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Mentoring für Studierende in der Medizin

Darstellung und Evaluation eines differenzierten Mentoringprogramms an einer medizinischen Fakultät
  • Corinna BergeltEmail author
  • Ines Heinen
  • Jennifer Guse
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Seit einigen Jahren werden an medizinischen Fakultäten in Deutschland zunehmend Mentoringprogramme für Medizinstudierende entwickelt. Der vorliegende Beitrag beschreibt ein freiwilliges, aus drei Säulen bestehendes Mentoringprogramm für Studierende und dessen Evaluation. Die drei Säulen sind: Allgemeines Mentoringprogramm (AP), Mentoringprogramm für exzellente Studierende (EP) und MentoringprogrammPlus für Studierende, die Studienschwierigkeiten aufweisen (PP)

Die Evaluation basiert auf den jährlichen Befragungen der teilnehmenden Mentees, die ihre Einschätzung zur Mentoringbeziehung ebenso wie zu den Auswirkungen auf das eigene Studium abgeben.

Die drei Studierendengruppen unterscheiden sich signifikant im Hinblick auf soziodemografische Merkmale. Die Zufriedenheit mit dem Mentoring ist insgesamt sehr hoch: 84–94 % der Befragten werden von ihrer Wunschmentorin oder ihrem Wunschmentor betreut und schätzen das Gesprächsklima mehrheitlich (78–91 %) als offen ein. 89–98 % würden die Teilnahme am Programm weiterempfehlen. In der Bewertung einzelner Aspekte unterscheiden sich die Programme: Während PP-Mentees Erreichbarkeit, Vertrauenswürdigkeit und Feedback der Mentorin oder des Mentors am höchsten einschätzen, bewerten EP-Mentees die Kompetenz der Mentorin oder des Mentors sowie die stärkere Identifikation mit der Fakultät und die Verbesserung der Nachwuchsförderung durch das Mentoring am höchsten.

Die unterschiedlichen Bewertungen der drei Programme und die insgesamt hohen Akzeptanz- und Zufriedenheitswerte lassen darauf schließen, dass ein solches differenziertes Mentoring Bedingungen zur individuellen Förderung schafft, die von einer großen Zahl der Studierenden geschätzt werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Mentor Mentee Mentoringprogramm Medizinstudierende Fakultät 

Mentoring for medical students

Description and evaluation of a differentiated mentoring program at a medical school

Abstract

In recent years, mentoring programs for medical students have been increasingly implemented in medical schools in Germany. This article describes a voluntary mentoring program for students, which is differentiated into a common mentoring program (AP), a mentoring program for excellent students (EP) and a mentoring plus program (PP) for students with academic difficulties, and its evaluation.

The evaluation is based on annual evaluation surveys among the participating mentees, who evaluate the mentoring relationship as well as the impact on their studies.

The three student groups differ significantly with regard to sociodemographic variables. The satisfaction with the mentoring program is generally high: 84–94% are mentored by their preferred mentor, the majority assesses the conversational atmosphere as open (78–91%), and 89–98% would recommend participation in the program to others. The programs differ with regard to specific aspects. While PP mentees report the highest ratings on the mentor’s accessibility, trustworthiness and feedback, EP mentees report the highest ratings on the mentor’s competence as well as increased identification with the faculty and early career promotion through the mentoring program.

The different assessments of the three programs as well as the generally high acceptance and satisfaction ratings indicate that such a differentiated mentoring program provides a framework of individual support, which is highly appreciated by most students.

Keywords

Mentor Mentee Mentoring program Medical students Faculty 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

C. Bergelt, I. Heinen und J. Guse geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zentrum für Psychosoziale Medizin, Institut und Poliklinik für Medizinische PsychologieUniversitätsklinikum Hamburg-EppendorfHamburgDeutschland

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