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Intergeneric hybridization between Erucastrum canariense and Brassica rapa. Genetic relatedness between EC and A genomes

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Abstract.

An intergeneric hybrid between a wild species, Erucastrum canariense (2n = 18; ECEC), and a cultivated oilseed brassica species, Brassica rapa (2n = 20; AA), was synthesized through ovary culture in White's basal medium supplemented with casein hydrolysate. Morphological, cytological and DNA-based analysis helped to establish the hybrid nature of the derived plants. Hybrid plants were morphologically intermediate between the two parents and were completely male, as well as female sterile. Cytological analysis revealed the occurrence of 19 I in about 38% of the PMCs investigated. However 1–8 bivalents/PMC were also observed, indicating a significant level of homology between the two genomes. Normal chromosome pairing and pollen fertility was restored following colchiploidy. The intergeneric amphiploid developed during the investigation can be used as a bridging species for the transfer of desirable genes from EC to cultivated genomes (especially A and C), and for resistance to Alternaria blight and mustard aphid. Under field conditions, the E. canariense intergeneric hybrid and the amphiploid appeared to be moderately resistant to Alternaria blight and also harboured a significantly lower population of mustard aphid than the cultivated B. rapa.

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Bhaskar, .P., Ahuja, .I., Janeja, .H. et al. Intergeneric hybridization between Erucastrum canariense and Brassica rapa. Genetic relatedness between EC and A genomes. Theor Appl Genet 105, 754–758 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-002-0915-3

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  • Wide hybridization Brassica rapa Erucastrum canariense Ovary culture Genome relatedness