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Anatomie und Pathobiomechanik des Skaphoids

  • M. F. Langer
  • F. Unglaub
  • S. Breiter
  • J. Ueberberg
  • B. Wieskötter
  • S. Oeckenpöhler
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Unter den Handwurzelknochen hat das Kahnbein (Os scaphoideum) die größte Bedeutung. Die häufigste Fraktur des Carpus ist der Kahnbeinbruch. Die ebenfalls häufige, ausbleibende Heilung dieses Bruchs führt wie die nichtgeheilte Ruptur des Bandkomplexes zwischen Kahnbein und Mondbein (Os lunatum) zu den folgenschwersten biomechanischen und damit gravierendsten klinischen Veränderungen des Handgelenks. Detaillierte Anatomie des Kahnbeins, Durchblutung, Bandverbindungen, Verletzungsmechanismen sowie Pathobiomechanik werden beschrieben und illustriert.

Schlüsselwörter

Kahnbein Bewegung Bänder Knochenfrakturen Medizinische Illustration 

Anatomy and pathobiomechanics of the scaphoid

Abstract

Among the carpal bones the scaphoid (Os scaphoideum) is the most important. The most frequent fracture of the carpus is a fracture of the scaphoid bone. The frequently occurring absence of healing of these fractures as well as unhealed ruptures of the ligament complex between the scaphoid and lunate, lead to the most severe biomechanical and thus the most severe clinical changes of the wrist. The detailed anatomy of the scaphoid, blood flow, ligament attachments, injury mechanisms and pathobiomechanics are described and illustrated.

Keywords

Scaphoid fracture Movement Ligaments Bone fractures Medical illustration 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

M.F. Langer, F. Unglaub, S. Breiter, J. Ueberberg, B. Wieskötter und S. Oeckenpöhler geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. Langer
    • 1
  • F. Unglaub
    • 2
  • S. Breiter
    • 1
  • J. Ueberberg
    • 1
  • B. Wieskötter
    • 1
  • S. Oeckenpöhler
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik für Unfall‑, Hand- und WiederherstellungschirurgieUniversitätsklinikum MünsterMünsterDeutschland
  2. 2.Abteilung für HandchirurgieVulpius Klinik GmbH Bad RappenauBad RappenauDeutschland

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