European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 77, Issue 4, pp 581–591 | Cite as

Pretreated unbleached cellulose screen reject for cement-bonded fiberboards

  • Antônia Amanda da Silva César
  • Lina BufalinoEmail author
  • Arthur Setsuo Tahara
  • Ricardo Gabriel de Almeida Mesquita
  • Tiago Marcolino de Souza
  • Láysa Maria Ferreira Andrade
  • Fábio Akira Mori
  • Lourival Marin Mendes


Unbleached screen reject (USR) is a byproduct widely available from the kraft pulping that is rich in cellulose and requires a sustainable destination. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to determine the best condition to apply USR as reinforcement of cement-bonded fiber boards (CBFBs); using raw or pretreated USRs through water or sodium hydroxide immersion followed or not by refining. The size distribution, fiber morphology and chemical composition of the USR were investigated. The CBFBs were produced using the following parameters: wood:cement ratio of 1:2.75; water:cement ratio of 1:2.5; hydration rate of 25%; 4 wt% of the CaCl2 additive (based on cement mass); target density of 1.4 g/cm3; and thickness of 15 mm. Physical and mechanical properties of the USR-containing CBFBs were evaluated. Obtained results indicated that USR consists of preserved fiber bundles weakly attached to each other. Their main proportion (> 95 wt%) is composed of particles greater than 20 mesh. The refining process slightly affects morphology and size distribution whereas immersion treatments partially removed lignin precipitates. The alkaline pretreatment of the waste followed by refining proved to be the best condition to improve the composites’ physical and mechanical properties. Overall, the mechanical and physical strength of the boards was higher or close to that of commercial products, except for MOR and PC. Nonetheless, such challenges could be overcome by improvements in the composite’s composition and the USR pretreatments. Thus, USR waste from cellulose industry showed great potential to be applied as reinforcement of CBFBs.



The authors are grateful for the support of the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level Personnel (CAPES), the Minas Gerais State Research Foundation (Fapemig) and the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antônia Amanda da Silva César
    • 1
  • Lina Bufalino
    • 2
    Email author
  • Arthur Setsuo Tahara
    • 1
  • Ricardo Gabriel de Almeida Mesquita
    • 2
  • Tiago Marcolino de Souza
    • 3
  • Láysa Maria Ferreira Andrade
    • 1
  • Fábio Akira Mori
    • 1
  • Lourival Marin Mendes
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Lavras/UFLALavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Rural Federal University of Amazonia/UFRABelémBrazil
  3. 3.University of Amapá State/UEAPMacapáBrazil

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