Demographic characteristics and visual outcomes of open globe injuries in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey
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To evaluate the demographic characteristics and visual outcomes of patients with open globe injury (OGI) in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey.
The data of patients admitted with OGI to Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey from January 2012 to December 2017 were reviewed retrospectively, and 100 of the 154 patients were included in the study.
There were 79 (79%) male and 21 (21%) female patients with the average age of 33.7 ± 20.7 (1–83). Presentation of the patients was more frequent in the first 3 days of the week (Monday 20%; Tuesday 17%; and Wednesday 20%) and within working hours (8 a.m.–5 p.m., 71%). The most common injury type was penetrating injury (75%), which was mostly caused by sharp objects (metal objects 32% and broken glass 22.7%). The ocular trauma score (OTS) was significantly higher in patients with penetrating injury and intraocular foreign body injury (p < 0.001), and those results were correlated with better visual prognosis. The patients with penetrating injury among the injury types and zone I injury among the injury zones had the highest final visual acuity. Patients in the age group of 0–14 years had statistically better visual outcome when compared to those in the other age groups (p = 0.003).
The higher initial visual acuity and OTS, penetrating injury, zone I injury and pediatric age are good prognostic factors for OGI. Additionally, scheduling a prepared surgical team and tools in working hours will be beneficial according to the frequency of admissions.
KeywordsPenetrating injury Perforating injury Globe rupture Intraocular foreign body Ocular trauma score
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.