European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 139–145 | Cite as

Protection of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) materials against fungal decay and discolouration by treatment with wood preservatives

  • Ralf MöllerEmail author
  • Gundula Mild


The efficacy of wood preservatives in protecting lignocellulosic materials of the gramineous species Phyllostachys pubescens (Moso bamboo) against decay by brown-, white- and soft rot fungi and discolouration by mould fungi was investigated. Vacuum treatment with copper amine and metal-free preservatives protected the bamboo material from attack by decay fungi. Solution uptake of the bamboo material was lower than that of the woody reference materials and must be considered for the treatment process. Dipping treatment with the metal-free preservative inhibited growth of mould fungi and prevented discolouration of the material. Untreated bamboo material was more susceptible to decay by white- and soft rot fungi than to decay by brown rot fungi but was generally more resistant to decay than the untreated wooden reference materials.



This study was funded by BASF Wolman GmbH.


  1. Bravery AF (1978) A miniaturised wood-block test for the rapid evaluation of preservative fungicides. Int Res Group Wood Preserv Doc: IRG/WP 2113:57–66Google Scholar
  2. Cheng D, Jiang S, Zhang Q (2013) Mould resistance of Moso bamboo treated by two step heat treatment with different aqueous solutions. Eur J Wood Prod 71:143–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. DIN EN 113 (1996) Wood preservatives—method of test for determining the protective effectiveness against wood destroying basidiomycetes—determination of the toxic values. Beuth Verlag, Berlin, 1996Google Scholar
  4. DIN EN 73 (1988) Wood Preservatives—Accelerated ageing tests of treated wood prior to biological testing—Evaporative ageing procedure. Beuth Verlag, Berlin, 1997Google Scholar
  5. DIN EN 84 (1997) 1997 Wood Preservatives—Accelerated ageing of treated wood prior to biological testing—Leaching procedure. Beuth Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. Göttsche R, Marx H-N (1989) Kupfer-HDO – ein vielseitiger Wirkstoff im Holzschutz. (Copper-HDO—an effective substance variously applicable in wood preservation) (In German). Holz Roh- Werkst 47:509–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kleist G, Morris I, Murphy R (2002) Invasion and colonisation of bamboo culm material by stain and decay fungi. Int Res Group Wood Preserv Doc: IRG/WP 02–10453Google Scholar
  8. Lahiry AK (2005) Introducing bamboo for their importance and conservation. Int Res Group Wood Preserv Doc: IRG/WP 05–10546Google Scholar
  9. Lee AWC, Chen D, Tainter FH (2001) Comparative treatability of Moso bamboo and Southern pine with CCA preservative using a commercial schedule. Biores Technol 77:87–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Leithoff H, Peek R-D (2001) Heat treatment of bamboo. Int Res Group Wood Preserv Doc: IRG/WP 01–40216Google Scholar
  11. Liese W (1998) The anatomy of bamboo culms. INBAR Techn Rep No 18:204Google Scholar
  12. Liese W, Kumar S (2003) Bamboo preservation compendium. INBAR Techn Rep No 22:231Google Scholar
  13. Liu X, Smith GD, Jiang Z, Bock MCD, Boeck F, Frith F, Gatóo A, Liu K, Mulligan H, Semple KE, Sharma B, Ramage M (2016) Nomenclature for engineered bamboo. BioResources 11(1):1141–1161Google Scholar
  14. Lobovikov M, Paudel S, Piazza M, Ren H, Wu J (2007) World bamboo resources. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  15. Ma X, Jiang M, Qin D (2009) Isolation and identification of stain fungi and mould fungi on bamboo wood in China. Int Res Group Wood Preserv Doc: IRG/WP 09–10703Google Scholar
  16. Okahisa Y, Yoshimura T, Imamura Y (2006) Seasonal and height-dependent fluctuation of starch and free glucose contents in moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) and its relation to attack by termites and decay fungi. J Wood Sci 52:445–451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Saharia D, Sarma TC (2012) Screening of macro-fungi responsible for post harvest decay of bamboo culms in storage. The Bioscan 7:95–99Google Scholar
  18. Schmidt O, Wei DS, Liese W, Wollenberg E (2011) Fungal degradation of bamboo samples. Holzforschung 65:883–888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sharma B, Gatóo A, Bock M, Ramage M (2015) Engineered bamboo for structural applications. Constr Build Mater 81:66–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sharma B, Shah DU, Beaugrand J, Janeček E-R, Scherman OA, Ramage MH (2018) Chemical composition of processed bamboo for structural applications. Cellulose 25:3255–3266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tang TKH (2009) Bamboo preservation in Vietnam. Int Res Group Wood Preserv Doc: IRG/WP 09–40457Google Scholar
  22. Terziev N, Nilsson T (1999) Effect of soluble nutrient content in wood on its susceptibility to soft rot and bacterial attack in ground test. Holzforschung 53:575–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wei D, Schmidt O, Liese W (2013a) Durability test of bamboo against fungi according to EN standards. Eur J Wood Prod 71:551–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wei D, Schmidt O, Liese W (2013b) Method to test fungal degradation of bamboo and wood using vermiculite as reservoir for moisture and nutrients. Maderas 15:349–356Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biological Testing LaboratoryBASF Wolman GmbHSinzheimGermany

Personalised recommendations