Role of stereotactic body radiation therapy in the treatment of liver metastases: clinical results and prognostic factors

  • Elena Clerici
  • Tiziana Comito
  • Ciro FranzeseEmail author
  • Lucia Di Brina
  • Angelo Tozzi
  • Cristina Iftode
  • Pierina Navarria
  • Pietro Mancosu
  • Giacomo Reggiori
  • Stefano Tomatis
  • Marta Scorsetti
Original Article



To evaluate feasibility and efficacy of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) for unresectable liver metastasis in oligometastatic patients.


Oligometastatic patients with up to three liver metastases of a maximum diameter of 6 cm were treated with SBRT. Total dose was 75 Gy in three consecutive fractions. Study endpoints were efficacy of this fractionation in terms of local control (LC), overall survival (OS), toxicity, and prognostic factors affecting OS and LC.


Between February 2010 and December 2016, we enrolled 202 patients, with a total of 268 unresectable liver metastases. Median follow-up time from SBRT was 33 months (5–87 months). One-, 3‑, and 5‑year LC rates were 92%, 84%, and 84%, respectively. In univariate analysis, the primary histology and previous local ablative therapies were significant. Median OS was 21 months and the survival rates were 79%, 27%, and 15% at 1, 3, and 5 years after SBRT, respectively. At univariate analysis, sex, primary disease histology, intra-, and extra-hepatic progression were significant prognostic factors. This analysis confirmed the absence of late toxicity >G3.


This study confirms the efficacy and safety of SBRT for unresectable liver metastases. Selection of cases may improve survival and LC.


Hepatic metastases Radiotherapy Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy Ablation Oligometastases 

Rolle von stereotaktischer Körperbestrahlungstherapie in der Behandlung von Lebermetastasen: klinische Befunde und prognostische Faktoren



Bewertung von Durchführbarkeit und Wirksamkeit von SBRT („stereotactic body radiation therapy“), für nichtresezierbare Lebermetastasen bei oligometastatischen Patienten.


Oligometastatische Patienten mit bis zu 3 Lebermetastasen mit einem maximalen Durchmesser von 6 cm wurden mit SBRT behandelt. Gesamtdosis war 75 Gy in 3 Fraktionen hintereinander. Endpunkt der Untersuchung war die Wirksamkeit der Fraktionierung bezüglich lokaler Kontrolle (LC), Gesamtüberleben (OS), Toxizität und prognostischer Faktoren mit Einfluss auf OS und LC.


Zwischen Februar 2010 und Dezember 2016 wurden 202 aus 268 Patienten mit nichtresezierbaren Lebermetastasen ausgewählt. Mediane Nachbeobachtungszeit nach SBRT war 33 Monate (Spanne 5–87 Monate). Die 1‑, 3‑ und 5‑Jahres-LC-Raten lagen jeweils bei 92%, 84% und 84%. In der univariaten Analyse waren die Primärhistologie und die früheren ablativen lokalen Therapien signifikant. Das mediane OS lag bei 21 Monaten und die Überlebensraten waren 1, 3 und 5 Jahre nach SBRT jeweils bei 79%, 27% und 15%. In der univariaten Analyse waren Geschlecht, primäre Krankheitshistologie, intra- und extrahepatische Progression signifikante prognostische Faktoren. Diese Analyse bestätigte die Abwesenheit von Spättoxizität >G3.


Diese Untersuchung bestätigt die Wirksamkeit und die Sicherheit von SBRT für nichtresezierbare Lebermetastasen. Eine Fallauswahl kann die Überlebensrate und die LC verbessern.


Lebermetastasen Strahlentherapie Stereotaktische ablative Strahlentherapie Ablation Oligometastasen 


Conflict of interest

E. Clerici, T. Comito, C. Franzese, L. Di Brina, A. Tozzi, C. Iftode, P. Navarria, P. Mancosu, G. Reggiori, S. Tomatis, and M. Scorsetti declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Clerici
    • 1
  • Tiziana Comito
    • 1
  • Ciro Franzese
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lucia Di Brina
    • 1
  • Angelo Tozzi
    • 1
  • Cristina Iftode
    • 1
  • Pierina Navarria
    • 1
  • Pietro Mancosu
    • 1
  • Giacomo Reggiori
    • 1
  • Stefano Tomatis
    • 1
  • Marta Scorsetti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery DepartmentHumanitas Cancer Center and Research HospitalMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical SciencesHumanitas UniversityMilanItaly

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