stomatal movement. Plant Signal Behav 9:e972845CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  354. Zhang J, Li Y, Jia H-X et al (2015) The heat shock factor gene family in Salix suchowensis: a genome-wide survey and expression profiling during development and abiotic stresses. Front Plant Sci 6:74Google Scholar
  355. Zhang X, Zhang B, Li MJ et al (2016) OsMSR15 encoding a rice C2H2-type zinc finger protein confers enhanced drought tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. J Plant Biol 59:271–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  356. Zhao Y, Chan Z, Xing L et al (2013a) The unique mode of action of a divergent member of the ABA-receptor protein family in ABA and stress signaling. Cell Res 23:1380CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  357. Zhao Y, Liu W, Xu Y-P et al (2013b) Genome-wide identification and functional analyses of calmodulin genes in Solanaceous species. BMC Plant Biol 13:70CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  358. Zhao Y, Chan Z, Gao J et al (2016) ABA receptor PYL9 promotes drought resistance and leaf senescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci 113:1949–1954CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  359. Zhou W, Jia C-G, Wu X et al (2016) ZmDBF3, a novel transcription factor from maize (Zea mays L.), is involved in multiple abiotic stress tolerance. Plant Mol Biol Rep 34:353–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  360. Zhu JK (2002) Salt and drought stress signal transduction in plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol 53:247–273CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  361. Zhu J-K (2016) Abiotic stress signaling and responses in plants. Cell 167:313–324CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  362. Zhu X, Thalor SK, Takahashi Y et al (2012) An inhibitory effect of the sequence-conserved upstream open-reading frame on the translation of the main open-reading frame of HsfB1 transcripts in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Environ 35:2014–2030CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  363. Zhu X, Dunand C, Snedden W, Galaud J-P (2015) CaM and CML emergence in the green lineage. Trends Plant Sci 20:483–489CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  364. Zlatev Z, Lidon FC (2012) An overview on drought induced changes in plant growth, water relations and photosynthesis. Emir J Food Agric 24:57–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  365. Zong J-M, Li X-W, Zhou Y-H et al (2016) The AaDREB1 transcription factor from the cold-tolerant plant Adonis amurensis enhances abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic plant. Int J Mol Sci 17:611CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  366. Zou Y, Liu X, Wang Q et al (2014) OsRPK1, a novel leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase, negatively regulates polar auxin transport and root development in rice. Biochim Biophys Acta (BBA) Gen Subj 1840:1676–1685CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manu Priya
    • 1
  • Om P. Dhanker
    • 2
  • Kadambot H. M. Siddique
    • 3
  • Bindumadhava HanumanthaRao
    • 4
  • Ramakrishnan M. Nair
    • 4
  • Sarita Pandey
    • 5
  • Sadhana Singh
    • 5
  • Rajeev K. Varshney
    • 5
  • P. V. Vara Prasad
    • 6
  • Harsh Nayyar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BotanyPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Stockbridge School of AgricultureUniversity of Massachusetts AmherstAmherstUSA
  3. 3.The UWA Institute of AgricultureUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  4. 4.World Vegetable Center, South AsiaHyderabadIndia
  5. 5.Center of Excellence in Genomics and Systems BiologyInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid TropicsPatancheru, HyderabadIndia
  6. 6.Sustainable Intensification Innovation LabKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

Personalised recommendations