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HNO

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 137–152 | Cite as

Tinnitus: psychosomatische Aspekte

  • B. BoeckingEmail author
  • P. Brueggemann
  • B. Mazurek
CME
  • 74 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Tinnitus ist ein häufiges Symptom unklarer Genese, das multifaktoriell bedingt und aufrechterhalten sein kann. Es ist oftmals, aber nicht zwingend, mit Hörverlust assoziiert. Emotionale Belastung oder maladaptive Copingstrategien, die sich in Reaktion auf Tinnitus entwickeln oder durch ihn verstärkt werden können, stellen Schlüsselfaktoren für psychosoziale Interventionen dar. Hierzu eignen sich – nach Abklärung somatischer Einflussfaktoren – entkatastrophisierende Informationsvermittlung und ggf. psychotherapeutische Interventionen. Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung der Hörwahrnehmung (z. B. Hörgeräte oder Cochleaimplantate) können über direkte (Verbesserung der Hörwahrnehmung) oder indirekte Effekte (Verbesserung des emotionalen Befindens oder der Lebensqualität) ebenfalls zur Tinnitushabituation beitragen.

Schlüsselwörter

Psychotherapie Psychosomatische Medizin Kognitive Verhaltenstherapie Psychologische Fallkonzeptualisierung Hörstörungen 

Tinnitus: psychosomatic aspects

Abstract

Tinnitus is a common symptom of unclear origin that can be multifactorially caused and maintained. It is frequently, but not inevitably, associated with hearing loss. Emotional distress and maladaptive coping strategies – that are associated with or amplified by the tinnitus percept – pose key targets for psychological interventions. Once somatic contributors are identified and treated as applicable, psychological approaches comprise normalizing psychoeducational and psychotherapeutic interventions. Measures to improve hearing perception (e. g., hearing aids or cochlear implants) can also contribute to tinnitus habituation through direct (improvement of hearing perception) or indirect (improvement of emotional wellbeing or quality of life) effects.

Keywords

Psychological therapy Psychosomatic medicine Cognitive behavioural therapy Psychological formulation Hearing disorders 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

B. Boecking, P. Brueggemann und B. Mazurek geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TinnituszentrumCharité – Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinDeutschland

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