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Genetics of resistance to anthracnose and identification of AFLP and RAPD markers linked to the resistance gene in PI 320937 germplasm of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus)

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Abstract.

Anthracnose, caused by Colletotrichum truncatum, is a major disease problem and production constraint of lentil in North America. The research was conducted to examine the resistance to anthracnose in PI 320937 lentil and to identify molecular markers linked to the resistance gene in a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population developed from a cross of Eston lentil, the susceptible parent, and PI 320937, the resistant parent. A total of 147 F5:6 RILs were evaluated for resistance to anthracnose in the greenhouse using isolate 95B36 of C. truncatum. Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) strategy was employed and two contrasting DNA bulks were constructed based on greenhouse inoculation of F5-derived F6 RILs. DNA from the parents and bulks were screened with 700 RAPD primers and seven AFLP primer combinations. Analysis of segregation data indicated that a major dominant gene was responsible for resistance to anthracnose while variations in the resistance level among RILs could be the influences of minor genes. We designate the major gene as LCt-2. MapMaker analysis produced two flanking RAPD markers OPEO61250 and UBC-704700 linked to LCt-2 locus in repulsion (6.4 cM) and in coupling (10.5 cM), respectively. Also, three AFLP markers, EMCTTACA350 and EMCTTAGG375 in coupling, and EMCTAAAG175 in repulsion, were linked to the LCt-2 locus. These markers could be used to tag the LCt-2 locus and facilitate marker-assisted selection for resistance to anthracnose in segregating populations of lentil in which PI 320937 was used as the source of resistance. Also, a broader application of the linked RAPD markers was also demonstrated in Indianhead lentil, widely used as a source of resistance to anthracnose in the breeding program at the Crop Development Centre, University of Saskatchewan. Further selection within the few F5:6 lines should be effective in pyramiding one or several of the minor genes into the working germplasm of lentil, resulting in a more durable and higher level of resistance.

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Tullu, .A., Buchwaldt, .L., Warkentin, .T. et al. Genetics of resistance to anthracnose and identification of AFLP and RAPD markers linked to the resistance gene in PI 320937 germplasm of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus). Theor Appl Genet 106, 428–434 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-002-1042-x

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  • Lentil Disease resistance Colletotrichum truncatum RAPD and AFLP markers