European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 77, Issue 2, pp 271–278 | Cite as

Design and mechanical tests of basalt fiber cloth with MAH grafted reinforced bamboo and poplar veneer composite

  • Hongguang Liu
  • Bin Luo
  • Shijie Shen
  • Li LiEmail author


High performance fibers are widely applied to wood-based composites as reinforcement to improve mechanical performance of composites. Design and mechanical performance tests of basalt fiber cloth reinforced bamboo and poplar veneer (BFRBV) composite are presented in this paper. The fiber surface usually needs to be treated to increase the bonding strength of composites. The optimization scheme of maleic anhydride (MAH) treatment parameters was obtained by orthogonal experiment, namely temperature of 50 °C, time of 3 h and concentration of 0.08 mol/L. The mechanical performance of wood composites treated with three methods of fiber surface treatment, namely no treatment, KH550 treatment and KH550 and MAH co-treatment, was tested. The results indicated that the mechanical performance indexes of BFRBV composite were greatly improved with KH550 and MAH co-treatment. In comparison with no treatment, dry shear strength was improved by 113.3%, wet shear strength by 126.2%, peel rate was reduced from 20.15% to 0, and MOR was improved by 35.4%.



The authors are grateful for the support of the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (NO: 2017JC11), China Scholarship Council (NO: 201706515040), MOE Key Laboratory of Wooden Material Science and Application, Beijing Key Laboratory of Wood Science and Engineering.


  1. Al-Malaika S (1997) Reactive Modifiers for Polymers. Blackie Academic & Professional, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bal BC, Bektaş İ, Mengeloğlu F, Karakuş K, Demir H (2015) Some technological properties of poplar plywood panels reinforced with glass fiber fabric. Constr Build Mater 101:952–957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Busfield WK, Brandup J, Immergut EH (1989) Polymer Handbook, 3rd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen J, Wang Y, Gu C, Liu J, Liu Y, Li M, Lu Y (2013) Enhancement of the mechanical properties of basalt fiber-wood-plastic composites via maleic anhydride grafted high-density polyethylene (MAPE) addition. Materials 6:2483–2496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dhand V, Mittal G, Rhee KY, Park S-J, Hui D (2015) A short review on basalt fiber reinforced polymer composites. Compos B 73:166–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fiore V, Scalici T, Bella DG, Valenza A (2015) A review on basalt fibre and its composites. Compos B 74:74–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. GB/T 17657 (2013) Test methods of evaluating the properties of wood-based panels and surface decorated wood-based panels. Standardization Administration of China, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  8. Greco A, Maffezzoli A, Casciaro G, Caretto FC (2014) Mechanical properties of basalt fibers and their adhesion to polypropylene matrices. Compos B 67:233–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Iorio M, Santarelli ML, González-Gaitano G, González-Benito J (2018) Surface modification and characterization of basalt fibers as potential reinforcement of concretes. Applied Surface Science (427):1248–1256Google Scholar
  10. Jie D, Weitao X, Shuangbao Z, Shijie S (2007) Application and fiber-reinforced polymer in engineered wood composites field. China Wood Based Panels (1): 17–20Google Scholar
  11. Jinfen L, Fenghe M, Zhu L (2013) Effect of Maleic anhydride graft on properties of PP/ABS composite. China Plast Ind 41(6):60–63Google Scholar
  12. Junshi Z, Zhengdong Z, Jinlin W (2012) Research progress of glulam and glass fiber reinforced polymer composites. J West China For Sci 41(2):106–109Google Scholar
  13. Lifeng Z, Baohua G, Zengmin Z (2001) Synthesis of PP-g-MAH via solid grafting with a quantitative express method for analyzing MAH content. J Tsinghua Univ (Sci Technol) 41(10):5–8Google Scholar
  14. Liu T, Yu F, Yu X, Zhao X, Lu A, Wang J (2012) Basalt fiber reinforced and elastomer toughened polylactide composites: Mechanical properties, rheology, crystallization, and morphology. J Appl polym Sci 125:1292–1301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Manikandan V, Winowlin Jappes JT, Suresh Kumar SM, Amuthakkannan P (2012) Investigation of the effect of surface modifications on the mechanical properties of basalt fibre reinforced polymer composites. Compos B 43:812–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moad G (1999) The synthesis of polyolefin graft copolymers by reactive extrusion. Prog Polym Sci (24):81–142Google Scholar
  17. Moad G, Solomon DH (1995) The Chemistry of Free Radical Polymerization. Pergamon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  18. Pak S, Park S, Song YS, Lee DL (2018) Micromechanical and dynamic mechanical analyses for characterizing improved interfacial strength of maleic anhydride compatibilized basalt fiber/polypropylene composites. Compos Struct (193):73–79Google Scholar
  19. Russell KE, Kelusky EC (1988) Grafting of maleic anhydride to n-eicosane. J Polym Sci Part A Polym Chem 26:2273–2280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sipos A, McCarthy J, Russell KE (1989) Kinetic studies of grafting of maleic anhydride to hydrocarbon substrates. J Polym Sci Part A Polym Chem 27:3353–3362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sliseris J, Frolovs G, Rocens K, Goremikins V (2013) Optimal design of GFRP-plywood variable stiffness plate. Procedia Eng 57:1060–1069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Song Q-X, Liu H-W, Zhong Z-L, Xu P (2010) Effect of silane coupling agent treatment on tensile properties of single basalt filament. J Tianjin Polytech Univ 29(1):19–22Google Scholar
  23. Tiwaria S, Bijweb J (2014) Surface treatment of carbon fibers - a review. Procedia Technol 14:505–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wei P, Wang BJ, Zhou D, Dai C, Wang Q, Huang S (2013) Mechanical properties of poplar laminated veneer lumber modified by carbon fiber reinforced polymer. BioResources 8(4):4883–4898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhang X, Zhu Y, Jiang S, Zhang Q (2011) Mechanical and aging resistance properties of bamboo-wood composite LVL. China For Sci Technol 25(5):55–57Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Material Science and TechnologyBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations