This work reports the molecular characterisation of new alleles of the previously reported Glu-R1 locus. Wheat lines carrying the chromosome substitution 1R(1D), rye cultivars and related wild species were analysed. Five new x-type and four y-type Glu-R1 glutenin subunits were isolated and characterised. The coding region of the sequences shows the typical structure of the HMW glutenin genes previously described in wheat, with the N and C-terminal domains flanking the central repetitive region. Tri-, hexa- and nona-peptides found in the central repetitive region of wheat glutenin genes were also present in the rye genes. Duplications and deletions of these motifs are responsible for allelic variation at the Glu-R1 locus. Orthologous genes (from different genomes) were more closely related than paralogous genes (x- and y-type), supporting the hypothesis of gene duplication before Triticeae speciation. Differences in the number and position of cysteine residues identified alleles which in wheat are associated with good dough quality. SDS proteins encoded by some characterised alleles were presumptively identified.
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De Bustos, A., Jouve, N. Characterisation and analysis of new HMW-glutenin alleles encoded by the Glu-R1 locus of Secale cereale. Theor Appl Genet 107, 74–83 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1234-z
- High-molecular-weight-glutenin Glu-R1 Orthologous genes Secale cereale Triticum aestivum