European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 125–137 | Cite as

Surface properties of different natural precious decorative veneers by plasma modification

  • Xiaorui Peng
  • Zhankuan ZhangEmail author


Five kinds of typical natural precious decorative veneer rosewood, teak, black walnut, northeast China ash and red oak were treated by plasma at different discharge powers and speeds. The surface property changes of the treated and untreated wood were studied via contact angle, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. The measurements showed that the dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma could improve the surface wettability of all five kinds of natural precious decorative veneer, and improvement effects mainly depended on the discharge power and feeding speed. The SEM results showed that the DBD plasma gave remarkable etching on the decorative veneer surface and increased surface roughness. When the feeding speed decreased, the etching was heavier. The XPS results indicated that the carbon element content decreased, while the oxygen element increased. The O/C ratio concentration reached a balance with a higher discharge power, and many carboxyl groups were formed. It was found that the contact angle of teak decorative sliced veneer had the smallest drop and the element ratio of O/C decreased with DBD plasma treatment.



The authors thank for the financial support from the National Key Research and Development Plan of the 13th five-year plan, and the Forestry Resource Cultivation and Utilization Technology Innovation, special emphasis of China 2016YFD0600702; the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Beijing, China; Grant No. 31800490).


  1. Acda MN, Devera EE, Cabangon RJ, Ramos HJ (2012) Effects of plasma modification on adhesion properties of wood. Int J Adhes Adhes 32(1):70–75. Google Scholar
  2. Akitsua T, Ohkawaa H, Tsujib M, Kimurab H, Kogoma M (2005) Plasma sterilization using glow discharge at atmospheric pressure. Surf Coat Technol 93:29–34. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhat NV, Upadhyay DJ (2002) Plasma-induced surface modification and adhesion enhancement of polypropylene surface. J Appl Polym Sci 86(4):925–936. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borcia G, Anderson AC, Brown NMD (2006) Surface treatment of natural and synthetic textiles using adielectric barrier discharge. Surf Coat Technol 201(6):3074–3081. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carrino L, Polini W, Sorrentino L (2004) Ageing time of wettability on polypropylene surfaces processed by cold plasma. J Mater Proces 153–154(22):519–525. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chu PK, Chen J, Wang LP, Huang N (2002) Plasma-surface modification of biomaterials. Mater Sci Eng R Rep 36(5–6), 143–206. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Devanne H, Lavoie BA, Capaday C (1997) Input–output properties and gain changes in the human corticospinal pathway. J Exp Brain Res 114:329–338. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Du GB, Sun ZB, Huang LR (2007) Effect of microwave plasma on surface wettability of common teak wood. Northeast Forest Univ 12:31–33. Google Scholar
  9. Feddes B, Wolke JGC, Vredenberg AM, Jansen JA (2004) Adhesion of calcium phosphate ceramic on polyethylene (PE) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Surf Coat Technol 184:247–254. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guruvenketa S, Mohan R, Komathb G, Manoj R, Ashok M (2004) Plasma surface modification of polystyrene and polyethylene. Appl Surf Sci 236(1–4):278–284. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Halliday D, Rensick R, Walker J (1997) Fundamental of physics. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Kogelschatz U (2003) Dielectric-barrier discharges: their history, discharge physics, and industrial applications. Plasma Chem Plasma Process 23(1):41–46. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lehocký M, Lapčík L Jr, Neves MC, Trindade T, Szyk-Warszynska L, Warszynski P, Hui D (2003) Deposition/detachment of particles on plasma treated polymer surfaces. Mater Sci Forum 426–432(3):2533–2538. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li NC, Xiang Q, Yang CM (2000) Study of the process of making soft artificial decorative veneer. Chin Wood Indus 20(2):41–43. Google Scholar
  15. Liptakova E, Dela JK (1994) Analysis of the wood wetting process. Holzforschung 48:139–144. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu FP, Gardner JD, Wolcott MP (1995) A model for the description of polymer surface dynamic behavior 1. Contact angle vs. polymer surface properties. Langmuir 11:2674–2681. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu Y, Tao Y, Lv XY, Zhang YH, Di MW (2010) Study on the surface properties of wood/polyethylene composites treated under plasma. Appl Surf Sci 257:1112–1118. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Luiz W, Magalhães E, De Souza MF (2002) Solid softwood coated with plasma polymer for water repellence. Surf Coat Technol 155:11–15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mandolfino C, Lertora E, Gambaro C et al (2014) Improving adhesion performance of polyethylene surfaces by cold plasma treatment. Meccanica 49(10):2299–2306. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Noeske M, Degenhardt J, Strudthoff S, Lommatzsch U (2004) Plasma jet treatment of five polymers at atmospheric pressure: surface modifications and the relevance for adhesion. Int J Adhes Adhes 24:171–177. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nussbaum RM (1999) Natural surface inactivation of Scots pine and Norway spruce evaluated by contact angle measurements. Holz Roh Werkst 57(6):419–424. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Peng XR, Zhang ZK (2016a) Research progress in composite mechanism of pliable decorative sliced veneer. Chin Wood Indus 30(6):41–43. Google Scholar
  23. Peng XR, Zhang ZK (2016b) A kind of free aldehyde waterproof plastic membrane enhanced composite pliable decorative sliced veneer and its manufacturing Method. Chinese Patent, No. 201610809177.5Google Scholar
  24. Peng XR, Zhang ZK (2018a) Hot-pressing composite curling deformation characteristics of plastic film-reinforced pliable decorative sliced veneer. Comp Sci Tech 157:40–47. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Peng XR, Zhang ZK (2018b) Influence of plasma treatment on six kinds of wood surface wettability. Sci Silv Sin 1:90–98. Google Scholar
  26. Perisse F, Menecier S, Duffour E, Wacher D, Monier G, Destrebecq JF, Czarniak P, Górski J, Wilkowski J (2017) MDF treatment with a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) torch. Int J Adhes Adhes 79:18–22. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Podgorski L, Chevet B, Onic L, Merlin A (2000) Modification of wood wettability by plasma and corona treatments. Int J Adhes Adhes 20:103–113. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Qin TF (1998) Approach to improve the compatibility of plastic composite interface. World Forest Res 3:46–51. Google Scholar
  29. Szymczyk K, Zdziennicka A, Krawczyk J, Jańczuk B (2012) Wettability, adhesion, adsorption and interface tension in the polymer/surfactant aqueous solution system: II. Work of adhesion and adsorption of surfactant at polymer–solution and solution–air interfaces. Colloids Surf A Phys Eng Aspects 402:139–145. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tang LJ, Zhang R, Zhou XY, Pan MZ, Chen MZ, Yang XH, Zhou P, Chen Z, Zhou XY (2012) Dynamic adhesive wettability of poplar veneer with cold oxygen plasma treatment. BioResources 7(3):3327–3339Google Scholar
  31. Wolkenhauer A, Avramidis G, Hauswald E, Militz H, Viöl W (2009) Sanding vs. plasma treatment of aged wood: a comparison with respect to surface energy. Int J Adhes Adhes 29:18–22. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wu HF, Dwight DW, Huff NT (1997) Effects of silane coupling agents on the interphase and performance of glass-fiber-reinforced polymer composites. Compos Sci Technol 57:975–983. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zang F (2003) Effect of microwave plasma on surface wettability of common teak wood. Northeast Forest Univ 12:31–33Google Scholar
  34. Zeng ZG (2003) Research of the manufacturing process and application technology of pliable decorative veneer, Master’s Thesis, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang DW, Zhang ZK, Peng XR (2014) Flexibility of non-woven fabric reinforced decorative veneers. Chin Wood Ind 5:41–43. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Wood Science and Technology of State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of Wood IndustryChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations