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Der Anaesthesist

, Volume 68, Issue 10, pp 676–682 | Cite as

Perioperatives Dexamethason

  • B. SinnerEmail author
Allgemeinanästhesie
  • 1.9k Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Dexamethason ist ein synthetisches Steroid, das seit vielen Jahren besonders aufgrund seiner antiinflammatorischen, antiallergischen und immunsuppressiven Eigenschaften in der Klinik eingesetzt wird. Darüber hinaus wird Dexamethason schon seit langer Zeit zu Prophylaxe und Therapie des chemotherapeutikainduzierten Übelkeit und Erbrechens angewandt. Inzwischen hat sich Dexamethason als Standard für die Prophylaxe und Therapie des „postoperative nausea and vomiting“ (PONV) bewährt. In dieser Übersichtsarbeit werden Indikationen und Nebenwirkungen von perioperativ verabreichtem Dexamethason dargestellt.

Schlüsselwörter

Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) Prophylaxe Pharmakologische Behandlung Perioperative Schmerzen Analgesia 

Perioperative dexamethasone

Abstract

Dexamethasone is a synthetic steroid that has been used for many years in the clinical routine due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and immunosuppressive properties. Furthermore, dexamethasone has been used for a long time for prophylaxis and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. In the meantime dexamethasone has been approved as standard for the prophylaxis and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). This review article outlines the indications and side effects of the perioperative administration of dexamethasone.

Keywords

Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) Prophylaxis Pharmacologic treatment Perioperative pain Analgesia 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

B. Sinner gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Für diesen Beitrag wurden von der Autorin keine Studien an Menschen oder Tieren durchgeführt. Für die aufgeführten Studien gelten die jeweils dort angegebenen ethischen Richtlinien.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik für AnästhesiologieUniversitätsklinikum RegensburgRegensburgDeutschland

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